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Understanding The Horticulture Industry

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding The Horticulture Industry"— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding The Horticulture Industry

2 Unit Essential Question
Why is the Horticulture industry so important?

3 Daily Essential Question
Why is the horticulture industry popular?

4 Warm-Up Each table has a grocery store advertisement.
Make a list of fruit and vegetables that you see in the advertisement

5 Objectives Describe the popularity of horticulture.
Explain the importance of the ornamental horticulture industry. Explain the importance of the olericulture industry. Explain the importance of the pomology industry.

6 What is Horticulture? Break down: Comes from the combination of horti meaning grass, and culture Definition: Industry and science dealing with the cultivation of plants What is cultivation? Growing of plants and crops

7 Why Horticulture?

8 Why Horticulture? Food! Landscape Berries Corn Nuts Vegetables Trees

9 Where did it all start? Remember history class?
Humans started as hunter-gatherers Constantly on the move! Started small scale horticulture Planted variety of crops in small area DIFFERS FROM AGRICULTURE ! Large scale Single crop Some cultures these crops were only tended by women

10 How did it get here? All crops were “moved” by humans
Majority of crops started in the CENTERS OF ORIGIN area around the world Label some of these places. What do you think comes from these places?

11 What happened next? Communities increased Larger crops needed!
Required more FOOD Larger crops needed! Industrial Age Machinery, large scale crop production

12 Where does it stand today?
Crop Acres harvested (million acres) $ earned (billions) Corn 72.7 15.1 Soybeans 12.5 Hay 59.9 3.4 Wheat 53 5.5 Cotton 13.1 4.6 Rice 3 1.2 What do you think this means for Horticulture Production ? What might influence these numbers?

13 So what’s the Big deal? Advantages in horticulture Increase in food
Increase in Jobs Increase in aesthetic pleasure What does aesthetic mean?

14 How far can you go in horticulture?
Possible Degrees Associate’s Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral

15 A few areas in the Ornamental Horticulture industry
Floriculture Multibillion dollar industry $4 billion market California and Florida are top producers Landscape Horticulture over $40 billion spent on landscape and gardening products in 1994 over $13 billion spent on professional landscape and lawn services in 1994

16 Olericulture production of vegetable food crops worth
over $14 billion of the U.S. farm receipts California leads in both fresh and processed vegetable production grown on 1 percent of the U.S. cropland Fruit utilizes land that cannot normally be used

17 Pomology production of fruit and nut crops
3.5 million acres of the U.S. are used to raise fruits and nuts the U.S. is one of the world’s top producers of fruits and nuts

18 Class Activities Side 1 of your worksheet will be completed individually Side 2 of your worksheet can be worked on as a group.

19 Closing Word Wall Exit Question Next Class Olericulture, Pomology
What is the environment and what are issues related to the environment? Next Class Impact of Horticulture on the environment

20 @ Home Research Project
Produce a 1 page double spaced summary about the origin of a crop. Cite Sources in APA style format. Pick one of the following crops (No repeats please!) Corn (maize), Soybean, Cucumbers, Onions, Tomatoes, Ginseng, Rice, Eggplant, Sesame, Sugar Cane, Bamboo, Nutmeg, Carrots, Celery, Peppermint, Lima bean, Peanut Encyclopedia ? Computer lab time?

21 Horticulture Industry Impact

22 Essential Question How is horticulture beneficial to the environment?

23 Warm- Up Define the term Describe your surrounding environment

24 Objectives 1. Explain environment and issues related to the environment. 2. Explain how horticulture is beneficial to the environment. 3. Explain how horticulture can damage the environment. 4. Identify how natural resources can be affected by horticultural practices. 5. Identify how chemicals used in horticulture can affect the environment.

25 What is an environment? Definition: the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time. Consists of: Biotic – living Abiotic- nonliving

26 Environment Continued
Horticulture can control and effect the: Macroenvironment - is the large atmosphere around a plant Microenvironment- is the area immediately surrounding a plant.

27 Public Demand How do your produce high quality at low cost?
Intensive land use IPM practices Biotech and Genetic Engineering

28 Horticultural Benefits
Recreational setting Golf courses Biological Prevent erosion, slow water runoff, absorb pollutants, control dust Landscaping Improves $ value of housing

29 Horticulture Impacts Pollution —harm caused to the environment by improperly applied chemicals Point source pollution —pollution from easily identifiable sources Nonpoint source pollution —pollution from few to many sources, it is not easily identifiable

30 The Hydrologic Cycle

31 How does the Hydrologic Cycle cause pollution?
Eutrophication is an overabundance of nutrients in lakes or streams, it is caused by excessive fertilizer running off of nearby fields. Most fertilizers are high in nitrogen

32 The Nitrogen Cycle

33 Nitrogen Cycle and Horticulture
When excess nitrogen is introduced to the nitrogen cycle and mixed with nitrates found in the soil, the result could be an increase in nitrates found in groundwater. Causes Human health concerns !

34 Pesticides: The main concern
What are they? Chemicals used to kill plant and animal pests Pesticide residue has been proven to: cause problems such as water contamination, emergence of resistant pest populations, and decline in certain bird populations. DDT

35 How do we fix this? Reduce the need for pesticides
Healthy plants do not need pesticides! Pesticides enter the environment in many ways Using pesticides properly can prevent leaching and surface runoff Plant buffer zones for filtration Protect areas around water sources from erosion

36 Class Activities Work Independently on side 1 of your worksheet.
Side 2 of your worksheet is due Friday. CITE YOUR SOURCES

37 Review Quiz! You can use your notes. NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR

38 Closing Word Wall Exit Question
Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source Exit Question What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?

39 Concept Map! Unit Name: Horticulture Industry
Unit EQ: Why is the Hort Industry so important? Vocab: Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source EQs: 1. Why is the Hort industry so popular? 2. How is the Hort industry beneficial to the environment?

40 Horticulture Careers

41 Essential Question What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?

42 Warm- Up Look at the classified on the website provided . Answer the following questions What types of job do you see? What do you think are some requirements for ONE of these jobs?

43 Objectives 1. List skills you should have to ensure success in a horticulture career. 2. Explain how to prepare for a horticulture career. 3. List examples of horticulture jobs and careers.

44 Horticulture Careers Require
Understanding of both science and business Mechanical skills Marketing skills Administrative skills Knowledge of legal aspects of business Why do you think all of these are important?

45 What is a career? Definition: is the direction a person’s life takes as related to their choice of work. A job is the work a person performs for a salary and benefits. An occupation is work that has a title and specified duties.

46 What does it take to be successful?
Productive Personal Skills person’s abilities to relate to others productively. Requires Setting and achieving goals Career goal: level of accomplishment a person wants to attain in a career.

47 What does it take to be successful continued…
Education Related to Plant and soil sciences, structures and functions AVAILABLE THROUGH FFA! Training Can receive training in high school

48 Horticulture CDEs in FFA
Forestry Nursery and Landscape Floriculture Agronomy Job interview

49 Career Areas in Horticulture
Nursery production: involves growing plants in containers or fields. Jobs include: propagator, inventory manager, field supervisor, manager, salesperson, sales manager, and shipping supervisor. Landscape Industry: prepares sites for landscaping and purchases the items needed for a landscape design. Jobs include: construction supervisor, designer, and salesperson.

50 Career Areas Continued…
Landscape Maintenance: involves caring for already established landscapes. Jobs include: crew supervisor, superintendent of operations, salesperson, and manager. Seed Production Jobs include: plant breeder, propagator, independent grower, sales manager, and salesperson.

51 Career Areas continued …
Garden Center: offer consumers plant materials and supplies needed to maintain a garden or landscape. Jobs include: buyer, landscape designer, plant technician, and manager.

52 Other areas for careers
Arboretum: is a natural setting of trees, shrubs, and vines Botanical Garden: plant collection habitat. Horticultural Garden: an arranged garden that contains a variety of horticulture plants. Jobs include: writer, researcher, propagator, educational director, librarian, director, curator, and greenhouse manager.

53 Floriculture Industry Careers
Floriculture Production Wholesale Florist Retail Florist Shop Jobs include: grower, production superintendent, marketing manager, and inventory controller, manager, buyer, and Salesperson, store manager, sales clerk, and designer.

54 Pomology and Olericulture
Production Marketing Jobs include: manager, field technician, sales agent and broker.

55 Turf Grass Management Sod Production Turfgrass establishment
Golf course design and maintenance

56 Other Possible Careers
Horticulture therapist, cooperative extension agent, horticultural specialist, consultant, teacher, research scientist, and plant inspector.

57 Class Activity What career is right for you?

58 Review Quiz! You may use your notes NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR!

59 Closing Word Wall Exit Question Next Class
Career, Career Goal, Personal Skills Exit Question Why is safety important in horticulture? Next Class Safety in Horticulture

60 Safety in Horticulture

61 Essential Question What is personal protective equipment?

62 Warm-Up What type of safety equipment does a football player wear?
What type of safety equipment does a scientist wear?

63 Objectives 1. Explain the importance of safety in horticulture.
2. Define personal protective equipment and give examples. 3. Identify safety precautions necessary when handling, applying, and storing chemicals.

64 Importance of Safety in Horticulture
How would you define being safe? How would you define safety? Safety in Horticulture includes safe practices to prevent injury and loss What do you think is meant by loss? Safe- free from harm

65 What could go wrong? Accidents are what? Hazards is defined as
Unpredictable, Unintentional More likely in Hazardous situations Hazards is defined as Dangers where risks are present Accidents= leading cause of death More than 900,000 / year

66 Areas of Concerns in Horticulture
Pest Control Safety with machinery Safety with tractors and large equipment What could prevent accidents ?

67 PPE Personal Protective Equipment
Worn to help protect people from injury

68 1. Eyes Eyes protection can vary with the type of job being performed.
What type of eye protection is available on school grounds?

69 2. Ears Protects ears Especially around loud machinery !

70 3. Lungs To protect lungs and respiratory pathways
When would you use respiration equipment in horticulture?

71 4. Skin and Body Worn to protect skin, body, and clothes
When would we use skin and body PPE?

72 Symbols to Know!

73 When to know safety in horticulture?
Before handling READ THE LABEL! All the information you need to know is there! When applying chemicals READ THE LABEL

74 WHY!? To protect the health of humans and animals and help protect the environment, it is important to store chemicals properly. Keep chemicals in well ventilated area, properly lighted, away from temperature extremes


76 All you need to know, is on the label!

77 Review Quiz! You may use your notes NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR!

78 Closing Word Wall Exit Question PPE
How will you protect yourself in the classroom when using horticulture products?

79 Review

80 Concepts Horticulture is important to health and the economy
Horticulture careers require knowledge of science and buisness Safety is everyone’s concern

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