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Improving Competitiveness of Horticulture for National Food Security: Scientific with Spiritual Approach Ahmad Dimyati Researcher Indonesian Center for.

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Presentation on theme: "Improving Competitiveness of Horticulture for National Food Security: Scientific with Spiritual Approach Ahmad Dimyati Researcher Indonesian Center for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Improving Competitiveness of Horticulture for National Food Security: Scientific with Spiritual Approach Ahmad Dimyati Researcher Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development Advisor, Indonesian Horticulture Board October, 2013

2 Outline The approach Definition of food security Means to create food security Horticulture in relation to food security Definition and components of competitiveness Factors affecting competitiveness Ways to improve competitiveness of horticulture Conclusion

3 The Approach: The Truth The True Meaning The True Happiness ScienceScience SpiritualitySpirituality Organized Religiousity Other Ways Human Civilization

4 Definition of Food Security Committee on World Food Security, 2012: “ Food and Nutrition Security exists when all people at all times have physical, social and economic access to food, which is safe and consumed in sufficient quantity and quality to meet their dietary needs and food preferences, and is supported by an environment of adequate sanitation, health services and care, allowing for a healthy, {peaceful} and active life.”

5 Legal Aspect (1): Law No 18/2012 on Food: “Food security is a condition of fulfillment of food for the country up to individual, as expressed in the availability of food, quantitatively and qualitatively, safe, diversified, nutritious, well distributed, and affordable not opposing the religion, belief, and culture of the society for healthy, active and sustainably productive life”

6 Legal Aspect 2: Law No 13/2010 on Horticulture: “ The Government and/or local government shall have the duties to increase people’s horticultural consumption through: a.Determination and socialization of fruits and vegetables as principal food products; b.Setting of targets for the rate of food and fruit consumption per capita per year in line with the standard of health; and c.Loading of horticultural subjects into the curriculum of national and local education.”

7 FS & Other Burdens Food Security Energy Water Air Quantity Quality Delivery & Affordability Socio-cultural issues Quantity Quality Delivery & Affordability Environmental impacts Quantity Quality Affordability Responsibility

8 Related Issues on FS Climate impact of food production Improve the resilience of food production to future environmental change Protect biodiversity Protect our freshwater resource Move to healthier diets Reduce the adverse impacts of food production on ecosystem services Historical expansion of agriculture into forests and natural ecosystems Loss of ecosystem services listed above

9 Global Food Security Challenges Sustainable intensification: closing yield gap increasing production potential reducing waste New approach: Changing diets Alternative crops Expanding aquaculture (Pete Smith, 2012: Delivering Food Security without Increasing Pressure on Land) ComprehensiveComprehensive StrategyStrategy

10 Future Ag & Food Strategy Sustainable Intensification, Alternative source of nutrients Sustainable Intensification Consumers’ education Agriculture and Economic Transformation Science & Spirituality (Garnett and Godfray, 2012 Tilman et al, 2011) (Pete Smith, 2013, Dimyati, 2013) (Pete Smith, 2013)

11 Means to create food security Availability: production and distribution Production: areal and productivity, land, technology, research and development, extension Distribution: infrastructure, institutions Accessability i.e. affordability, infrastructure, price, purchasing power What types of food policy? Pro growers vs Pro Consumers


13 Horticulture in relation to food security Nutrient availability and accessability Horticulture contribution to provide nutrient-rich products to alleviate “hidden hunger” which may cause non- communicable degenerative diseases Functional fruits and vegetables for better life (Siswanto, CAHTEC-MoH) Tropical fruits have better vitamins, minerals and antioxidants (R.Purwanto) Horticulture role in increasing people’s purchasing power: high value produce for limited land Better than food and estate crops, comparable to livestock

14 East Indonesia Agribusiness Development Option (Tiago et al, 2013. CHCG) 14 Commodities with most potential to increase income of the poor

15 Competitiveness pertains to the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or country to sell and supply goods and services in a given market, in relation to the ability and performance of other firms, sub-sectors, or countries in the same market (Wikipedia, 4 Oct, 2013; 10.11) Components: Productivity, eficiency, delivery, quality, image Definition and components of competitiveness

16 Competitive Hort and FS Competitive Hort Products Domestic market protection Availability and accessibility of quality products People’s health, productivity, prosperity Sustainable Hort Industry

17 Factors affecting competitiveness: Land and Infrastructure Cluster development Value chain improvement Technology Institutions Finance Hort regions Road & market Packing, processing, storage Techonolgy Institutions Intergrated services R & D Network Replicate traditional institutions Innovative financing Policies & Programs

18 Ways to improve competitiveness: Policy formulation Nutrient affordability versus business attractiveness: pro-consumers versus pro-farmers policies Landuse planning Infrastructure development Cluster development of selected crops Value chain improvement

19 Experts’ Suggestions (1) Robert Holmer, AVRDC World-Veg Center: Global: Nourishing People, Enhancing Resilience, Reducing Emissions SEA: Climate-smart Vegetable Production Technologies for Small Farming Communities in Southeast Asia Karen Tambayong, IHB, GCH AIPH: Green city prospect and challenges in Asia Richard Markham, ACIAR: New drivers for ICM, GR management, SCM/VCM for sustaining tropical horticulture

20 Experts’ Suggestions (2) Tomohide Sugino, JIRCAS: Improvement of technologies to reduce GHG emission from vegetable lands in Asia Arij Everaart, Waginengen University: Development of sustainable vegetable production systems Tomohiro Kamogawa, SAKATA: Strong internal and external network of competence Peerasak Srinives,Katsetsart University: Vision and creativity

21 Consortium of Service Partnership & Traceability Cluster of Mango Financial Institution Packing House: Primary processing Grading Branding Research Outreach Extension Service Input Store Production Area Specific for Mango cv “Gedong Gincu” Traditional Domestic Market Modern Domestic Market Processing Companies Export Market Business Consultant

22 Recommendations: Large scale or consolidated units of innovation-led business with efective and efficient value chains Policy and program facilitating the allocation of land and construction of infrastructure for the work of a business partnership among different actors of value chain of selected products Development of competitive products supported by a consortium of integrated services. Consumers’ education and public awareness Revitalizing spirituality led business culture


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