Presentation on theme: "Environmental Management Systems International Standard ISO 14001."— Presentation transcript:
Environmental Management Systems International Standard ISO 14001
Why would the North Carolina Zoological Park want to become an EMS ISO institution? EMS ISO
1. Systematically improve the Zoo’s ecological footprint. EMS ISO
2. Gain credibility for sound environmental management EMS ISO
3. Model our management principles and practices for others. EMS ISO
What does the North Carolina Zoological Park need to become an EMS ISO institution? EMS ISO
staff commitment not just compliance desire to set an organizational climate of improvement Management support and motivation for the resources required for checking and reviewing realize change is gradual and needs to be practical EMS ISO
CHECK ACT PLAN DO EMS ISO provides an organized structured approach to improve our section’s environmental impact Continual Improvement
EMS ISO PLAN »Environmental Policy »Environmental Aspects and Impacts »Legal Requirements »Objectives and Targets »Action Plans Policy/Objectives
EMS ISO DO »Roles and Responsibility »Training and Competence »Operational Control »Communications »Emergency Preparedness »Document Control Structure/Responsibility
EMS ISO CHECK »Corrective and Preventative Action »Monitoring and Measuring »Record Keeping »EMS Auditing Checking/Corrective Action
EMS ISO ACT »Management Review Review
The Zoo’s Environmental Policy G Growth in knowledge and continued improvement R Reduction in use of resources and waste E Environmentally responsible and sustainable operation E Example to others N Necessary compliance with environmental laws and regulations
How we arrived at the Significant Environmental Aspects and Impacts We identified 45 activities under our control which had 130 environmental aspects and impacts. For example an aspect may be how or where a waste is generated and an impact might be the effect of that waste on the environment.
The following criteria was used to determine potential significant aspects/impacts. Low(1) Medium(2) High(3) Severity Frequency Quantity Little impact/no danger Danger non-life threatening short term reversible less than 1 year Potentially life threatening long term effects reversible more than 1 year Weekly to daily Monthly to weekly Less than monthly Pounds per year Tons per year Tons per month
The Process…… We added the criteria numbers together to obtain a quantitative total as our first filter of the 130 aspects/impacts. Total rank of 5 and over was determined potentially significant. We then applied a qualitative team judgment to prioritize the most important and significant of these aspects/impacts.
10 Significant Environmental Aspects/Impacts Were Identified ACTIVITYASPECTIMPACT T Compost operationsTotal Organic Recycling/reusing/landfill diversion Materials Pest managementPest managementReduce use of harmful chemicals Total Gasoline useGas/DieselDepletion of Nonrenewable Resources Irrigation and wateringWater useDepletion of water supply Chemical fertilizingRunoffSurface water contamination Prescribed BurningLand preservationConserve natural communities Electricity GreenhouseElectricity use Depletion of Nonrenewable Resources Operating GreenhousePropaneDepletion of Nonrenewable Resources Maintain surface/gradingRunoff/erosionSurface water contamination Renovating/Creating Invasive plantsReduction of native plants Landscapes
Horticulture’s Legal Requirements Were Clarified: Compost permit Pesticide application licenses Pesticide storage inspections Nursery certification permit Endangered plant permits Burn permits Plant importation permits Invasive plant laws Vegetation/vermin control Dam and Sedimentation laws Chemical/Industrial pretreatment Nonpoint Source Pollution legislation
Horticulture’s Objectives, Targets, And Performance Indicators For Our First EMS Program Have Been Drafted. Responsible Staff And Their Time Frames Have Been Identified.
ACTIVITY Compost operations ASPECTTotal organic materials IMPACT Recycling/reusing/landfill diversion Objective: Maintain compost operation Target: Minimum of 1067 Tons waste received Program: 1. Training on separation of incoming waste 2. Complete/Implement Tub Grinder/burning study 3. Complete corrugated cardboard study and implement interim recommendations 4. Improve sanitation of site 5. Submit annual report and apply for permit renewal
ACTIVITY Compost operations ASPECTTotal organic materials IMPACT Recycling/reusing/landfill diversion Objective: Add other organic materials to compost Target: Increase sources by two Program: 1. Gain compliance with procedure from Sodexho 2. Evaluate new sources Avian prop. Mammal prop., wildlife rehab 3. Review existing sources for compliance
ACTIVITY Pest management ASPECT Pest management IMPACT Reduce use of harmful chemicals Objective: Use least toxic, effective method of pest control Target: Evaluate two control methods Program: 1. Review, document and update operating procedures 2. Train on operating procedures 3. Study alternative herbicides 4. Evaluate Fire Ant control products 5. Evaluate Entomologist services
ACTIVITY Total Gasoline use ASPECT Gas/Diesel IMPACT Depletion of Nonrenewable Resources Objective: Reduce consumption of Gas/Diesel fuel Target: Formal plan of action developed and 5% reduction in fuel consumptions from 2002 levels for 2003 Program: 1. Determine usage by Vehicle/ Equipment for first 6 months of Pilot study of usage patterns via volunteers 3. Driving Tips awareness 4. Explore Alternative vehicles/equip. 5. Formal plan for efficiency measures 6. Develop, Document, Train on SOP’s
ACTIVITY Irrigation and watering ASPECT Water use IMPACT Depletion of water supply Objective: Apply Xeriscaping principles to greatest extent feasible Target: Implement Xeriscape principles on Garden Friends, Chimp, and Rhino. Program: 1. Implement Xeriscaping principles on Garden Friends landscape 2. Develop, Document and Train on SOP’s for Garden Friends garden 3. Water metering program for Chimp. 4. Develop, Document and Train on SOP’s for Chimp exhibit 5. Develop irrigation system for Rhino using Xeriscape principles
ACTIVITY Irrigation and watering ASPECT Water use IMPACT Depletion of water supply Objective: Apply Xeriscaping principles to greatest extent feasible Target: Train 80% of affected horticulture staff on Xeriscape principles Program: 1. Improve awareness of Xeriscaping principles
ACTIVITY Chemical fertilizing ASPECT Runoff IMPACT Surface water contamination Objective: Fertilize with environmentally friendly products at proper levels Target: Exterior protocols in place by 2002 and research Interior protocols 2003 Program: 1. Maximize Exterior use of organic fertilizers through protocols 2. Research organic fertilizer use in interior exhibits
ACTIVITY Chemical fertilizing ASPECT Runoff IMPACT Surface water contamination Objective: Maintain or Improve water quality Target: Assess impact of Horticulture on Water quality Program: 1. Develop and implement a testing program 2. Determine major contributors to water quality 3. Determine methods to evaluate water quality
ACTIVITY Chemical fertilizing ASPECT Runoff IMPACT Surface water contamination Objective: Maintain or Improve water quality Target: Implement Water Quality management plan Program: 1. Develop plan of action 2. Develop, Implement and Train on SOP’s
ACTIVITY Prescribed burning ASPECT Land preservation IMPACT Conserve natural communities Objective: Conserve natural communities Target: Maximize use of natural methods of management using ecological factors like prescribed burns Program: 1. Review, Update and Train burn team on operating procedures
ACTIVITY Electricity use at Greenhouse ASPECT Electricity use IMPACT Depletion of Nonrenewable Resources Objective: Conserve electricity Target: Comply with standard operating procedures Program: 1. Review, Update and Train appropriate staff on operating procedures
ACTIVITY Operating Greenhouse ASPECT Propane IMPACT Depletion of Nonrenewable Resources Objective: Conserve propane Target: Comply with standard operating procedures Program: 1. Review, Update and Train appropriate staff on operating procedures
ACTIVITY Maintain surface/grading ASPECT Runoff/erosion IMPACT Surface water contamination Objective: minimize runoff/erosion Target: Document standard operating procedures Program: 1. Document and Train appropriate staff on operating procedures
ACTIVITY Renovating/Creating Landscapes ASPECT Invasive plants IMPACT Reduction of native plants Objective: Conserve Native Plants Target: Develop standard operating procedures Program: 1. Develop and Train appropriate staff on operating procedures
Currently Discussing Roles and Responsibilities of the Program. Mary Joan Pugh – EMS Coordinator Core Team –Management Review Board Gin Wall – Horticulture Management Representative, Approve EMS documents Cathy Lewis – Maintain documentation Associate Curators – EMS Team Representatives, Develop Protocols/Procedures, Trainers Hort. Supervisors – EMS Team Representatives, Update instructions, Responsible for EMS reporting Hort. Technician & Grounds workers – EMS Team Representatives
Organizing Training and Record Keeping Tracking the EMS program appears to be complex but we are looking at a decentralized database that once in place could be used for other training record keeping. We are currently identifying: Who needs training on what Who the trainers should be What documents should the trainer use Who has authority to revise the document
Horticulture staff’s accomplishments toward sustainable operations has been admirable. But we hit a plateau. “Picking the Low Hanging Fruit….” Composting IPM Organic Fertilizers Recycling Land use planning Management planning It has become harder to figure out what we should do especially on our more fixed and necessary operations.
We’ve used various sources for tips and ideas of how to improve our operations but never had a process in which to focus on and break down the more complex activities into manageable ideas. Conferences Conservation Captains Internet research Other Zoo’s programs
Starting with the low hanging fruit helped us begin… Now having a structured process and highly motivating internal and external audits should take us… 1. To More Sustainable Operations 2. EMS Certification 3. “Walking the Talk”.