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CURRENT SCENARIO OF AGROTEXTILES & RECENT DEVELOPMENTS U. K. GANGOPADHYAY DIRECTOR The Synthetic and Art Silk Mills’ Research Association Sasmira Marg,

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Presentation on theme: "CURRENT SCENARIO OF AGROTEXTILES & RECENT DEVELOPMENTS U. K. GANGOPADHYAY DIRECTOR The Synthetic and Art Silk Mills’ Research Association Sasmira Marg,"— Presentation transcript:

1 CURRENT SCENARIO OF AGROTEXTILES & RECENT DEVELOPMENTS U. K. GANGOPADHYAY DIRECTOR The Synthetic and Art Silk Mills’ Research Association Sasmira Marg, Worli Mumbai SASMIRA Workshop-cum-Exhibition on Strengthening Government-Industry- Consumer Partnership in Technical Textiles, 18 th Sept., 2009 MOT,GOI Workshop,

2 OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION AGROTEXTILES & VARIOUS PRODUCTS OEKOTECH & VARIOUS PRODUCTS MARKET & RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN AGROTEXTILES CASE STUDIES ON USAGE OF MAJOR AGROTEXTILE PRODUCTS VIZ., SHADE NETS, GREENHOUSE & MULCH MATS AND THEIR STANDARDS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE – AGROTEXTILES AND ITS APPROACH INFERENCES AND PROPOSED STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTION OF AGROTEXTILE PRODUCTS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

3 AGROTEXTILES & VARIOUS PRODUCTS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

4 WHAT IS AGROTEXTILE Special textiles that are manufactured for agricultural applications These textile structures are used as controlling environment for plants/animals in applications like –Agriculture –Horticulture –Animal husbandry Benefits Of Agrotextile Products Used in Protected Cultivation For Indian Agriculturists for improved Productivity & Quality Of Produce and lower Cost Of Production SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

5 Sunlight – direct and indirect Water Climatic Conditions including wind, hail, humidity External factors like birds, insects, weeds Post Harvest handling of produce – storage and packaging In India, presently Agricultural Activities are carried out under Natural Conditions of Temperature and Humidity SASMIRA FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES MOT,GOI Workshop,

6 Yield percentage is unsatisfactory Quality of produce is marred Damages to the produce Regional limitation on cultivation Seasonal limitation on cultivation THE ABOVE FACTORS CAN BE EFFECTIVELY CONTROLLED USING AGROTEXTILE PRODUCTS CONSEQUENCES OF ABSENCE OF CONTROL FACTORS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

7 AGRO TEXTILE PRODUCTS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE PRODUCTAPPLICATION IN AGRICULTUREANIMAL HUSBAN- DARY FISHING CROP PRODUCE FLORICUL - TURE HORTICUL- TURE POST HARVESTING KNITTED NETS  SHADING  BIRD PROTECTION  WIND SHIELDS  ANTI-HAIL  HARVESTING  FISHING  MILCHING  PACKAGING  SUPPORT NETS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

8 AGRO TEXTILE PRODUCTS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE Contd… PRODUCTAPPLICATION IN AGRICULTUREANIMAL HUSBAN- DARY FISHING CROP PRODUCE FLORICUL - TURE HORTICUL- TURE POST HARVESTING NONWOVEN FABRICS  MULCHMAT  CATTLE SHED UNDERLAY  PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WOVEN FABRICS  PACKING SACKS  SUNCREENS  PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PLASTIC SHEETS  GROUND COVERS  GREENHOUSE FILMS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

9 Agrotextile Product Details Bird Protection Net –Polypropylene monofilament / Polyethylene Tape yarns, Warp knitted, 2 – 3 cm mesh size, 40 – 80 g/sq.m. Woven structures of lighter weight are also used Shading net –Polypropylene monofilament / Polyethylene Tape yarns, Warp knitted, mesh size as per the required shading %, 40 – 80 g/sq.m. Woven structures of lighter weight are also used Windshield fabrics –Polypropylene monofilament / Polyethylene Tape yarns, Warp knitted, mesh size as per the required wind blocking %, 40 – 90 g/sq.m. Woven structures of lighter weight are also used SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

10 Agrotextile Product Details, contd.. Plant nets –Polypropylene monofilament / Polyethylene Tape yarns, Warp knitted, Strips of nets with large opening, g/sq.m Harvesting nets –Polypropylene monofilament / Polyethylene Tape yarns, Warp knitted, Flat nets of square or triangular construction, of mesh size 8 – 12 mm, 40 – 90 g/sq.m. Woven structures of lighter weight are also used SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

11 Agrotextile Product Details, contd.. Mulch Mat –Polypropylene, spunbonded, 60 – 80 g/sq.m. Woven biodegradable structures are also used Packing Material –Polyethylene Tape yarn, Warp knitted, 50 – 60 g/sq.m SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

12 OEKOTECH & VARIOUS PRODUCTS To PROTECT ENVIRONMENT SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

13  Oekotech is an important areas of technical textiles.  Used for environmental protection and waste disposal.  Its use is based on environmental damages for: Building demolition Power plant ash Sewage treatment sludge Incinerated waste ash Municipal waste Untreated hospital waste Hazardous waste Radioactive waste OEKOTECH SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

14 Geogrids - reinforce slopes beneath the waste, walls, cover soils above geomembranes; Geonets - in-plane drainage; Geomembranes – a barrier to liquids, gases and/or vapors and landfill caps; Geocomposites –for separation, filtration or drainage; Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) - an infiltration/hydraulic barrier; used also for mine rehabilitation, tunnels, secondary containment Geopipes - landfill applications to facilitate collection and rapid drainage of the leachate to a sump and removal system; Geotextiles - filtration purpose or as cushion to protect the geomembrane from puncture. OEKOTECH PRODUCTS & USES SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

15 MARKET & RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN AGROTEXTILES SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

16 Agrotextiles - International Scenario Most popular in Western Europe & North East Asia Help cultivation of crops in arid & semi-arid regions –Shade Nets In Fuji, use of shade nets significantly reduced sunburn damage to apple crop In Spain, use shade net has found to reduce evaporation of irrigating water by 8 % –Mulch Mats – Studies by horticulturist in USA revealed Help to retain the soil moisture crucial for plant survival Reduce growth of weeds that compete for needed resource –Bird Protection Nets The menace of birds in Australia was solved in harmless manner without hurting or killing them. –Harvesting Nets Prevent falling off of ripened fruits to the ground SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

17 INDIAN SCENARIO USAGE OF SHADE NETS AND MULCH MATS FOR PROTECTIVE CULTIVATION NOW PREVALENT. DUE TO LACK OF UNDERSTANDING, SAME PRODUCT BEING USED FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS WITH VARIED RESULTS. MOREOVER, NO SPECIFIED STUDIES FOUND TO SUGGEST SUITABILITY OF PRODUCTS VIS-À-VIS PRODUCTIVITY. THIS IS WHERE SASMIRA’S CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR AGROTEXTILES CAN RESCUES THE FARMERS SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

18 Potential of the market-sizing for Agrotech in India Source : ICRA Management Services Report on Baseline Study Summary ProductProductionImportExportDomestic consumption Domestic consumption Shade-netsQuantity5,000 MT-2,200 MT2,800 MT3,747 MT ValueRs 45.5 crore-Rs 17.5 croreRs 28 croreRs 37.5 crore Greenhouse films Quantity700 MT900 MT-1900 MT2736 MT Value7.8 crore15 crore-22.8 crore32.8 crore Mulch-matsQuantity1,050 MT-115 MT900 MT7,000 MT Value14.1 crore-1.5 crore12.6 crore98 crore Crop-coversQuantity1000 MT- Value10 crore- OthersValue472 crore11.6 crore37.5 crore446.1 crore crore TOTALQuantity 24,868 MT1,875 MT5,665 MT21,078 MT33,390 MT Value Rs 549 croreRs 27 croreRs 67 croreRs 510 croreRs 742 crore SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

19 Recent Trend of Developments in Agrotextiles Polymer fibre balls as substitute for soilfibre balls Screening fabrics for sunlight managementScreening fabrics Knitted net hose for water transportationKnitted net hose Superabsorbent polymer fibre mats forSuperabsorbent polymer water management in horticulture applications Use of water retention nets coated withwater retention nets Superabsorbent polymer resin Composites of hemp or polypropylene forComposites reducing soil pollutants SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

20 Abstracts of Recent Development Polymer fibre balls as substitute for soil –Randomly crimped fibre balls, mm, biodegradable/non-biodegradable, substitute for soil, provide excellent drainage, oxygenation and thermal insulation BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

21 Screening fabrics for sunlight management –Fabrics of elastic weft and metallised polyester warp helps to control level of sunlight, air circulation, humidity and carbon dioxide concentration for the vegetation BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

22 Knitted net hose for water transportation –Warp knitted based on Kemafil Technology, help in storing and transporting water near to plant roots for irrigation. BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

23 Superabsorbent polymer fibre mats for Water management in horticulture applications –SAP helps to enhance retain water, suitable for horticulture in drought-prone areas BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

24 Use of water retention nets coated with Superabsorbent polymer resin –Textile structures coated with SAP resin, enhance water retention property to support plant growth BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

25 Composites of hemp or polypropylene for reducing soil pollutants –Composite of Hemp or Polypropylene nonwoven fabrics and aluminium silicate, found to be useful in protection of soil from chemical pollutants BACK SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,

26 SASMIRA’s PROPOSED STUDIES FOR STANDARDIZATION OF AGROTEXTILES Development of durable breathable and barrier work wear fabrics for Agrotextile applications. Development of speciality fabric for water conservation and soil erosion control used in horticulture application. Establishing structural parameters of agrotextile products and their influence on the functional characteristics of these products. Development of Reflective Agrotextiles for Sun Management. Developing barrier packaging for Agricultural produce. SASMIRA MOT,GOI Workshop,


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