Presentation on theme: "Objective 3: Explain legal issues and legal terminology."— Presentation transcript:
1Objective 3: Explain legal issues and legal terminology. Risk ManagementObjective 3: Explain legal issues and legal terminology.Injury is damage to the body that restricts activity and/or causes disability.Those who participate in sports and other physical activities, risk sustaining an injury.Sports Medicine professionals should try to minimize the risk of injury as much as possible.
2Risk Management: Types of Sports COLLISIONAthletes use their body to deter or punish opponents. (Intent of the sport.)Risk of injury relatively high.Ice HockeyFootballRugby
3Risk Management: Types of Sports CONTACTContact occurs, but is not the intent of the sport and discouraged by rules.Traumatic and overuse injuries are common.BasketballBaseballField HockeyLacrosseRodeoSoccerSoftballWater PoloWrestling
4Risk Management: Types of Sports NON-CONTACTSports where players are separated such that contact is unlikely without violation.Acute, traumatic injuries still occur, but the incidence of chronic, overuse related injury is greater.ArcheryBadmitonBowlingCrew/rowingCross country runningCurlingFencingGolfGymnasticsSkiing/SnowboardingSquashSwimmingDivingTennisTrack & FieldVolleyball
5Legal Terminology Assumption of Risk It is assumed that an individual who participates in an activity and is injured as a result of the ordinary risk associated at the activity will not have grounds for negligence.
6Legal TerminologyBatteryTouching someone without their permission.
7Legal Terminology Commission & Omission Doing something (commission) or failing to do something (omission) that a reasonable person would or would not do under similar circumstances.
8Legal Terminology Failure to Warn Failing to inform a participant of potential risks and dangers. When dealing with minors, failing to warn parents or obtaining consent.
9Legal Terminology HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability ActLaw that mandated four main areas of change for business in the health care industry.Privacy of health informationStandards for electronic transactions of health information and claims.Security of electronic health information.National identifiers for providers.
10Legal Terminology Informed Consent Being informed of all procedures and the potential risks and benefits of each.
11Legal Terminology Liability The legal responsibility to act in a reasonable and prudent manner. Failure to perform in such a manner makes you legally liable.
12Legal Terminology Malpractice When an individual commits a negligent act while providing care.
13Legal Terminology Negligence Failure to use ordinary or reasonable care. In order to prove, four basic elements must be shown:Duty of care – an individual has the responsibility to provide care.Breach of duty – conduct of provider falls short of that duty. Usually commission or omission.Injury or damage – results of the breach of duty.Proximate cause – the injury or damage directly related to the breach of duty.
14Legal Terminology Standard of Care Provides reasonable and prudent care expected as compared to someone with similar education and experience.
15Risk????In your row, (group of 3-4) Take out a piece of paper and write all your names at the top.Think of and write down 5 strategies that can be used to reduce risk in an athletic training setting?
16Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Clinician Risk ReductionBe familiar with medical histories of athletes, clients, or patients.Carry liability insurance.Be informed and current in changes in the standard of care through continuing education.
17Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Clinician Risk Reduction (con’t)Demonstrate appropriate documentation.Implement a comprehensive record-keeping system.Critical in litigation, as well as with communication between members of sports medicine team.Pre-participation exams, insurance forms, personal data, rehab programs, progress charts, etc.In a legal situation, “if it wasn’t written down, it didn’t happen”!Injury reporting forms and injury tracking software are available online.
18Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Clinician Risk Reduction (con’t)SOAP Format – a medical documentation methodS = Subjective: Information that the patient reports.O= Objective: Information that can be measured and expressed in a standard format.A= Assessment: What decisions are made with the information gathered.P = Plan: Course of treatment to be carried out.
19Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Clinician Risk Reduction (con’t)Follow physician’s orders and recommendations.Have an Emergency Action Plan:Develop separate EAP for each field, gym, court, etc.Include policies for removal of protective equipment.Emergency communication needed.Have keys to doors, gates or padlocks easily accessible.Hold an annual meeting with all involved to review EAP.Carry contact information for athletes and coaches at all times.
20Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Clinician Risk Reduction (con’t)Always stay within your scope of practice.Maintain qualified and adequate supervision of facilities, employees, and equipment.Maintain good rapport with athletes, parents, coaches, physicians, clients and colleagues. (Sports Medicine Team)
21Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Sports medicine professionals must act at all times with the highest standards of conduct and integrity.Ethics can be defined as a system of moral principles or standards governing conduct and knowledge of right and wrong.
23Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)Federal legislation that opens up services, facilities, and opportunities to people with disabilities.
24Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Fair Play and SportsmanshipMany people believe fair play and sportsmanship to be the “golden rule” of the sports world.Some ethical issues related to fair play/sportsmanship include:CheatingPerformance Enhancing DrugsDrug Testing
25Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues: Fair Play and Sportsmanship CheatingManifests itself in several ways in the world of athletics.Is victory due to training and talent, or cheating?The pressure of failing is too much to deal with. No one wants to be a failure.
26Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues: Fair Play and Sportsmanship Performance Enhancing DrugsSubstances used for the express purpose to perform better athletically.
27Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues: Fair Play and Sportsmanship Drug TestingA common tool used to try to deter the use of performance enhancing drugs.
28Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Scope of PracticeEach career area has guideline regarding what you can and cannot do. Make sure you are staying within the boundaries of your training and complying with local and federal laws.
29Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Title IX - Gender EquityAn addition to the 14th Amendment in No person shall be excluded on the basis of gender or be denied the benefit of any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
30Ethical Conduct and Associated Issues Winning At All CostsOur cultural traditions value winning, and why not since it is part of the reason sports exist. What we fail to teach our children, students, athletes, and society in general is that the honest pursuit of anything carries with it the responsibility to do it right.