3Presentation Outline Description of the homeland security field. U.S. DHS and other types of fields this area of study prepares students to enter.Profile of students enrolled in security technologies and resiliency studies.Job prospects and salary information for graduates in this field.PLUS Educational Opportunities – DHS National Center of Excellence for “Port Security”
4Careers in Homeland Security The field of Homeland Security has many unique career opportunities that will challenge the mind and reward professional skills and talents.As a Homeland Security employee, individuals help secure our borders, airports, seaports and waterways; research and develop the latest security technologies; respond to natural disasters or terrorists assaults; and analyze intelligence reports and respond to emergencies.
5Major Career Areas First Responders Law Enforcement Intelligence CommunityOperations StaffPlanners and AnalystsScientist and EngineersCyber Security
6U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Associated Agencies An OverviewOf the U.S.AdministrationU.S. Department of Homeland Security and Associated Agencies
7Security Legislation USA PATRIOT Act Homeland Security Act Passed in October 2001Reauthorized in March 2006Wide ranging act designed to expand authority of law enforcement agencies and officials in fighting terrorismHomeland Security ActPassed in November 2002Created the Department of Homeland SecurityUSA PATRIOT Act is actually titled: The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act
8Transportation Security Legislation Aviation and Transportation Security ActPassed in November 2001Created Transportation Security AdministrationRequired federal passenger screeners and screening of baggage for explosivesMaritime Transportation Security ActPassed in November 2002Port security regulations for access control, background checks, vessel and facility security plans and performance standards for sealsBesides screening passengers and baggage, the FAA now also requires that all cockpit doors are reinforced.
9Transportation Security Legislation Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004Allows nation’s intelligence organizations to become more unified and coordinatedTitle IV addresses transportation securityTitle V deals with border protection, immigration, and visa mattersTitle VI concerns the implementation of the 9/11 Commission’s recommendations
10Department of Homeland Security Created in 2003 to consolidate Federal transportation security-related policy making and implementation activities.Five DirectoratesBorder and Transportation SecurityEmergency Preparedness and ResponseScience and TechnologyInformation Analysis and Infrastructure ProtectionManagement
11DHS Vision & Mission Vision Mission Preserving our freedoms, protecting America ... we secure our homeland.MissionWe will lead the unified national effort to secure America. We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. We will ensure safe and secure borders, welcome lawful immigrants and visitors, and promote the free-flow of commerce.
12DHS Strategic GoalsAwareness - Identify and understand threats, assess vulnerabilities, determine potential impacts and disseminate timely information to our homeland security partners and the American public.Prevention - Detect, deter and mitigate threats to our homeland.Protection - Safeguard our people and their freedoms, critical infrastructure, property and the economy of our Nation from acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.Response - Lead, manage and coordinate the national response to acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.
13DHS Strategic Goals (cont.) Recovery - Lead national, state, local and private sector efforts to restore services and rebuild communities after acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.Service - Serve the public effectively by facilitating lawful trade, travel and immigration.Organizational Excellence - Value our most important resource, our people. Create a culture that promotes a common identity, innovation, mutual respect, accountability and teamwork to achieve efficiencies, effectiveness, and operational synergies.
14Key Agencies & Roles U.S. Coast Guard One of nation’s five armed servicesFormerly part of Department of TransportationResponsible to protect public, environment and US economy in ports and waterwaysMissions include maritime safety, protection of natural resources, mobility, maritime security, and national defenseUSCG has ~ 39,000 staff
15Key Agencies & Roles U.S. Customs and Border Protection Formerly US Customs ServiceResponsible for conducting surveillance, detecting and interdicting smugglers, aliens, and collecting import/export duties on goodsTransportation Security AdministrationResponsible for security in all modes and ensuring adequacy of security measures for transportationCBP has ~ 41,00 staffTSA has ~ 45,000 screeners
16Associated Agencies Federal State Department of Justice (FBI, DEA, Marshals)Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (part of Department of Treasury)Department of Transportation (new Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)StateLaw enforcementPort Authorities and State DOTs
17Local/Focused Organizations Local AgenciesLaw enforcement and fire respondersMetropolitan Planning OrganizationsSpecial CoalitionsTransportation-Focused Groups (I-95 CC)Trade and Industry Groups (NYS Smart Border Coalition)Private Sector Partnerships (Smart and Secure Tradelanes)
18U.S. DHS Career Areas Prevention and Response Immigration and Travel SecurityLaw EnforcementMission Support
19Prevention and Response Careers Prevention and response careers protect the public, environment and U.S. economic and security interests in any maritime region, as well as provide preparedness, protection, response, recovery and mitigation to reduce loss of life and property and protect the nation from all hazards are what these careers are all about.Federal Emergency Management AgencyU.S. Coast Guard
20Law Enforcement Careers Law enforcement careers offer positions in protection of the President, Vice President, their families, heads of state and other designated individuals; securing the nation’s borders; interagency law enforcement training; and enforcing economic, transportation and infrastructure security.U.S. Customs and Border ProtectionImmigration and Customs EnforcementU.S. Secret ServiceFederal Law Enforcement Training Center
21Immigration and Travel Security Careers Immigration and travel security careers involve protecting the nation’s transportation systems, as well as overseeing lawful immigration to the United States.Transportation Security AdministrationU.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
22Mission Support Careers Mission support careers involve the following fields: medical, human resources, facilities, budget, procurement, science and technology, training, intelligence, planning and coordination, detection, civil rights, fraud detection and more.Science and Technology DirectorateDomestic Nuclear Detection OfficeExecutive SecretariatMilitary Advisor’s OfficeNational Cybersecurity CenterNational Protection and Programs DirectorateOffice for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
25http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/careers/ US DHS Career Website A report of the Homeland Security Research Corporation forecasts that the U.S. Homeland Security markets, driven by the government and private sectors, will grow from about $24 Billion in 2006 to $35 Billion by 2011…a 45% increase!