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Learning Objectives © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. LO3Classify accounts as assets, liabilities, or owner’s equity and demonstrate their relationship in the accounting equation. LO4Analyze the effects of transactions on the accounting equation. LO5Distinguish between cash and on account transactions.
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. The Business—Delgado Web Services ●A business that performs an activity for a fee is called a service business. ●A proprietorship is a business owned by one person. ●A proprietorship is sometimes referred to as a sole proprietorship. ●A business plan is a formal written document that describes the nature of a business and how it will operate. Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 2
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Accounting Standards and Rules ●The standards and rules that accountants follow while recording and reporting financial activities are commonly referred to as generally accepted accounting principles or GAAP. Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 3
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. The Accounting Equation ●Financial rights to the assets of a business are called equities. ●The amount remaining after the value of all liabilities is subtracted from the value of all assets is called owner’s equity. ●The equation showing the relationship among assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity is called the accounting equation. LO3 Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 4
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. The Accounting Equation LO3 Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 5
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Receiving Cash ●Accountants call any business activity that changes assets, liabilities, or owner’s equity a transaction. ●A record that summarizes all the transactions pertaining to a single item in the accounting equation is called an account. ●The name given to an account is called an account title. ●The difference between the increases and decreases in an account is called the account balance. ●An account used to summarize the owner’s equity in a business is called a capital account. LO4 Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 6
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Receiving Cash LO4 Transaction 1 January 2. Received cash from owner as an investment, $2, Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 7
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Transaction 3 January 3. Paid cash for insurance, $ Paying Cash Transaction 2 January 2. Paid cash for supplies, $ LO4 Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 8
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Transactions on Account ●A person or business to whom a liability is owed is called a creditor. LO5 Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 9
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Transactions on Account LO5 Transaction 5 January 9. Paid cash on account to Canyon Office Supplies, $ Transaction 4 January 5. Bought supplies on account from Canyon Office Supplies, $ Lesson 1-2 SLIDE 10
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 1-2 Audit Your Understanding 1.Give two examples of service businesses in your area. SLIDE 11 ANSWER Answers should include businesses that perform activities for a fee, such as dry cleaners, car washes, or landscapers. Lesson 1-2
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 1-2 Audit Your Understanding 2.What must be done if a transaction increases the left side of the equation? SLIDE 12 ANSWER The right side must also be increased. Lesson 1-2
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 1-2 Audit Your Understanding 3.How can a transaction affect only one side of the equation? SLIDE 13 ANSWER If one account is increased, another account on the same side of the equation must be decreased by the same amount. Lesson 1-2
© 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 1-2 Audit Your Understanding 4.What does the term on account mean? SLIDE 14 ANSWER Purchasing on account means buying items or services and paying for them at a future date. Lesson 1-2
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