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1 Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) Girma Balcha (Ph.D.) Director General November 2007 3 November 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) Girma Balcha (Ph.D.) Director General November 2007 3 November 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) Girma Balcha (Ph.D.) Director General November November 2007

2 2 Ethiopia, Centre of Origin and/or diversity of species due to wide range of agroclimatic conditions - - This was evidenced by Nickolai I. Vavilov in 1927 Cultivars or Farmers varieties Crop wild relatives Domestic animals Wild plants, animals and microbial genetic resources

3 3 Conference in Beltsville, 1972, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) recommended formation of PGRC Ethiopia was given highest priority to establish PGRC In 1973, Ethiopia requested Germany for feasibility study In 1994, feasibility study was undertaken by German Ministry of Economic Cooperation In 1976 PGRC was established, bilateral agreement was signed between Ethiopia and Germany GTZ was assigned from the German side and a Director was assigned from the Ethiopian side

4 4 Objectives of PGRC/E To promote the collection, evaluation, documentation and scientific study of crop germplasm in Ethiopia, East Africa and adjacent regions; To preserve germplasm on the base of long- term storage; To Provide germplams for breeding programmes aimed at the development of such characters as higher yield, better quality, disease and pest resistance;

5 5 In 1989 UNEP established a Group of Expert to draft biodiversity document. That paved the way to the birth of the Convention on Biological Diversity at Rio de Janeiro Conference in Ethiopia had, therefore, promoted PGRCE to the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC) in Then, the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation caters for plants, animals and microbial genetic resources.

6 6 Mandate of IBC Conservation of Genetic Resources and associated Traditional Knowledge Conservation of Genetic Resources and associated Traditional Knowledge Sustainable use of Genetic Resources Sustainable use of Genetic Resources Fair and equitable share of benefits accrued from commercial use of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge Fair and equitable share of benefits accrued from commercial use of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge Conservation research Conservation research

7 7 Structure of IBC Structure of IBC Director General Director General Deputy Director General Deputy Director General 10 Technical Departments 10 Technical Departments 2 Technical Services 2 Technical Services 5 Supportive Services 5 Supportive Services 212 staff members 212 staff members

8 8 Departments and Services Crop Genetic Resources Crop Genetic Resources Horticulture Genetic Resources Horticulture Genetic Resources Forest and Aquatic Plant Genetic Resources Forest and Aquatic Plant Genetic Resources Medicinal Plant Genetic Resources Medicinal Plant Genetic Resources Forage and Pasture Genetic Resources Forage and Pasture Genetic Resources Animal Genetic Resources Animal Genetic Resources Microbial Genetic Resources Microbial Genetic Resources Ethnobiology Ethnobiology Ecosystem Ecosystem Biotechnology Biotechnology Genebank and Herbarium Service Genebank and Herbarium Service Information and Documentation Service Information and Documentation Service Other Supportive Services Other Supportive Services

9 9 Main Activities Collection Ex-situ conservation Ex-situ conservation ◦ Cold storage -10 ºC, + 4 ºC ◦ Cold storage -10 ºC, + 4 ºC accessions (about 210 species) accessions (about 210 species) Field crops Field crops (Horticultural, Forage, Forestry and Medicinal plants) (Horticultural, Forage, Forestry and Medicinal plants) -650 (Microbial spp. at -80 ºc) -650 (Microbial spp. at -80 ºc)

10 1010 ◦ Field Genebank ◦ 8936 accessions of Horticulture ◦ 8936 accessions of Horticulture (13 species, two Field genebanks) (13 species, two Field genebanks) ◦ 24 Forestry species ◦ 24 Forestry species ◦ 568 accessions of Medicinal plants (two Field ◦ 568 accessions of Medicinal plants (two Field genebanks) genebanks) ◦ 159 accessions of Forage and Pasture (about 22 spp.) ◦ 159 accessions of Forage and Pasture (about 22 spp.) In-situ Conservation In-situ Conservation ◦ 4 species of Forest ◦ 4 species of Forest ◦ 337 species of Medicinal plants (24 spp. ◦ 337 species of Medicinal plants (24 spp. endemic to Ethiopia) endemic to Ethiopia) ◦ Community based in-situ ◦ 400 farmers’ var. of about 22 Field ◦ 400 farmers’ var. of about 22 Field Crops (12 Community Genebanks) Crops (12 Community Genebanks)

11 11 Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge Indigenous Knowledge on farmers’ varieties from: Indigenous Knowledge on farmers’ varieties from: Bale Bale North Shewa North Shewa Kefa Kefa Illubabor Illubabor Jima Jima East shewa East shewa Indigenous Knowledge of wild plant spp Indigenous Knowledge of wild plant sppfrom: Derashe and Kucha districts Derashe and Kucha districts Loma bosa districts, Dawro zone Loma bosa districts, Dawro zone

12 12 Characterization Characterization ◦ accessions - Morphological (17 crops) ◦ accessions - Morphological (17 crops) ◦ 4700 Biochemical (Proximate analysis) ◦ 4700 Biochemical (Proximate analysis) Protein, fat, mineral and fiber) Protein, fat, mineral and fiber) of 15 crops of 15 crops ◦ Molecular and Cytogenetic to be done in the ◦ Molecular and Cytogenetic to be done in the near future near future

13 13 Distribution of Germplasm Local InstitutionsLocal Institutions ◦ Seed Samples of Field Crops ◦ Seed Samples of Field Crops ◦ 1707 Seed Samples of Horticultural Crops ◦ 1707 Seed Samples of Horticultural Crops ◦ 5855 Others (Medicinal, Forage and ◦ 5855 Others (Medicinal, Forage and Forestry) Forestry) International InstitutionsInternational Institutions ◦ Samples of Field Crops

14 14 ◦ Database Development -National Forest Area for Species -National Forest Area for Species Conservation status assessment Conservation status assessment -National database on Medicinal Plants -National database on Medicinal Plants ◦Inventory of Genetic resources ◦Inventory of Genetic resources -36 Forest Areas -36 Forest Areas ◦National Reports ◦National Reports -Forage and Pasture Genetic Resources -Forage and Pasture Genetic Resources -Domestic Animal Genetic Resources -Domestic Animal Genetic Resources -Plant Genetic Resources for Food and -Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (to FAO) Agriculture (to FAO) Other Conservation related activities

15 15 Legal Issues Ratified/Adopted Agreements Convention on Biological Diversity (Pro. No. 98/1994) Convention on Biological Diversity (Pro. No. 98/1994) International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Pro. No. 330/2003) International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Pro. No. 330/2003) Accession to IPGRI (Bioversity International (19 May 2006) Accession to IPGRI (Bioversity International (19 May 2006) Accession to Donor’s Council Accession to Donor’s Council

16 16 International Activities Convention on Biological Diversity Negotiation on access and benefit- sharing Negotiation on Article 8(j)-Traditonal knowledge associated with genetic resources

17 17 Conservation Programme of Work Forest biodiversity Mountain biodiversity Agrobiodviersity Ecosystem approach Traditional sites and lands occupied by traditional waters Animal biodiversity etc. International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Crop Diversity Trust

18 18 Limitations Duplicate Genebank decided to be established Duplicate Genebank decided to be established Capacity building for Molecular characterization is on plan Capacity building for Molecular characterization is on plan Research on storage behaviour on plan Research on storage behaviour on plan In vitro and Cryopreservation on plan In vitro and Cryopreservation on plan

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