Presentation on theme: "Date : 6th April, 2015 Place : NASC Complex, New Delhi Directorate of Horticulture and Farm Forestry, Chhattisgarh Agriculture Scenario in Eastern India-Review."— Presentation transcript:
Date : 6th April, 2015 Place : NASC Complex, New Delhi Directorate of Horticulture and Farm Forestry, Chhattisgarh Agriculture Scenario in Eastern India-Review and Future Prospects
Horticulture at a Glance Geographical area 137.90 lakh ha. (14.15% of the country). Net sown area 47.70 lakh ha. (34.59% of its geographical area). Total horticulture area up to 2014-15: 7.66 lakh ha.(16% of its net sown area ) NHM being implemented in 19 districts of the State out of 27.
Present Status of Horticulture in the State (2014-15) Sl. No. Category Area (Ha.) Production (MT) Major Crops and area in Ha. 1.Fruits 2,30,46620,99,604 Mango-67,288; Cashewnut-28,351; Guava-20,292; Banana-22,082; Papaya- 11,572; Lime-12,008; Jack fruit-12,565; Litchi-5,539 2.Vegetables 4,21,09457,78,191 Brinjal-35,384; Tomato-52,892; Bhindi- 29,349; Potaton-38,915; Beans-62,79; Cabbage-19,530; Cauliflower-22,637; Onion-20,060 3.Spices 95,4306,69,318 Chilli-39,645; Ginger-11,065; Garlic- 4,454; Turmeric-11,821; Coriander-14,785 & Methi-3,463 4.Flowers 10,96150,029 Marigold-4,007; Tuberose-1,498; Gladiolus-1,791; Roses-1,050; Gallardia-259 & Chrysanthemum-284 5. Aromatic & Medicinal Plants 12,24083,250 Lemongrass-1,459; Pamarosa-1,095; E.citridora-1,820 and Vitever-889 TOTAL 7,70,19186,80,392
Growth of Horticulture Since 2004-05 Sl. No Category 2004-052014-15 Area (Ha.) Production (MT) Produ- ctivity (MT/Ha) Area (Ha.) Production (MT) Produc- tivity (MT/Ha.) 1.Fruits 46,2473,23,731723046620996049.11 2.Vegetables 1,23,49112,49,73310421094577819113.72 3.Spices 28,3991,69,5426954306693187.01 4.Flowers 1,5082,8291.8710961500294.56 5. Aromatic & Medicinal Plants 1,91010,8815.69 12240832506.80 Total 2,01,55617,56,7168.727,70,19186,80,39211.27
Poor Supply of Quality Planting Material: Shortage of Quality Planting Material which leads to low production & productivity. Lack of irrigation Facility: Only 35% area is under irrigation against national average of 42 % of total sowing area. Lack of Post Harvest Management Practices: Area, production and productivity has increased but there are considerable post harvest losses (25- 40%) and ultimately resulting in reduction in net return. Lack of Storage Facilities: To store surplus produce at farm gate as well as off- farm level. Unorganized Market: Farmers are not getting premium price of their produce. Absence of weather, disease & price forecasting facilities: Leading in vulnerability in farmers position & increase in risk factor. Lack of exposure as-well-as orientation: Of both farmers and departmental staff towards modern horticulture practices [ Lack of extension personnel: There is shortage of extension personnels in comparison to Agriculture department causing hindrance in technology transfer. Lack of credit facilities: Horticultural farmers are getting lesser loan in comparison to agriculture department, which is about 12.7 % only. Major Constraints
Major Interventions Supply of Planting Material: Establishment of Big Vegetable Plug type seedling production unit at Bilaspur & 5- Mini plug type vegetable seedling production units at Dhamtari, Jagdalpur, Kabirdham, Rajnandgaon & Kanker are under progress. Protected Cultivation: 1636791 Ha. Area till date has been brought under protected cultivation. Whereas, 14903.20 ha. area has been covered under plastic Mulching. Organic Farming: 13075 Ha. area till date have been covered under organic farming activities, against which 3116.90 Ha area has been C-3 whereas, 992.242 Ha. C-2 certified. Development of new institutions for production, processing and marketing of products: In 2013- 14, 412 FIG’s and 5 FPO’s (2- Raipur, 2- Dhamtari & 1- Bilaspur) are made with inclusion of 6063 farmers under VIPUA scheme. Development of cold chain network across the state: 13 Cold storages of 5000 MT capacity each have been established across the state under SHM.
Contd… Market Infrastructure Establishment: Till now 8 retail outlets for horticultural crops have been established under SHM & Prefeasibility study for establishment of Terminal Market Complex has been done. Infrastructure Development Establishment of Center of Excellence: To Exhibit & demonstrate latest horticulture technologies to farmers & to provide quality planting material for horticultural crops. Establishment of State Level Demonstration-Cum-Training Center: In order to impart various training programs as well as demonstrations of different horticulture practices to farmers to improve technical knowhow. Establishment of Model Floriculture Centre: To demonstrate floriculture technologies & practices to the farmers.
Roadmap from 2015-16 to 2017-18 for Development of Horticulture To increase total horticulture area to 8.20 lakh ha. approx. (17.19% of its net sown area)in next three years i.e. 2017-18. At present 100 cold storages of 5000 MT capacity have been established & 20 more would be added by 2017-18. S.No.CropPresent Status (Area in ha.) Area to be added (in ha.) By 2015-16 to 2017-18 1.Fruit2,16,27240,000 2.vegetable4,00,02450,000 3.Spice95,17415,000 (in nxt 5 years) 4.Flower10,1155,000 (in nxt 5 years)
To Ensure Availability of Quality Planting material: Establishment of 20 new and strengthening of 40 old nurseries Establishment of Big Plug type vegetable seedling production unit at Bemetara & Mini Plug type vegetable seedling production unit in each district for quality seedling production. Protected Cultivation: To bring more area under to fulfill the demand of vegetables in urban areas throughout the year. To Double the Irrigated Area Under horticultural crops: By taking more area under Micro-irrigation & water harvest management in coming 3 year. Promotion of Effective Post harvest Management: By creating pack Houses, cold storages, low energy cool chambers, ripening chambers etc. at farm-gate & off farm level to Reduce / minimize post harvest losses. Introduction of new crops: Like tree spices, Tea, Coffee, Black Pepper, Cocoa and Pineapple at Bastar and Northern Hills & to bring 3000 Ha. area under these crops. To Avail Soil testing facilities with Soil Health Card: So as the farmers can know about the health of their soil and can incorporate the nutrients according to the crop taken.
Establishment of Leaf Tissue Analysis Lab: To identify the status of micro nutrients in the plant to know the nutritional status of the crop. Development of market chain: At present there are 2 whole sale markets at Tifra, Bilaspur & Tulsi, Raipur. 3 more are proposed to be established by 2017- 18. Establishment of crop wise FPOs: At least two in each district to promote and strengthen member-based institutions of farmers. Market Infrastructure: Establishment of Terminal Market Complex for sorting, grading, packaging, processing and marketing of Horticulture Crops. Development of market infrastructure through target consumer identification & market segmentation. This approach divides broad markets, consisting of customers possessing different characteristics, into smaller market segments. Development of new institutions: For production, processing and marketing of products like- Grower's Association or Farmer's Cooperative / Society, Common Enterprise Groups and strengthening the old ones like existing SHGs / WUAs / Micro Credit Groups. To develop Management Information System (MIS): At the point of production to marketing using Geographic Information System (GIS) to facilitate effective decision making both at the Mission Management and Farm Level.
Expansion of Coverage of NHM: 5 Districts- Dantewada, Bijapur, Narayanpur, Kanker and Sukma are highly naxal affected & tribal populated with great horticulture potential & other 3 districts- Dhamtari, Mahasamund and Janjgir- champa have great horticulture potential & good irrigation facilities so these 8 districts are required to be included under NHM. Higher assistance: Is required for small & marginal farmer under PHM and Protected cultivation as, per unit cost is higher. Support of Tea and Coffee Development Board: looking to the production possibilities in Jashpur & Bastar region Support from Spice Development Board: Keeping in view the high production of spices and tree spices in Northern and Southern parts of Chhattisgarh Major Issues
Support from Cashew and Cocoa Development Board: Required in the view of great production potential, value addition & processing. Support of Coconut Development Board: As Bastar region has great potential & suitable climate for coconut cultivation & need to be strengthen. Establishment of Horticulture Research Institute: To promote latest horticulture technology & practices. Support from SFAC: For handholding, making & handling FIGs, crop-wise FPOs in each districts & establishment of a Mandi for better marketing opportunities to small farmers. Incentives to the farmers for organic production: To attract more farmers under organic cultivation. Contd..