Presentation on theme: "PREVENTING ABUSES IN THE CREDIT SYSTEM Business Law II Chapter 33 Debtors, Creditors and Bankruptcy."— Presentation transcript:
PREVENTING ABUSES IN THE CREDIT SYSTEM Business Law II Chapter 33 Debtors, Creditors and Bankruptcy
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act Enacted October 1974 Creditor may not refuse, on the basis of sex or marital status, to grant a separate account to a creditworthy applicant.
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act—continued A creditor may not ask the applicant’s marital status if the applicant applies for an unsecured separate account.
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act—continued A creditor may not prohibit a married female applicant from opening or maintaining an account in her maiden name.
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act—continued A creditor shall not request information about birth control practices, nor childbearing intentions, nor childbearing capabilities.
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act—continued Married persons with joint accounts have the right to have credit information reported in both names to provide credit history for both. In the past, upon divorce or upon death of the husband, the wife would often be denied credit because the joint account had been listed in the husband’s name only.
Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act—concluded For more details, visit –www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/credit/ecoa.htm
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act Prohibited practices include: –Harassment of debtors (as with a series of letters that contain menacing or threatening language, or with repeated telephone calls, especially at night)
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act--continued Statute added to Consumer Credit Protection Act in 1978 Prohibited practices include: –Abusive and profane language
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act--continued Prohibited practices include: –Threats of violence
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act--continued Prohibited practices include: –Contact with third parties (i.e. relatives, neighbors, friends, and employers)
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act--continued Prohibited practices include: –Communication with the debtor at work
Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act--concluded For more information, visit –www.ftc.gov/os/statutes/fdcpa/fdcpact.htm
Federal Fair Credit Billing Act Passed by Congress in 1974 to cover open-end credit accounts –Credit cards –Revolving charge accounts, etc.
Federal Fair Credit Billing Act--continued Creditors must mail bills at least 14 days before the due date; Must acknowledge billing inquiries within 30 days; Must settle any complaints within 90 days
Federal Fair Credit Billing Act--continued Creditors may not send repeated, insistent letters demanding payment until disputes over the billing are settled
Federal Fair Credit Billing Act--continued Credit card holders may withhold payment for items that prove defective without being held liable for the entire amount owed. Applies only for purchases of more than $50 made in the buyer’s state or within 100 miles of the buyer’s home.
Federal Fair Credit Billing Act--concluded For more information, visit –www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/credit/fcb.htm
Consumer Leasing Act Passed by Congress in 1976 –Legislation that requires lessors to disclose specific financial information about the terms of a lease, such as the monthly payment, the total amount of payments, and the allowance for a trade-in.
Consumer Leasing Act-- continued –The act also requires lessors to give an estimated value of the property, typically a car, at the end of the lease period.
Federal Fair Credit Reporting Act Regulates companies which review credit applicants Became law in 1970, but has been amended multiple times since Dictates how information can be collected, distributed, and used
Credit Repair Organizations Act April 1997 Regulates companies that help consumers “repair” their credit histories For more information, visit –http://www.fdic.gov/news/news/financial/2006 /fil06031.pdf
Federal Truth in Lending Act Part of the Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968 Requires full disclosure of interest and finance charges For more information, visit –http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/rules/65 00-200.html
Report all suspicious contacts to the Federal Trade Commission through the Internet at www.consumer.gov/idtheft or by calling 1-877-IDTHEFT. www.consumer.gov/idtheft