Presentation on theme: "Exploring American History Unit X – Modern America Chapter 31– America Looks to the Future Section 2 – George W. Bush in Office."— Presentation transcript:
Exploring American History Unit X – Modern America Chapter 31– America Looks to the Future Section 2 – George W. Bush in Office
Election of 2000 n Election of 2000 –Candidates: Republican- George Bush Democrat- Al Gore –Campaign issues abortion campaign financing reform defense economy/energy education gun control environment Health care taxes –Outcome- Closest in American History. Between Nov. 8 and Dec. 13 after the Supreme ordered no further recounts, there were various recounts. 50,996,000 to 50,456,000 votes. 271-266 electoral.
Florida, 2000: The Controversy Over the Count (04:53)
President George Bush n 43rd President- 2001- 2005 - Republican n Who was he? n Domestic Policies –$1.6 Trillion tax cut- primarily to help wealthy. –Sept. 11 Terrorist attack on World Trade Center and the Pentagon have push emphasis on foreign affairs. –Office of Homeland Security –Slow response to financial scandals- Enron –Signed corporate-fraud bill - July 2002 –2003- cut taxes by $670 billion over 10 years. Over 1/2 benefits go to 10% richest Americans.
The World Trade Center Disaster and Its Aftermath (02:53)
The National Strategy for Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Act of 2002 served to mobilize and organize our nation to secure the homeland from terrorist attacks. n Critical Mission Areas –Intelligence and warning –Border and Transportation Security –Domestic Counterterrorism –Protecting Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets. –Defending against Catastrophic Threats. –Emergency Preparedness and Response.
Dept. of Homeland Security Strategic Goals n Awareness -- Identify and understand threats, assess vulnerabilities, determine potential impacts and disseminate timely information to our homeland security partners and the American public. n Prevention -- Detect, deter and mitigate threats to our homeland. n Protection -- Safeguard our people and their freedoms, critical infrastructure, property and the economy of our Nation from acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies. n Response -- Lead, manage and coordinate the national response to acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies. n Recovery -- Lead national, state, local and private sector efforts to restore services and rebuild communities after acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies. n Service -- Serve the public effectively by facilitating lawful trade, travel and immigration. Organizational Excellence -- Value our most important resource, our people. Create a culture that promotes a common identity, innovation, mutual respect, accountability and teamwork to achieve efficiencies, effectiveness, and operational synergies. Organizational Excellence -- Value our most important resource, our people. Create a culture that promotes a common identity, innovation, mutual respect, accountability and teamwork to achieve efficiencies, effectiveness, and operational synergies.
The military objectives of Operation Iraqi Freedom n First, ending the regime of Saddam Hussein. n Second, to identify, isolate and eliminate, Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. n Third, to search for, to capture and to drive out terrorists from the country. n Fourth, to collect intelligence related to terrorist networks. n Fifth, to collect such intelligence as is related to the global network of illicit weapons of mass destruction. n Sixth, to end sanctions and to immediately deliver humanitarian support to the displaced and to many needed citizens. n Seventh, to secure Iraq's oil fields and resources, which belong to the Iraqi people. Finally, to help the Iraqi people create conditions for a transition to a representative self-government. Finally, to help the Iraqi people create conditions for a transition to a representative self-government.
Operation Iraqi Freedom ReasonsFor n Generally, Hussein is a proven threat to international security, he is interested in developing chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons and has shown a willingness to use such weapons on Iraq's neighbors but also against Iraq's Kurdish population. n Alternatives to invasion won't solve the problem. n If Iraq were to acquire Weapons of Mass Destruction it could threaten regional stability and deter any potential military action against Iraq. n Winning the war would be easy and the costs would be minimal n Removing Hussein would be consistent with the goals of the war on terrorism n Removing Hussein would be consistent with the goals of the war on terrorism. n The Iraqi people would support this action n Toppling Hussein will have little or no negative impacts the region. n If Hussein develops chemical, biological or nuclear weapons he could give the weapons to terrorist organization who could use those materials against the United States or its allies. Against n Iraq is effectively contained. n Inspections will work and were successful in the 1990s. n The United States' nuclear capability currently deters Hussein from using WMD on its neighbors. n The costs of this war could be prohibitive. Reports indicate that over 200,000 troops could be needed and that the war could cost $80 billion. n Invading Iraq will hurt the war on terrorism. A US attack will alienate Muslim countries especially the Arab n The conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians centers on cultural and territorial issues that transcend political systems. Iran, fearing that it could be the next state to be attacked, could nuclearize. Iran, fearing that it could be the next state to be attacked, could nuclearize. n Fears that Iraq would give WMD to terrorists lack credibility.