2Unit Essential Question Why is the Horticulture industry so important?
3Daily Essential Question Why is the horticulture industry popular?
4Warm-Up Each table has a grocery store advertisement. Make a list of fruit and vegetables that you see in the advertisement
5Objectives Describe the popularity of horticulture. Explain the importance of the ornamental horticulture industry.Explain the importance of the olericulture industry.Explain the importance of the pomology industry.
6What is Horticulture?Break down: Comes from the combination of horti meaning grass, and cultureDefinition:Industry and science dealing with the cultivation of plantsWhat is cultivation?Growing of plants and crops
8Why Horticulture? Food! Landscape Berries Corn Nuts Vegetables Trees Shrubs
9Where did it all start? Remember history class? Humans started as hunter-gatherersConstantly on the move!Started small scale horticulturePlanted variety of crops in small areaDIFFERS FROM AGRICULTURE ! Large scale Single cropSome cultures these crops were only tended by women
10How did it get here? All crops were “moved” by humans Majority of crops started in the CENTERS OF ORIGIN area around the worldLabel some of these places. What do you think comes from these places?
11What happened next? Communities increased Larger crops needed! Required more FOODLarger crops needed!Industrial AgeMachinery, large scale crop production
12Where does it stand today? CropAcres harvested(million acres)$ earned(billions)Corn72.715.1Soybeans12.5Hay59.93.4Wheat535.5Cotton13.14.6Rice31.2What do you think this means for Horticulture Production ? What might influence these numbers?
13So what’s the Big deal? Advantages in horticulture Increase in food Increase in JobsIncrease in aesthetic pleasureWhat does aesthetic mean?
14How far can you go in horticulture? Possible DegreesAssociate’sBachelor’sMaster’sDoctoral
15A few areas in the Ornamental Horticulture industry FloricultureMultibillion dollar industry$4 billion marketCalifornia and Florida are top producersLandscape Horticultureover $40 billion spent on landscape and gardening products in 1994over $13 billion spent on professional landscape and lawn services in 1994
16Olericulture production of vegetable food crops worth over $14 billion of the U.S. farm receiptsCalifornia leads in both fresh and processed vegetable productiongrown on 1 percent of the U.S. croplandFruit utilizes land that cannot normally be used
17Pomology production of fruit and nut crops 3.5 million acres of the U.S. are used to raise fruits and nutsthe U.S. is one of the world’s top producers of fruits and nuts
18Class ActivitiesSide 1 of your worksheet will be completed individuallySide 2 of your worksheet can be worked on as a group.
19Closing Word Wall Exit Question Next Class Olericulture, Pomology What is the environment and what are issues related to the environment?Next ClassImpact of Horticulture on the environment
20@ Home Research Project Produce a 1 page double spaced summary about the origin of a crop. Cite Sources in APA style format.Pick one of the following crops (No repeats please!)Corn (maize), Soybean, Cucumbers, Onions, Tomatoes, Ginseng, Rice, Eggplant, Sesame, Sugar Cane, Bamboo, Nutmeg, Carrots, Celery, Peppermint, Lima bean, PeanutEncyclopedia ? Computer lab time?
22Essential QuestionHow is horticulture beneficial to the environment?
23Warm- Up Define the term Describe your surrounding environment
24Objectives1. Explain environment and issues related to the environment.2. Explain how horticulture is beneficial to the environment.3. Explain how horticulture can damage the environment.4. Identify how natural resources can be affected by horticultural practices.5. Identify how chemicals used in horticulture can affect the environment.
25What is an environment?Definition: the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time.Consists of:Biotic – livingAbiotic- nonliving
26Environment Continued Horticulture can control and effect the:Macroenvironment - is the large atmosphere around a plantMicroenvironment- is the area immediately surrounding a plant.
27Public Demand How do your produce high quality at low cost? Intensive land useIPM practicesBiotech and Genetic Engineering
28Horticultural Benefits Recreational settingGolf coursesBiologicalPrevent erosion, slow water runoff, absorb pollutants, control dustLandscapingImproves $ value of housing
29Horticulture ImpactsPollution —harm caused to the environment by improperly applied chemicalsPoint source pollution —pollution from easily identifiable sourcesNonpoint source pollution —pollution from few to many sources, it is not easily identifiable
31How does the Hydrologic Cycle cause pollution? Eutrophicationis an overabundance of nutrients in lakes or streams, it is caused by excessive fertilizer running off of nearby fields.Most fertilizers are high in nitrogen
33Nitrogen Cycle and Horticulture When excess nitrogen is introduced to the nitrogen cycle and mixed with nitrates found in the soil, the result could be an increase in nitrates found in groundwater.CausesHuman health concerns !
34Pesticides: The main concern What are they?Chemicals used to kill plant and animal pestsPesticide residue has been proven to:cause problems such as water contamination, emergence of resistant pest populations, and decline in certain bird populations.DDT
35How do we fix this? Reduce the need for pesticides Healthy plants do not need pesticides!Pesticides enter the environment in many waysUsing pesticides properly can prevent leaching and surface runoffPlant buffer zones for filtrationProtect areas around water sources from erosion
36Class Activities Work Independently on side 1 of your worksheet. Side 2 of your worksheet is due Friday.CITE YOUR SOURCES
37Review Quiz!You can use your notes.NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR
38Closing Word Wall Exit Question Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point SourceExit QuestionWhat are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?
39Concept Map! Unit Name: Horticulture Industry Unit EQ: Why is the Hort Industry so important?Vocab: Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point SourceEQs: 1. Why is the Hort industry so popular?2. How is the Hort industry beneficial to the environment?
41Essential QuestionWhat are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?
42Warm- UpLook at the classified on the website provided . Answer the following questionsWhat types of job do you see?What do you think are some requirements for ONE of these jobs?
43Objectives1. List skills you should have to ensure success in a horticulture career.2. Explain how to prepare for a horticulture career.3. List examples of horticulture jobs and careers.
44Horticulture Careers Require Understanding of both science and businessMechanical skillsMarketing skillsAdministrative skillsKnowledge of legal aspects of businessWhy do you think all of these are important?
45What is a career?Definition: is the direction a person’s life takes as related to their choice of work.A job is the work a person performs for a salary and benefits.An occupation is work that has a title and specified duties.
46What does it take to be successful? ProductivePersonal Skillsperson’s abilities to relate to others productively.RequiresSetting and achieving goalsCareer goal: level of accomplishment a person wants to attain in a career.
47What does it take to be successful continued… EducationRelated toPlant and soil sciences, structures and functionsAVAILABLE THROUGH FFA!TrainingCan receive training in high school
48Horticulture CDEs in FFA ForestryNursery and LandscapeFloricultureAgronomyJob interview
49Career Areas in Horticulture Nursery production: involves growing plants in containers or fields.Jobs include: propagator, inventory manager, field supervisor, manager, salesperson, sales manager, and shipping supervisor.Landscape Industry: prepares sites for landscaping and purchases the items needed for a landscape design.Jobs include: construction supervisor, designer, and salesperson.
50Career Areas Continued… Landscape Maintenance: involves caring for already established landscapes.Jobs include: crew supervisor, superintendent of operations, salesperson, and manager.Seed ProductionJobs include: plant breeder, propagator, independent grower, sales manager, and salesperson.
51Career Areas continued … Garden Center: offer consumers plant materials and supplies needed to maintain a garden or landscape.Jobs include: buyer, landscape designer, plant technician, and manager.
52Other areas for careers Arboretum: is a natural setting of trees, shrubs, and vinesBotanical Garden: plant collection habitat.Horticultural Garden: an arranged garden that contains a variety of horticulture plants.Jobs include: writer, researcher, propagator, educational director, librarian, director, curator, and greenhouse manager.
53Floriculture Industry Careers Floriculture ProductionWholesale FloristRetail Florist ShopJobs include: grower, production superintendent, marketing manager, and inventory controller, manager, buyer, and Salesperson, store manager, sales clerk, and designer.
54Pomology and Olericulture ProductionMarketingJobs include: manager, field technician, sales agent and broker.
55Turf Grass Management Sod Production Turfgrass establishment Golf course design and maintenance
56Other Possible Careers Horticulture therapist, cooperative extension agent, horticultural specialist, consultant, teacher, research scientist, and plant inspector.
61Essential QuestionWhat is personal protective equipment?
62Warm-Up What type of safety equipment does a football player wear? What type of safety equipment does a scientist wear?
63Objectives 1. Explain the importance of safety in horticulture. 2. Define personal protective equipment and give examples.3. Identify safety precautions necessary when handling, applying, and storing chemicals.
64Importance of Safety in Horticulture How would you define being safe?How would you define safety?Safety in Horticulture includes safe practices to prevent injury and lossWhat do you think is meant by loss?Safe- free from harm
65What could go wrong? Accidents are what? Hazards is defined as Unpredictable, UnintentionalMore likely in Hazardous situationsHazards is defined asDangers where risks are presentAccidents= leading cause of deathMore than 900,000 / year
66Areas of Concerns in Horticulture Pest ControlSafety with machinerySafety with tractors and large equipmentWhat could prevent accidents ?
67PPE Personal Protective Equipment Worn to help protect people from injury
681. Eyes Eyes protection can vary with the type of job being performed. What type of eye protection is available on school grounds?
692. EarsProtects earsEspecially around loud machinery !
703. Lungs To protect lungs and respiratory pathways When would you use respiration equipment in horticulture?
714. Skin and Body Worn to protect skin, body, and clothes When would we use skin and body PPE?
73When to know safety in horticulture? Before handlingREAD THE LABEL!All the information you need to know is there!When applying chemicalsREAD THE LABEL
74WHY!?To protect the health of humans and animals and help protect the environment, it is important to store chemicals properly.Keep chemicals in well ventilated area, properly lighted, away from temperature extremes