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Understanding The Horticulture Industry PLSC. Unit Essential Question  Why is the Horticulture industry so important?

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding The Horticulture Industry PLSC. Unit Essential Question  Why is the Horticulture industry so important?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding The Horticulture Industry PLSC

2 Unit Essential Question  Why is the Horticulture industry so important?

3 Daily Essential Question Daily Essential Question  Why is the horticulture industry popular?

4 Warm-Up  Each table has a grocery store advertisement.  Make a list of fruit and vegetables that you see in the advertisement

5 Objectives  Describe the popularity of horticulture.  Explain the importance of the ornamental horticulture industry.  Explain the importance of the olericulture industry.  Explain the importance of the pomology industry.

6 What is Horticulture?  Break down: Comes from the combination of horti meaning grass, and culture  Definition:  Industry and science dealing with the cultivation of plants  What is cultivation?  Growing of plants and crops

7 Why Horticulture?

8  Food!  Berries  Corn  Nuts  Vegetables  Landscape  Trees  Shrubs

9 Where did it all start?  Remember history class?  Humans started as hunter-gatherers  Constantly on the move!  Started small scale horticulture  Planted variety of crops in small area  DIFFERS FROM AGRICULTURE ! Large scale Single crop  Some cultures these crops were only tended by women

10 How did it get here?  All crops were “moved” by humans  Majority of crops started in the CENTERS OF ORIGIN area around the world

11 What happened next?  Communities increased  Required more FOOD  Larger crops needed!  Industrial Age  Machinery, large scale crop production

12 Where does it stand today? CropAcres harvested (million acres) $ earned (billions) Corn72.715.1 Soybeans72.712.5 Hay59.93.4 Wheat535.5 Cotton13.14.6 Rice31.2 What do you think this means for Horticulture Production ? What might influence these numbers?

13 So what’s the Big deal?  Advantages in horticulture  Increase in food  Increase in Jobs  Increase in aesthetic pleasure

14 How far can you go in horticulture?  Possible Degrees  Associate’s  Bachelor’s  Master’s  Doctoral

15 A few areas in the Ornamental Horticulture industry  Floriculture  Multibillion dollar industry  $4 billion market  California and Florida are top producers  Landscape Horticulture  over $40 billion spent on landscape and gardening products in 1994  over $13 billion spent on professional landscape and lawn services in 1994

16 Olericulture  production of vegetable food crops worth  over $14 billion of the U.S. farm receipts  California leads in both fresh and processed vegetable production  grown on 1 percent of the U.S. cropland  Fruit utilizes land that cannot normally be used

17 Pomology  production of fruit and nut crops  3.5 million acres of the U.S. are used to raise fruits and nuts  the U.S. is one of the world’s top producers of fruits and nuts

18 Class Activities  Side 1 of your worksheet will be completed individually  Side 2 of your worksheet can be worked on as a group.

19 Closing  Word Wall  Olericulture, Pomology  Exit Question  What is the environment and what are issues related to the environment?  Next Class  Impact of Horticulture on the environment

20 @ Home Research Project @ Home Research Project  Produce a 1 page double spaced summary about the origin of a crop. Cite Sources in APA style format.  Pick one of the following crops (No repeats please!)  Corn (maize), Soybean, Cucumbers, Onions, Tomatoes, Ginseng, Rice, Eggplant, Sesame, Sugar Cane, Bamboo, Nutmeg, Carrots, Celery, Peppermint, Lima bean, Peanut

21 Horticulture Industry Impact

22 Essential Question  How is horticulture beneficial to the environment?

23 Warm- Up  Define the term  Environment  Describe your surrounding environment

24 Objectives  1. Explain environment and issues related to the environment.  2. Explain how horticulture is beneficial to the environment.  3. Explain how horticulture can damage the environment.  4. Identify how natural resources can be affected by horticultural practices.  5. Identify how chemicals used in horticulture can affect the environment.

25 What is an environment?  Definition: the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time.  Consists of:  Biotic – living  Abiotic- nonliving

26 Environment Continued  Horticulture can control and effect the:  Macroenvironment - is the large atmosphere around a plant  Microenvironment- is the area immediately surrounding a plant.

27 Public Demand  How do your produce high quality at low cost?  Intensive land use  IPM practices  Biotech and Genetic Engineering

28 Horticultural Benefits  Recreational setting  Golf courses  Biological  Prevent erosion, slow water runoff, absorb pollutants, control dust  Landscaping  Improves $ value of housing

29 Horticulture Impacts  Pollution —harm caused to the environment by improperly applied chemicals  Point source pollution —pollution from easily identifiable sources  Nonpoint source pollution —pollution from few to many sources, it is not easily identifiable

30 The Hydrologic Cycle

31 How does the Hydrologic Cycle cause pollution?  Eutrophication  is an overabundance of nutrients in lakes or streams, it is caused by excessive fertilizer running off of nearby fields.  Most fertilizers are high in nitrogen

32 The Nitrogen Cycle

33 Nitrogen Cycle and Horticulture  When excess nitrogen is introduced to the nitrogen cycle and mixed with nitrates found in the soil, the result could be an increase in nitrates found in groundwater.  Causes  Human health concerns !

34 Pesticides: The main concern  What are they?  Chemicals used to kill plant and animal pests  Pesticide residue has been proven to:  cause problems such as water contamination, emergence of resistant pest populations, and decline in certain bird populations.  DDT

35 How do we fix this?  Reduce the need for pesticides  Healthy plants do not need pesticides!  Pesticides enter the environment in many ways  Using pesticides properly can prevent leaching and surface runoff  Plant buffer zones for filtration  Protect areas around water sources from erosion

36 Class Activities  Work Independently on side 1 of your worksheet.  Side 2 of your worksheet is due Friday.  CITE YOUR SOURCES

37 Review Quiz!  You can use your notes.  NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR

38 Closing  Word Wall  Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source  Exit Question  What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?

39 Concept Map! Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source Vocab: Olericulture, Pomology, Eutrophication, Abiotic, Biotic, Pollution, Non Point, Point Source

40 Horticulture Careers

41 Essential Question  What are skills you should possess to be successful in a horticulture career?

42 Warm- Up  Look at the classified on the website provided. Answer the following questions  What types of job do you see?  What do you think are some requirements for ONE of these jobs?

43 Objectives  1. List skills you should have to ensure success in a horticulture career.  2. Explain how to prepare for a horticulture career.  3. List examples of horticulture jobs and careers.

44 Horticulture Careers  Require  Understanding of both science and business  Mechanical skills  Marketing skills  Administrative skills  Knowledge of legal aspects of business  Why do you think all of these are important?

45 What is a career?  Definition: is the direction a person’s life takes as related to their choice of work.  A job is the work a person performs for a salary and benefits.  An occupation is work that has a title and specified duties.

46 What does it take to be successful?  Productive  Personal Skills  person’s abilities to relate to others productively.  Requires  Setting and achieving goals  Career goal: level of accomplishment a person wants to attain in a career.

47 What does it take to be successful continued…  Education  Related to  Plant and soil sciences, structures and functions  AVAILABLE THROUGH FFA!  Training  Can receive training in high school

48 Horticulture CDEs in FFA  Forestry  Nursery and Landscape  Floriculture  Agronomy  Job interview

49 Career Areas in Horticulture  Nursery production: involves growing plants in containers or fields.  Jobs include: propagator, inventory manager, field supervisor, manager, salesperson, sales manager, and shipping supervisor.  Landscape Industry: prepares sites for landscaping and purchases the items needed for a landscape design.  Jobs include: construction supervisor, designer, and salesperson.

50 Career Areas Continued…  Landscape Maintenance: involves caring for already established landscapes.  Jobs include: crew supervisor, superintendent of operations, salesperson, and manager.  Seed Production  Jobs include: plant breeder, propagator, independent grower, sales manager, and salesperson.

51 Career Areas continued …  Garden Center: offer consumers plant materials and supplies needed to maintain a garden or landscape.  Jobs include: buyer, landscape designer, plant technician, and manager.

52 Other areas for careers  Arboretum: is a natural setting of trees, shrubs, and vines  Botanical Garden: plant collection habitat.  Horticultural Garden: an arranged garden that contains a variety of horticulture plants.  Jobs include: writer, researcher, propagator, educational director, librarian, director, curator, and greenhouse manager.

53 Floriculture Industry Careers  Floriculture Production  Wholesale Florist  Retail Florist Shop  Jobs include: grower, production superintendent, marketing manager, and inventory controller, manager, buyer, and Salesperson, store manager, sales clerk, and designer.

54 Pomology and Olericulture  Production  Marketing  Jobs include: manager, field technician, sales agent and broker.

55 Turf Grass Management  Sod Production  Turfgrass establishment  Golf course design and maintenance

56 Other Possible Careers  Horticulture therapist, cooperative extension agent, horticultural specialist, consultant, teacher, research scientist, and plant inspector.

57 Class Activity  What career is right for you?  =c_job.CareerSearch =c_job.CareerSearch =c_job.CareerSearch

58 Review Quiz!  You may use your notes  NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR!

59 Closing  Word Wall  Career, Career Goal, Personal Skills  Exit Question  Why is safety important in horticulture?  Next Class  Safety in Horticulture

60 Safety in Horticulture

61 Essential Question  What is personal protective equipment?

62 Warm-Up  What type of safety equipment does a football player wear?  What type of safety equipment does a scientist wear?

63 Objectives  1. Explain the importance of safety in horticulture.  2. Define personal protective equipment and give examples.  3. Identify safety precautions necessary when handling, applying, and storing chemicals.

64 Importance of Safety in Horticulture  How would you define being safe?  How would you define safety?  Safety in Horticulture includes safe practices to prevent injury and loss  What do you think is meant by loss?

65 What could go wrong?  Accidents are what?  Unpredictable, Unintentional  More likely in Hazardous situations  Hazards is defined as  Dangers where risks are present  Accidents= leading cause of death  More than 900,000 / year

66 Areas of Concerns in Horticulture  Pest Control  Safety with machinery  Safety with tractors and large equipment  What could prevent accidents ?

67 PPE Personal Protective Equipment  Worn to help protect people from injury

68 1. Eyes  Eyes protection can vary with the type of job being performed.  What type of eye protection is available on school grounds?

69 2. Ears  Protects ears  Especially around loud machinery !

70 3. Lungs  To protect lungs and respiratory pathways  When would you use respiration equipment in horticulture?

71 4. Skin and Body  Worn to protect skin, body, and clothes  When would we use skin and body PPE?

72 Symbols to Know!

73 When to know safety in horticulture?  Before handling  READ THE LABEL!  All the information you need to know is there!  When applying chemicals  READ THE LABEL

74 WHY!?  To protect the health of humans and animals and help protect the environment, it is important to store chemicals properly.  Keep chemicals in well ventilated area, properly lighted, away from temperature extremes


76 All you need to know, is on the label!

77 Review Quiz!  You may use your notes  NOT YOUR NEIGHBOR!

78 Closing  Word Wall  PPE  Exit Question  How will you protect yourself in the classroom when using horticulture products?

79 Review

80 Concepts   Horticulture is important to health and the economy   Horticulture careers require knowledge of science and buisness   Safety is everyone’s concern

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