Tickets to ride at a premium for China’s homeward-bound masses 2004 UE Section C MC Continuity
Tickets to ride at a premium for China’s homeward-bound masses Which festivals are the most important to spend with your family? What sort of problems can these festivals cause for authorities? What can the authorities do to solve these problems?
For punishment, they were summarily sentenced to 15 days in jail. (34) A. Overworked officials, B. Trying to buy tickets, C. Deeply frustrated, D. Most of the onlookers, “… crammed into queues …, were the lucky ones – they had secured tickets home for the Spring Festival holidays. We need a subject for “were the lucky ones”. X B, C Who would be in a queue and have tickets? The people watching. D. Most of the onlookers = Correct
The most important holiday of the year, the Spring Festival, which starts today, is (35) A. one of the most stressful times B. a period of renewal and change C. also the happiest celebration D. traditionally marked in red “… in the Chinese calendar. The festival presents a logistical challenge.” It is a “logistical challenge”, so it’s difficult to organize. We need a negative idea. A. one of the most stressful times = Correct.
The authorities, with (36) A. people refusing to travel in older vehicles, B. no regard for safety, C. plenty of practice behind them, D. money saving in mind, “…now deploy a range of tools to manage this mass movement, …” They use many tools to manage the situation. This is a positive thing. How did they learn to manage the situation? C. plenty of practice behind them = correct.
… now deploy a range of tools to manage this mass movement, from raising the price of tickets and having people start their holidays at different times (37) A. so they have no chance to go. B. in a variety of countries. C. to adding extra transport services. D. to increase congestion. These are examples of the “tools” used to manage the crowds. “from … to …” is a way of listing a wide range of things. C. to adding extra transport services.
Where these policies fail, (38) A. a holiday atmosphere prevails. B. the transport system is shut down. C. alternatives are difficult to find. D. tough crowd control is necessary. “Train and bus stations are fenced off, and police and paramilitary units flood transport centres…” Why would police be needed? D. tough crowd control is necessary. = correct.
The migrant labourers are as indispensable to their home provinces as they are to the factories, (39) A. producing food, clothing and other essentials for B. performing a role similar to that played by C. working under greater pressure than D. competing with “…Filipino workers in Hong Kong who repatriate income earned overseas.” Why are the migrant labourers important to their families? Why do Filipinos work in HK? They both send money home. B. performing a role similar to that played by = Correct
Outside the station, local police chief, Lu Weiqing, said, “Tonight is the peak – we will be working around the clock to ensure that (40) A. no one is disappointed.” B. there are no big problems.” C. the trains are clean and tidy.” D. everyone gets paid.” He will need to keep an eye on people … who have arrived at the station ticketless …” What is the job of the police? Why would they need to keep an eye on ticketless people? B. there are no big problems. = correct.
The large “sold out” sign strung across the station’s entrance (41) A. swings in the wind. B. does not deter them. C. tells a different story. D. is clearer than before. “We will be standing here all night – none of us will be sleeping. Mr Yu said. Even though the sign says that tickets are sold out, they will wait all night. What does this tell you about their attitude? B. does not deter them. = correct.
Nearby, Wang Huaiwai, who works in a plastics factory, says he (42) A. cannot imagine who would want to buy from a tout, B. hopes officials are more generous towards others, C. has no choice but to look for illicit tickets too, D. has no worries about getting to his hometown, “after being robbed of his and his girlfriend’s tickets. The return ticket will cost about RMB300 on the black market …” Tickets are sold out and he was robbed of his tickets. Tickets are available on the black market. C. has no choice but to look for illicit tickets too, = correct
Not all those who have migrated to southern China seeking wealth are forced to (43) A. work long hours for low pay in unsafe factories. B. travel during the same holiday period as millions of others. C. borrow money from others to pay for a ticket home. D. negotiate their way home on crowded trains and buses. “Huang Haitoa, …, now head of a large real estate company, … he will be driving himself …” The whole passage is about people travelling home during the Spring Festival. The focus is on how they get home, not whether they are rich or not. D. negotiate their way home on crowded trains and buses. = correct
Huang Haitoa, originally from Hunan, and now head of a large real estate company, says he will go to his new home in nearby Shenzhen for the Spring Festival. A. Rich enough to avoid public transport, B. As he finds public transport too noisy, C. Knowing that train fares are unreasonable, D. Having recently renewed his licence. “He will be driving himself in his new luxury car.” The passage has described public transport as chaotic during the Spring Festival. It’s not attractive. He is rich and therefore has a choice. A. Rich enough to avoid public transport, = Correct.