Unit Essential Question Why is the Horticulture industry so important?
Daily Essential Question Daily Essential Question Why is the horticulture industry popular?
Warm-Up Each table has a grocery store advertisement. Make a list of fruit and vegetables that you see in the advertisement
Objectives Describe the popularity of horticulture. Explain the importance of the ornamental horticulture industry. Explain the importance of the olericulture industry. Explain the importance of the pomology industry.
What is Horticulture? Break down: Comes from the combination of horti meaning grass, and culture Definition: Industry and science dealing with the cultivation of plants What is cultivation? Growing of plants and crops
Where did it all start? Remember history class? Humans started as hunter-gatherers Constantly on the move! Started small scale horticulture Planted variety of crops in small area DIFFERS FROM AGRICULTURE ! Large scale Single crop Some cultures these crops were only tended by women
How did it get here? All crops were “moved” by humans Majority of crops started in the CENTERS OF ORIGIN area around the world
What happened next? Communities increased Required more FOOD Larger crops needed! Industrial Age Machinery, large scale crop production
Where does it stand today? CropAcres harvested (million acres) $ earned (billions) Corn72.715.1 Soybeans72.712.5 Hay59.93.4 Wheat535.5 Cotton13.14.6 Rice31.2 What do you think this means for Horticulture Production ? What might influence these numbers?
So what’s the Big deal? Advantages in horticulture Increase in food Increase in Jobs Increase in aesthetic pleasure
How far can you go in horticulture? Possible Degrees Associate’s Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral
A few areas in the Ornamental Horticulture industry Floriculture Multibillion dollar industry $4 billion market California and Florida are top producers Landscape Horticulture over $40 billion spent on landscape and gardening products in 1994 over $13 billion spent on professional landscape and lawn services in 1994
Olericulture production of vegetable food crops worth over $14 billion of the U.S. farm receipts California leads in both fresh and processed vegetable production grown on 1 percent of the U.S. cropland Fruit utilizes land that cannot normally be used
Pomology production of fruit and nut crops 3.5 million acres of the U.S. are used to raise fruits and nuts the U.S. is one of the world’s top producers of fruits and nuts
Class Activities Side 1 of your worksheet will be completed individually Side 2 of your worksheet can be worked on as a group.
Closing Word Wall Olericulture, Pomology Exit Question What is the environment and what are issues related to the environment? Next Class Impact of Horticulture on the environment
@ Home Research Project @ Home Research Project Produce a 1 page double spaced summary about the origin of a crop. Cite Sources in APA style format. Pick one of the following crops (No repeats please!) Corn (maize), Soybean, Cucumbers, Onions, Tomatoes, Ginseng, Rice, Eggplant, Sesame, Sugar Cane, Bamboo, Nutmeg, Carrots, Celery, Peppermint, Lima bean, Peanut
Essential Question How is horticulture beneficial to the environment?
Warm- Up Define the term Environment Describe your surrounding environment
Objectives 1. Explain environment and issues related to the environment. 2. Explain how horticulture is beneficial to the environment. 3. Explain how horticulture can damage the environment. 4. Identify how natural resources can be affected by horticultural practices. 5. Identify how chemicals used in horticulture can affect the environment.
What is an environment? Definition: the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time. Consists of: Biotic – living Abiotic- nonliving
Environment Continued Horticulture can control and effect the: Macroenvironment - is the large atmosphere around a plant Microenvironment- is the area immediately surrounding a plant.
Public Demand How do your produce high quality at low cost? Intensive land use IPM practices Biotech and Genetic Engineering
Horticultural Benefits Recreational setting Golf courses Biological Prevent erosion, slow water runoff, absorb pollutants, control dust Landscaping Improves $ value of housing
Horticulture Impacts Pollution —harm caused to the environment by improperly applied chemicals Point source pollution —pollution from easily identifiable sources Nonpoint source pollution —pollution from few to many sources, it is not easily identifiable
How does the Hydrologic Cycle cause pollution? Eutrophication is an overabundance of nutrients in lakes or streams, it is caused by excessive fertilizer running off of nearby fields. Most fertilizers are high in nitrogen
Nitrogen Cycle and Horticulture When excess nitrogen is introduced to the nitrogen cycle and mixed with nitrates found in the soil, the result could be an increase in nitrates found in groundwater. Causes Human health concerns !
Pesticides: The main concern What are they? Chemicals used to kill plant and animal pests Pesticide residue has been proven to: cause problems such as water contamination, emergence of resistant pest populations, and decline in certain bird populations. DDT
How do we fix this? Reduce the need for pesticides Healthy plants do not need pesticides! Pesticides enter the environment in many ways Using pesticides properly can prevent leaching and surface runoff Plant buffer zones for filtration Protect areas around water sources from erosion
Class Activities Work Independently on side 1 of your worksheet. Side 2 of your worksheet is due Friday. CITE YOUR SOURCES
Review Quiz! You can use your notes. NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR
Closing Word Wall Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source Exit Question What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?
Concept Map! Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source Vocab: Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source
Essential Question What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?
Warm- Up Look at the classified on the website provided. Answer the following questions What types of job do you see? What do you think are some requirements for ONE of these jobs?
Objectives 1. List skills you should have to ensure success in a horticulture career. 2. Explain how to prepare for a horticulture career. 3. List examples of horticulture jobs and careers.
Horticulture Careers Require Understanding of both science and business Mechanical skills Marketing skills Administrative skills Knowledge of legal aspects of business Why do you think all of these are important?
What is a career? Definition: is the direction a person’s life takes as related to their choice of work. A job is the work a person performs for a salary and benefits. An occupation is work that has a title and specified duties.
What does it take to be successful? Productive Personal Skills person’s abilities to relate to others productively. Requires Setting and achieving goals Career goal: level of accomplishment a person wants to attain in a career.
What does it take to be successful continued… Education Related to Plant and soil sciences, structures and functions AVAILABLE THROUGH FFA! Training Can receive training in high school
Horticulture CDEs in FFA Forestry Nursery and Landscape Floriculture Agronomy Job interview
Career Areas in Horticulture Nursery production: involves growing plants in containers or fields. Jobs include: propagator, inventory manager, field supervisor, manager, salesperson, sales manager, and shipping supervisor. Landscape Industry: prepares sites for landscaping and purchases the items needed for a landscape design. Jobs include: construction supervisor, designer, and salesperson.
Career Areas Continued… Landscape Maintenance: involves caring for already established landscapes. Jobs include: crew supervisor, superintendent of operations, salesperson, and manager. Seed Production Jobs include: plant breeder, propagator, independent grower, sales manager, and salesperson.
Career Areas continued … Garden Center: offer consumers plant materials and supplies needed to maintain a garden or landscape. Jobs include: buyer, landscape designer, plant technician, and manager.
Other areas for careers Arboretum: is a natural setting of trees, shrubs, and vines Botanical Garden: plant collection habitat. Horticultural Garden: an arranged garden that contains a variety of horticulture plants. Jobs include: writer, researcher, propagator, educational director, librarian, director, curator, and greenhouse manager.
Floriculture Industry Careers Floriculture Production Wholesale Florist Retail Florist Shop Jobs include: grower, production superintendent, marketing manager, and inventory controller, manager, buyer, and Salesperson, store manager, sales clerk, and designer.
Pomology and Olericulture Production Marketing Jobs include: manager, field technician, sales agent and broker.
Turf Grass Management Sod Production Turfgrass establishment Golf course design and maintenance
Other Possible Careers Horticulture therapist, cooperative extension agent, horticultural specialist, consultant, teacher, research scientist, and plant inspector.
Class Activity What career is right for you? http://www.ffa.org/index.cfm?method =c_job.CareerSearch http://www.ffa.org/index.cfm?method =c_job.CareerSearch http://www.ffa.org/index.cfm?method =c_job.CareerSearch
Review Quiz! You may use your notes NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR!
Closing Word Wall Career, Career Goal, Personal Skills Exit Question Why is safety important in horticulture? Next Class Safety in Horticulture
Essential Question What is personal protective equipment?
Warm-Up What type of safety equipment does a football player wear? What type of safety equipment does a scientist wear?
Objectives 1. Explain the importance of safety in horticulture. 2. Define personal protective equipment and give examples. 3. Identify safety precautions necessary when handling, applying, and storing chemicals.
Importance of Safety in Horticulture How would you define being safe? How would you define safety? Safety in Horticulture includes safe practices to prevent injury and loss What do you think is meant by loss?
What could go wrong? Accidents are what? Unpredictable, Unintentional More likely in Hazardous situations Hazards is defined as Dangers where risks are present Accidents= leading cause of death More than 900,000 / year
Areas of Concerns in Horticulture Pest Control Safety with machinery Safety with tractors and large equipment What could prevent accidents ?
PPE Personal Protective Equipment Worn to help protect people from injury
1. Eyes Eyes protection can vary with the type of job being performed. What type of eye protection is available on school grounds?
2. Ears Protects ears Especially around loud machinery !
3. Lungs To protect lungs and respiratory pathways When would you use respiration equipment in horticulture?
4. Skin and Body Worn to protect skin, body, and clothes When would we use skin and body PPE?
When to know safety in horticulture? Before handling READ THE LABEL! All the information you need to know is there! When applying chemicals READ THE LABEL
WHY!? To protect the health of humans and animals and help protect the environment, it is important to store chemicals properly. Keep chemicals in well ventilated area, properly lighted, away from temperature extremes