5Rajasthan Salient Features Contains largest country’s area Humid/ sub-humid ZoneSalient FeaturesArid/ semi ZoneContains largest country’s areaLimited water resourceExtreme of climatic conditions: Temp, RH, Rainfall, Wind velocityPrimitive stage of hi-tech horticultural activitiesLow farm incomeRequirement of Alternative farming system for sustainable Agril. Prodn.All these condition favours the Vast potential for Agro-textile
6Most of Agri-Horticultural activities governed by Sunlight & WaterClimatic Conditions including wind, hail, humidityExternal factors like birds, insects, weedsPost Harvest handling of produce – storage and packagingIn India, presently Agricultural Activities are carried out under Natural Conditions of Temperature and Humidity
7Absence of control factors leads to • Yield percentage is unsatisfactory• Quality of produce is marred• Damages to the produce• Regional limitation on cultivation• Seasonal limitation on cultivationAgro textiles are the best solutions to regulate these factors
8Agro Textile: An Introduction Special textiles that are manufactured for agricultural applicationsThese textile structures are used as controlling environment for plants/ animals in applications like– Agriculture– Horticulture– Animal husbandry
10Benefits of Agro-textile Products Provides favorable conditions for plant growthProtection of crop from adverse weather conditions and verminIncrease production in terms of quality and quantityOff season & year round production of particular crop is possibleDecrease crop diseases/ soil borne pathogensWater saving and its judicious useReduces Cost of ProductionReduces the pressure of chemicals in AgricultureCropped areas may be kept safe & tidyProvides weed suppression and ground moisture conservationProvides favourable conditions to roots to breathe and water, air and nutrients to permeate through
12Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net House About 1.8 lac Sqm Area under RKVYThrough Department of HorticultureAssistance: 75 to 90 %
13Nursery under Insect nets/ Anti vector nets Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net HouseNursery under Insect nets/ Anti vector netsKherwadi, JaipurRatan puraKhijuria Tiwadiyan
14Coloured Capsicum Production 2009-10 Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net HouseColoured Capsicum ProductionBassi, Jaipur
15Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net House Coloured capsicum
16Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net House Cucumber productionNindad, Jaipur
17Vegetable Cultivation under Shade Net House Sweet cornChukandarOkraTomatoNindad, Jaipur
18Flower Cultivation under Poly / Green House Through Horticulture Department under NHMCoverage of about 1.5 lac SqmAssistance: 50 to 75 %
19Flower Cultivation under Green House Sawai Madhopur
20Vegetable Cultivation with Mulching Water Melon: Jhunjhunu
21Vegetable Cultivation with Mulching Shade net house
22Vegetable Cultivation with Agro-textile support Protected cultivation
23Vegetable Cultivation with Agro-textile support Cucurbits: Bassi
24Anti Bird NetBird problem is a menace for our farmer especially for high value fruits and vegetables. The whole project of pomegranate has been linked with anti bird nets in the state. The department is providing assistance up to 75% to promote these technologies.
26Agro-textiles – the potential in Rajasthan – Shade NetsYear round production of high value crops/ vegetables specially in peri urban areas with attractive farm income.A n initial potential of 5 lac sqm per year in the state– Mulch Mats –Controls evaporation, weeds, disease & pestsA potential of about ha per year specially for vegetable & fruitsAbout ha area under drip irrigation have the potential covered with mulch– Bird Protection NetsA potential of about 1000 per year exists for high value crops & vegetables– Harvesting NetsFor quality produce need of about 5 lac sqm harvesting nets per annumPacking materialFor all vegetale & fruit production specially for potato, garlic & onion
27Future prospective of Agro-textiles • Polymer fibre balls as substitute for soil• Screening fabrics for sunlight management• Knitted net hose for water transportation• Superabsorbent polymer fibre mats for water management in horticulture applications• Use of water retention nets coated with Superabsorbent polymer resinThe ground covers, sunscreen nets, plant nets, wind shields, monofil nets, root ball nets, insect meshes, weed control fabric, turf protection, tape nets and packing sacks/ nets are our next target products to be used in this sector.
29The Dire NeedAvailability of Agro textiles with a reasonable price and quality is the major hindrance to replicate the technology in vast potential areas.The Agro Textile products to be used in Rajasthan should have the quality of resistance against solar UV radiation, high temperatures and the high wind load.Market network in remote areas is a dire need.The product should be biodegradable.The product should have high potential to retain waterProduct awareness compaignsThe lack of technical specification/ parameter/ standards for Agro Textile products is another field which needs to be care of.
30Poor quality : not only requires frequent repairs but the crop inside the structure will also be destroyed
31Poor quality : not only requires frequent repairs but the crop inside the structure will also be destroyed
32SUGGESTED STUDY FIELDS FOR STANDARDIZATION OF AGROTEXTILES• Development of speciality fabric for water conservation and soil erosion control used in horticulture application.• Development of suitable coloured shade nets for different crops and growth stages.• Establishing structural parameters of agro-textile products and their influence on the functionalc haracteristics of these products.• Development of Reflective Agro-textiles for Sun Management.