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Landscape Design Principles & Concepts Horticulture I CP Mr. Traeger March 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Landscape Design Principles & Concepts Horticulture I CP Mr. Traeger March 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Landscape Design Principles & Concepts Horticulture I CP Mr. Traeger March 2014

2 Introductory HorticultureHort I CP Landscape Design Principles and Concepts Big Idea: To apply the principles of landscaping, maintenance, & xeriscaping to an actual setting to understand the goals of the landscape profession. Essential Question: How can a well designed landscape benefit the environment the property owners. PA Standards for Environment & Ecology:

3 Lessons Objectives: List the main objectives of good residential landscaping. List the five principles of landscape design & examples of an application of each principle. List the technical procedures for landscape maintenance. Calculate the volume of mulch needed to cover a landscape bed. List the basic concepts of xeriscaping. Identify plants that can be used in a xeriscape setting. List the ways the soil can be improved to conserve water. Explain why mulches are important to landscaping. Explain what a water garden is. List the different types of irrigation systems used in the United States. List five green roof plants. List three hardscape paving and three softscape paving materials. Describe the three major career fields within the landscape profession.

4 I. The Landscape Industry. A. Professional Careers – Landscape architects: professionals who integrate the disciplines of science & art and know how plants & landscape factors will react to the environment around them. 4 or 5 years of college required State license required On the job training. Experience with 3-D computer designs.

5 I. Landscape Industry. B. Landscape Plan – The landscape plan is a collection of graphic symbols that represent trees, shrubs, flowers, buildings and other constructed materials necessary to the proposed landscape.

6 B. Landscape Plan example.

7 II. The Objectives of Residential Landscaping. The objective of residential landscaping are to serve the needs and desires of people in development of the outdoor environment. – Outdoor living space – Children’s play area – Flower gardens – Vegetable gardens – Pool or hot tub – Dog runs – Outdoor kitchen

8 A. Goals of Residential Landscaping. To determine the exact landscape needs and desires of the homeowners. To determine the capabilities of the land (site) to fulfill those needs & desires. To develop the outdoor living areas of the landscape in a manner similar to the way indoor living areas are developed. To design the landscape in such a way that maintenance practices do not exceed that which the homeowner is willing to do. To keep costs within the budget of the homeowner.

9 B. Client Survey. How many family members are there? What are their ges? How much does the family use the outdoor areas around the home? Does the family entertain frequently? Large groups or small groups? How much privacy from the neighbors and passing cars do they desire? How much maintenance are they willing to do in the upkeep of the landscape? Are there certain plants they are fond of, dislike, or are allergic to?

10 III. Drawing Instruments T-Square Lettering Template 45/45 degree & 45/90 degree triangles Compass Protractor French Curve Architect Scale Rolling Ruler

11 III. Drawing Instruments


13 A. Landscape Scale


15 IV. Lettering Lettering Lines: 3 horizontal lines ¼” apart. Letters & Numbers are written block style. DO NOT MIX UPPER & LOWER CASE LETTERS! Do not crowd letters. Do not over space letters.

16 IV. Lettering Examples

17 IV. Lettering Examples.

18 V. Views Functional View – Initial design concept, permits the client and designer to work through the design concept.

19 V. Views Plan View – Common drawing prepared by a landscaper, drawn to scale and viewed as seen from above.

20 V. Views Plan View

21 V. Views Plan View

22 V. Views Elevation View – Scaled drawing, with both horizontal & vertical dimensions.

23 V. Views Perspective Views – Allows multiple sides of a proposed project to be seen in one drawing. – Though drawn to scale none of the lines are measurable because of receding lines.

24 V. Views Axonometric View – Scaled drawing, views multiple sides.

25 V. Views Axonometric View

26 VI. Landscape Symbols



29 Deciduous Trees

30 VI. Landscape Symbols

31 Vines.

32 VI. Landscape Symbols Construction Symbols

33 VII. Labeling Plant Species Code

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