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Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Managing Your Credit.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Managing Your Credit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Managing Your Credit

2 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-2 Chapter Objectives Provide a background on credit Explain the key characteristics of credit cards Offer tips on using credit cards

3 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-3 Background on Credit Credit: funds provided by a creditor to a borrower that will be repaid by the borrower in the future with interest Advantages of using credit –Ability to purchase when price exceeds available cash Purchase home, car, pay tuition –Convenience

4 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-4 Background on Credit Disadvantages of using credit –Difficulty making payments –Temptation for impulse purchases –Hinders ability to save –Expensive

5 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-5 Financial Planning Online: Personal Credit Counseling Go to This Web site provides information on how to establish, use, and protect credit.

6 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-6 Background on Credit Exhibit 7.1: Impact of Credit Payments on Saving

7 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-7 Background on Credit Establish a credit history –Often begins with timely payment of utility bills Impact of the interest rate on credit payments –Simple interest rate: the percentage of credit that must be paid as interest on an annual basis

8 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-8 Background on Credit Exhibit 7.2: How Interest Payments Are Influenced by Interest Rates

9 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-9 Background on Credit Exhibit 7.2: How Interest Payments Are Influenced by Interest Rates

10 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-10 Background on Credit –Annual percentage rate (APR): the simple interest rate including any fees charged by the creditor Allows comparison among potential lenders

11 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-11 Credit Cards Applying for a credit card — potential creditors obtain information from you, about you, and about the economy –Personal information Cash inflows Cash outflows Credit history Capital Collateral

12 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-12 Credit Cards Credit check –Credit report: a statement of creditworthiness based on information such as whether you have made late payments, and any unpaid current bills –Credit scoring often determines whether or not you are approved for credit

13 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-13 Credit Cards –Interpreting credit ratings High ratings usually provide easy credit approval How ratings make obtaining credit difficult

14 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-14 Financial Planning Online: Your Credit Card Report Go to: This Web site provides a credit report that assesses your creditworthiness. The report is available to you online for a small fee.

15 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-15 Credit Cards Focus on Ethics: Guarding your financial information –Financial institutions must provide privacy policies telling what information they collect and what information they intend to share –Evaluate your credit report regularly –Creditors may also consider debt level and economic situation

16 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-16 Credit Cards –The credit decision You should receive a reply within 30 days If you are rejected, the creditor must give an explanation Laws prohibit discrimination in credit based on race or gender Creditors may not consider criminal records, political preferences, or religion

17 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-17 Credit Cards Types of credit cards –Visa, MasterCard and American Express most popular –Visa and MasterCard allow partial payments –American Express requires full payments

18 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-18 Credit Cards –Retail (or proprietary) credit card: a credit card that is honored by a specific retail establishment Retail stores and gas stations Limits purchases to a single merchant Credit limit — maximum amount of credit allowed Annual fee Incentives to use the card

19 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-19 Financial Planning Online: Estimating Your Future Credit Card Payments Go to: sellingtools/calculators sellingtools/calculators Click on: “Credit Card” then “How Important is the Interest Rate?” This Web site provides estimates of your future credit card payments.

20 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-20 Credit Cards Prestige cards: credit cards, such as gold or platinum cards, issued by a financial institution to individuals who have an exceptional credit standing Grace period — period between time of purchase and when payment is due Cash advances –Usually charge high interest plus a fee

21 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-21 Credit Cards Interest rate — usually between 15 and 20 percent –Finance charge: the interest that you must pay as a result of using credit Credit card statement details differences in new balance and previous balance

22 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-22 Credit Cards Comparing credit cards –Acceptance by merchants –Annual fee –Interest rate Watch for “teaser rates” –Maximum limit

23 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-23 Financial Planning Online: Your Rights When Using Credit Go to: Click on: “Project Money $mart,” then “Your Credit Rights: How the Law Protects You” under the heading “Using Credit Wisely.” This Web site provides information about various laws that protect your rights when using credit.

24 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-24 Tips on Using Credit Cards Use a credit card only if you can cover the bill Impose a tight credit limit Pay credit card bills before investing money Use savings if necessary to pay the credit card bill on time If you cannot avoid credit card debt, pay it off before other debt

25 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-25 Tips on Using Credit Cards Avoid credit repair services Avoid credit card fraud Deter identity theft

26 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-26 Financial Planning Online: The Best Credit Card for You Go to: cc_home.asp cc_home.asp This Web site provides links to help you get the best overall credit card rate, the lowest introductory rate, frequent flier credit cards, and other special features.

27 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-27 Tips on Using Credit Cards Exhibit 7.3: Self-Imposed Credit Limit Based on Monthly Cash Inflows

28 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-28 Tips on Using Credit Cards Exhibit 7.4: Self-Imposed Credit Limit Based on Monthly Cash Inflows and a Monthly Savings Goal

29 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-29 Dealing With Credit Debt If you find yourself with excessive credit card debt –Spend as little as possible –Consider ways to increase income –Borrow from a family member –Get a debt consolidation loan –Sell assets for cash –Reduce everyday expenses

30 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-30 Dealing With Credit Debt –If all else fails you may need to file for personal bankruptcy Chapter 7 allows the discharge of almost all debts, but also have to surrender assets to pay debt Chapter 13 allows you to keep your assets, but the court takes control of your finances and devised a 3 – 5 year repayment plan

31 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-31 Financial Planning Online: Establishing and Protecting Credit Go to: Click on: Project Money $mart, then Spend Wisely on the right hand side of the page This Web site provides information about establishing, using, and protecting your credit.

32 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-32 Financial Planning Online: Estimating the Time Necessary to Pay Off Your Balance Go to: sellingtools/calculatorshttp://www.financenter.com/products/ sellingtools/calculators Click on: “Budget,” then “What will it take to pay off my balance?” This Web site provides an estimate of the number of payments you need to make to pay off your credit card balance.

33 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-33 Financial Planning Online: Identity Theft Go to: This Web site provides information on how thieves can steal your identity and how you can prevent identity theft.

34 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-34 How Credit Management Fits Within Your Financial Plan Key credit management decisions for your financial plan are: –What limit should you impose on your credit card? –When should you use credit?

35 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-35 Integrating Key Concepts

36 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-36 Integrating Key Concepts Part 1: Financial Planning Tools Part 2: Liquidity Management –In Chapter 5 we learned about banking and interest rates –In Chapter 6 we learned about managing your money –In Chapter 7 we learned about managing your credit Part 3: Financing Part 4: Protecting Your Wealth Part 5: Investing Part 6: Retirement and Estate Planning

37 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.7-37 Finance Payment Methods Previous Balance Method –Interest charged on the balance at the beginning of the new billing period Average Daily Balance Method –Interest charged on average daily balance at the end of every day in the billing period Adjusted Balance Method –Interest is charged based on the balance at the end of the new billing period


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