Presentation on theme: "Constructing a Case for the Proposition International Debate Education Association."— Presentation transcript:
Constructing a Case for the Proposition International Debate Education Association
Proposition A proposition is sometimes called a motion, a resolution, or simply a topic. A proposition is a sentence that generally frames the debate. A proposition is not a sentence that the Government team is required to provide a precise or exacting proof. A proposition is designed to get the debate started.
Case A case is a series of statements sufficient to support a proposition (resolution, motion, topic, etc.) A case should include a definition or clarification of the motion. A case should include one or more arguments sufficient to support the motion as defined.
Three Elements of a Case Define the Motion. Present and elaborate your thesis. Present arguments in favor of your thesis.
Define the Motion Define key words or phrases. Do not define all words. Define words fairly—don’t try to be tricky.
Present & Elaborate your Thesis Thesis is usually a plan of action. If possible, present the thesis in a simple sentence. If needed, present one or two sentences to show how your thesis relates to the proposition. Provide necessary details –Essential elements include actor and action –Other elements may include time, cost, enforcement, etc.
Arguments in Favor of your plan What problem is your plan designed to solve? Problem--Solution What positive effects will your plan have? Comparative advantages What principles or positive values will your plan uphold? Principled approach What symbolic effect will your plan have? Symbolic approach
Problem-- Solution Problem –Describe some feature of the status quo –Relate that feature to some problem –Evaluate that problem by showing how bad it really is Solution –Describe some alternative feature of your plan –Relate that feature of your plan to the solution of the problem –Evaluate your plan positively because it solves the problem completely or at least partially
Comparative Advantages Describe the part of the status quo that prevents this advantage from happening Describe the part of your plan designed to produce this advantage Show how your plan actually does produce this advantage Show how this advantage achieves some significant good.
Principled Approach State a universal principle upon which your plan is based Offer support for that universal principle Show how your plan upholds that principle
Symbolic approach Describe some element of the status quo. Show how that element has a symbolic effect. Show how that symbolic effect communicates some bad. Describe some element of your plan designed to have the opposite symbolic effect. Show how the symbolic effect of your plan will communicate something good.
Convergent Structure Several arguments converge to support your plan. For example –Most criminals, murderers included, do not believe they will be caught. –Therefore they do not fear capital punishment. –Without the fear of death, capital punishment cannot deter crime.
Independent Structure Several arguments provide separate support for your plan. Each argument can stand alone. For example: –Capital punishment is immoral. –Capital punishment is only for immature governments –Capital punishment does not deter crime.