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5 Public Opinion
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 2 What is Public Opinion? Sources of political attitudes: Family, religion, information media, schooling - Occupation no longer a major source, due to spread of higher education What are crosscutting cleavages, and why do they exist? - Chief sources are race and ethnicity, class (schooling important), and region - Gender plays an increasingly important role; not unique to the U.S. What is political ideology, and why are most Americans not more ideological? - There is no single liberal-conservative dimension, as many hold opinions of both sides - Political elites (elected politicians, bureaucrats, etc.) tend to be more consistently ideological - Elites have a disproportionate influence on political policy - They influence mass opinion through information dissemination What is the new class theory? Why is it straining the political system? - “New Class:” those advantaged by power resources, and gov’t growth (not business wealth) - Well-off liberals: directly benefit from government, influenced by postgrad edu. -Middle Class split: Traditional: 4 yrs. Col., suburban, church, social, Repub. -New Class: postgrad, urban, liberal social issues, Dem. (Strains D’s)
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 3 Table 5.2: The Gender Gap: Differences in Political Views of Men and Women
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 4 Group Cleavages, Political Attitudes and Ideology 3 most important cleavages: 1. Occupation: blue collar vs. white collar not as strong (union decline), due to emergence of new class. New class younger, urban, more liberal on social issues; strained Democratic party (Gary Hart, Paul Tsongas, Howard Dean) 2. Race and ethnicity: may be narrowing between blacks and whites (see #5), as more blacks identify with Republican party. May be generational, however. 3. Region: South least liberal of 4 regions, followed by Midwest, then coasts. South part of Democratic coalition historically due to liberal economic positions. Racial and social issues arose that changed this (see #6). Ideological alignment has affected several presidential elections. Political Ideology: a coherent and consistent set of beliefs about who ought to rule, what principles rulers ought to obey, and what policies to pursue. Measured by: 1. Seeing how frequently people speak in broad political categories (lib/cons) when they discuss politics 2. Measuring the extent we can predict a person’s view on one issue by knowing his or her view on another issue. Little ideological thinking among Americans. Exceptions: 1. Activists more consistent; 2. Presidential ideological certitude: clearer public divisions
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 5 Table 5.4: African American and White Opinion
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 6 Figure 5.1: Whites in the South Leaving the Democrats Source: ICPSR National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1952-1996
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 7 Polling: Lies, Dang Lies, and Statistics Polling conditions: random samples, comprehensible questions, fairly asked questions, answer categories matter. Differences in results due to polling error. - “+/- 3%” is a spread of 6% total. Wide margin of error. 3% total much better. Weisberg, Krosnick and Bowen, Introduction to Survey Research and Data Analysis, polling ethical issues list: 1. Bandwagon effect can interfere with political process 2. Good polling numbers can inflate donations 3. Polls may deter potential challengers 4. Large lead may deter turnout on election day 5. People will change opinions to be in the majority 6. Poorly conducted polls could skew election: push polling example 7. Exit-poll results during voting discourages turnout: Hawaii 8. Media results of exit polling often misleading 9. Polls weaken the role of public opinion rather than strengthen it. Polls may dominate other means of opinion expression, like protests Categories as of 1994, economic and personal conduct: -Pure liberals: lib/lib (17%); Pure conservatives: cons/cons (28%); Libertarians: cons/lib (21%); Populists lib/cons: (24%).
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 8 Figure 5.2: Ideological Self-Identification, 1976-1999 Source: The American Enterprise (March/April 1993):84, Robert S. Ericson and Kent L. Tedin, American Public Opinion, (New York: Longman, 2001), 101, citing surveys by CBS/New York Times.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 9 Table 5.3: The Changing College Student
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.5 - 10 Table 5.5: Changes in Racial Opinion
Bellringer Name the four labels given to people based on economic policy and personal conduct…
Chapter Seven Public Opinion. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 2 What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: How people think.
Chapter Seven Public Opinion Mr. Ognibene AP Government.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 1 Jerry says It's amazing that the amount of news that happens in the world every day always.
Chapter Seven Public Opinion. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 2 Unit Objectives List the sources of our political attitudes.
What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: How people think or feel about particular things Not easy to measure The opinions of active and knowledgeable people.
Aim: How does Public Opinion influence American Government? DEMOCRACY AND PUBLIC OPINION Why is government policy often at odds with public opinion? Framer.
CHAPTER 5 PUBLIC OPINION. WHAT IS PUBLIC OPINION Collective view of a group of people. Tends to be uninformed, unstable and can change rapidly. Americans.
Public Opinion 1. What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: how people think or feel about particular things Not easy to measure The opinions of active.
Chapter 7 Public Opinion. What is Public Opinion? How people think or feel about particular things. students in 1940 found that, while a small group.
Review 1)What is a random sample? 2)What is saliency? 3)What is political socialization and what is the biggest factor that impacts it? 4)What is the gender.
AP GOVERNMENT PUBLIC OPINION Chapter 5 PUBLIC OPINION The aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs by some portion of the adult population No ONE.
1 Chapter Seven Public Opinion. 2 What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: How people think or feel about particular things. Not easy to measure.
Public Opinion Wilson Chapter 5 Klein Oak High School.
Public Opinion Is the federal government truly of the people, by the people, and for the people? Large budget deficit, public opinion says people want.
OBJECTIVES Review American political Culture Examine public opinion and polling Identify Political ideology and the source of public opinion BELL.
Public Opinion and Political Action Chapter 6. Introduction Some Basics: Demography The science of population changes. Census A valuable tool for understanding.
Public Opinion. LEFT PAGE- PAGE 49 Response to Political Ideology Survey What political party affiliation did your answer results indicate? What 3 issues.
Chapter 7 Public Opinion. Why Does Government Policy Often Appear At Odds With Public Opinion? Copyright © 2013 Cengage The Framers of the Constitution.
Democracy and Public Opinion Core beliefs are shared Political attitudes differ What is public opinion? Public opinion is critical to democracy.
PUBLIC OPINION Chapter 6. The Power of Public Opinion The Power of Presidential Approval What Is Public Opinion? Expressed through voting The.
Political Beliefs and Behaviors. Political Culture Distinctive and patterned way of thinking about how political and economic life ought to be carried.
Political Tolerance It’s existence is crucial to democratic government – Allows for free exchange of ideas – Allows to select leaders without oppression.
Public Opinion. The government doesn’t do everything that the people want, Some people become cynical and say that the government is democratic in name.
Political Opinion and Ideology Can efficacy exist for all?
Political Parties Who is a Republican? Who is a Democrat?
Public Opinion Public Opinion & Political Socialization.
Chapter Five: Public Opinion and Political Socialization.
Opinion, Ideology and Policy Wilson 7B. US Diversity Social Class Not well defined (US) Less important (Europe) Not a voting block Party affiliation.
Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information How Polls Are Conducted –Sample: a small proportion of people who are chosen in a survey to be representative.
CHAPTER 5: PUBLIC OPINION. The purpose of this chapter is to explore what we mean by public opinion and to ask what sorts of effects public opinion has.
AP US Government & Politics Review Part II. II. Political beliefs and behaviors of individuals (10-20%) Beliefs that citizens hold about their government.
Bell Ringer Not create government that would do what the people want from day to day Check Public Opinion Popular rule –Elect House of Rep’s,
Public Opinion and Political Action Chapter 6. The distribution of the populations’ belief about politics and policy issues reflects the differences.
PUBLIC OPINION AND POLITICAL ACTION Chapter 6. Introduction Some Basics: Demography: The science of population changes. Census The most valuable method.
Chapter Seven Public Opinion. What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: How people think or feel about particular things Not easy to measure The opinions.
Chapter 6 Public Opinion and Political Socialization.
Chapter 5 Political Socialization & Public Opinion.
Political Beliefs and Behaviors American political ideology American Government.
Public Opinion, Mass Media, & Political Parties. Opinion polls- often inaccurate but important to campaigns Scientific polls- more accurate Scientific.
Chapter 5 PUBLIC OPINION AND POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION.
Public Opinion and Political Action Chapter 6. Introduction Public Opinion – The distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues.
Political Beliefs and Behaviors American political ideology.
Unit 2 Peer Lecture By Andrew Sickenger, Sush Kudari, and Aaron Ramsay.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman. Public Opinion and Political Action Chapter 6 Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry Government.
7 Political Parties. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved
Chapter Five Public Opinion and Political Socialization.
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