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1 LTC(P) Michael S. Bell, Ph.D., USA Strategic Concepts Branch, Strategy Division Directorate of Strategic Plans & Policy (J5) The Joint Staff 4 March.

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Presentation on theme: "1 LTC(P) Michael S. Bell, Ph.D., USA Strategic Concepts Branch, Strategy Division Directorate of Strategic Plans & Policy (J5) The Joint Staff 4 March."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 LTC(P) Michael S. Bell, Ph.D., USA Strategic Concepts Branch, Strategy Division Directorate of Strategic Plans & Policy (J5) The Joint Staff 4 March 2005 Strategic Overview, The National Defense Strategy and National Military Strategy of the United States of America

2 2 Overview Provide an overview of current and emerging strategic guidance: National Security Strategy (NSS) National Defense Strategy (NDS) National Military Strategy (NMS) Provide foundation for QDR analyses, studies, and roles and missions review

3 3 Elements of National Security Strategy 2002 Built on America’s unique position in the world. Shaped by the threat of global terrorism. Focused on making the world not just safer but better: Actively create conditions for long-term peace and global prosperity. Forestall or preempt hostile acts. Built on America’s unique position in the world. Shaped by the threat of global terrorism. Focused on making the world not just safer but better: Actively create conditions for long-term peace and global prosperity. Forestall or preempt hostile acts. Political and economic freedom;Political and economic freedom; Peaceful relations with other states; andPeaceful relations with other states; and Respect for human dignityRespect for human dignity National Security Goals Means: DiplomacyDiplomacy InformationInformation MilitaryMilitary EconomicEconomicPillars: DevelopmentDevelopment DiplomacyDiplomacy DefenseDefense Instruments of National Power and Influence Broad Approaches to Applying Power Champion human dignity;Champion human dignity; Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and prevent attacks;Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and prevent attacks; Defuse regional conflicts;Defuse regional conflicts; Prevent the threat of WMD;Prevent the threat of WMD; Ignite global economic growth;Ignite global economic growth; Expand the circle of development;Expand the circle of development; Develop agendas for cooperative action;Develop agendas for cooperative action; Transform national security institutions.Transform national security institutions.

4 4 Presidential Direction and NSS Trends “ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world” Our world demands active approach –“evil is real” and “must be confronted” –“In the short-term we’ll defend ourselves by staying on the offensive. In the long-term we’ll work to spread liberty.” –“if we show any uncertainty or weakness in this decade, this world will drift toward tragedy” Shift in emphasis from 2002 NSS: –Defend: “defending the peace by taking the fight to the enemy” –Protect: “protecting the peace by working with friends and allies and international institutions to isolate and confront terrorists and outlaw regimes” – Iran, Syria, N. Korea –Extend: “extending the peace by supporting the rise of democracy…in the broader Middle East” Successes in Afghanistan and Iraq provide guide for future actions –“America’s military is one of the world’s greatest forces for good.” –“We’ll work to advance liberty in Afghanistan and Iraq, and elsewhere, and we’re going to prevail.” –Preemption and prevention: “we must take threats seriously before they fully materialize” – “no option can be taken off the table” “The advance of freedom is the surest strategy to undermine the appeal of terror in the world”

5 5 DoD Functions Functions defined in Federal Regulation: Support and defend the Constitution of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic. Ensure, by timely and effective military action, the security of the United States, its possessions, and areas vital to its interest. Uphold and advance the national policies and interests of the United States. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 32, Part 368, Section 3

6 6 National Defense Strategy Ends Secure the United States from direct attack;Secure the United States from direct attack; Secure strategic access and retain global freedom of action;Secure strategic access and retain global freedom of action; Strengthen alliances and partnerships;Strengthen alliances and partnerships; Establish favorable security conditions.Establish favorable security conditions. Defense Objectives Means Forces sized, shaped, and postured to support global operations Implementation guidelines Active, layered defense Continuous transformation Capabilities-based approach Managing risks Desired Attributes and Capabilities Ways Key Activities to Focus Efforts Security Environment Complex combinations of four strategic challenges: Traditional Irregular Catastrophic Disruptive Assure allies and friends.Assure allies and friends. Dissuade potential adversaries.Dissuade potential adversaries. Deter aggression and counter coercion.Deter aggression and counter coercion. Defeat adversariesDefeat adversaries

7 7 Force Planning Guidance Force-Sizing Construct Defend the U.S. Homeland Operate in and from Four Forward Regions to Assure, Dissuade, and Deter Lesser Contingencies Force Generation Capability WOTWOT Stability Operations Win Decisive Swiftly Defeat Adversaries 1 Swiftly Defeat Adversaries Basis for QDR analysis of force requirements on the most likely, dangerous, & demanding circumstances. Determine capabilities required for a range of scenarios—force requirements from analysis of most likely, most dangerous, and most demanding circumstances. Tailored and increasingly rotational forward presence forces complemented by capabilities for prompt global action. Capable of surging forces into 2 separate theaters in 2 military campaigns that overlap in time—with potential for 1 win decisive level of effort. Operations related to the WOT span the construct. Stability operations integral part of campaigns—also lesser contingency or efforts of regional forces to control conflict. Force globally managed—no specified strategic reserve.

8 8 Campaign Definitions Campaigns to “swiftly defeat” the efforts of adversaries are undertaken to achieve a circumscribed set of objectives aimed at altering an adversary’s unacceptable behavior or policies, swiftly denying an adversaries operational or strategic objectives, preventing attacks or uncontrolled conflict escalation, and/or rapidly re-establishing security conditions favorable to the United States and its partners. “Swiftly defeating” adversary efforts could include a range of military activities – from stability operations to major combat that will vary substantially in size and duration. Examples of “swift defeat” campaigns include Operation(s) Desert Storm and Allied Force. Campaigns to “win decisively” are undertaken to bring about fundamental, favorable change in a crisis region and create enduring results. They likely entail lengthy periods of both major combat and stability operations; require regime change, defense, or restoration; and will include significant investments of the nation’s resources and time. “Win decisive” campaigns will vary significantly in size and scope but will be among the most taxing scenarios. Examples of conclusive campaigns include Operation(s) Just Cause and Iraqi Freedom. Lesser Contingency Operations are undertaken to resolve or ameliorate particular crisis circumstances and typically describe operations more limited in scope and duration… Based on objectives rather than anticipated level of effort 11 22

9 9 Combatant Commands Department of Defense Support and defend the Constitution of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic. Ensure, by timely and effective military action, the security of the United States, its possessions, and areas vital to its interest. Uphold and advance the national policies and interests of the United States. Services Recruiting Organizing Supplying Equipping (includes R&D) Training Servicing Mobilizing Demobilizing Administering Maintaining Construction, outfitting, repair equipment Construction, maintenance, repair of structures 32 CFR Deterring Attacks Carry out assigned missions/tasks Assign tasks to subordinate commands for unified action Plan/execute military ops to support NMS Force protection/security for command Certify readiness of JTFHQ or functional HQ staffs Provide trained and ready joint forces to other combatant commands UCP 2004 and 32 CFR Defense Agencies & Field Activities Functions are defined in DoD Directives for each Agency/Field Activity. 32 CFR 368.7; Listed in Enclosure 1 of DODD Functions of Major DoD Components 32 CFR 368.3

10 10 National Military Strategy Guided by CJCS Priorities Win the War on Terrorism Enhance Joint Warfighting Transform the Force Ends Protect the United States; Protect the United States; Prevent conflict and surprise attack; Prevent conflict and surprise attack; Prevail against adversaries Prevail against adversaries National Military Objectives Means Implications of Force Planning Construct Implications of Force Planning Construct Capabilities to Achieve Full Spectrum Dominance…Today and Tomorrow Capabilities to Achieve Full Spectrum Dominance…Today and Tomorrow Desired Joint Force Attributes Joint Force Functions Ways Joint Operating, Functional & Enabling Concepts Integrated Force Employment Concepts Military Missions and Tasks Force Design Force Size Force Design Force Size Shaped by Strategic Principles Decisive Force Strategic Agility Integrated Operations

11 11 Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations The NMS: Military Objectives and Tasks Military Missions & Tasks JOCs Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries Military Objectives Sizing Constraints Defense Strategy 1- Defend the Homeland 4 – Operate in and from 4 Forward Regions 2 – Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns 1 – Win Decisive Campaign to Achieve Enduring Result Limited Lesser Contingencies NSS Strategic Aim Help Make the world not just safer, but better Goals Political and Economic Freedom Peaceful Relations with other States Respect for Human Dignity JOCs Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Key Activities Assure Dissuade Deter Defeat Objectives Secure the U.S. from direct attack Secure strategic access & retain global freedom of action Strengthen alliances and partnerships Establish favorable security conditions

12 12 The NMS: Joint Functions & Capabilities  Applying Force  Battlespace Shaping through Security Cooperation Activities and Exercises  Preemptive Global Strike  Counter Anti-Access & Area Denial  Forward Deterrence, Flexible Deterrent Options (FDOs) and Strategic (including Nuclear) Deterrence  Land Control, Maritime/Littoral Control, Air Control, and Space Control Operations, and CIP  Non-traditional Operations and Stability Operations  Defend against Air and Missile Threats  Interagency Interoperability Training  Support to Civil Authorities & Consequence Management  Deploying & Sustaining Military Capabilities  Forward Stationed, Rotational and Temporarily Deployed Capabilities  Strategic Lift  Force Generation & Management  Logistics  Securing Battlespace  Prevent WMD attacks  Protection & Homeland Defense  Achieving Decision Superiority  Battlespace Awareness and Persistent Surveillance  Command & Control, Network Operations, intelligence sharing, and Interagency Coordination  Network Operations and Strategic Communications

13 13 Questions

14 14 Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations Executing the Strategy: Secure the U.S. Military Tasks JOCs Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries Military Objectives Sizing Constraints Defense Strategy Secure the United States Strategic Objective 1- Defend the Homeland 4 – Operate in and from 4 Forward Regions 2 – Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns 1 – Win Decisive Campaign to Achieve Enduring Result Limited Lesser Contingencies NSS Strategic Aim Help Make the world not just safer, but better Goals Political and Economic Freedom Peaceful Relations with other States Respect for Human Dignity JOCs Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Key Activities Assure Dissuade Deter Defeat

15 15 Secure Strategic Access Sizing Constraints Key Activities Assure Dissuade Deter Defeat Strategic Objective 1- Defend the Homeland 4 – Operate in and from 4 Forward Regions 2 – Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns 1 – Win Decisive Campaign to Achieve Enduring Result Limited Lesser Contingencies Military Objectives NSS Strategic Aim Help Make the world not just safer, but better Goals Political and Economic Freedom Peaceful Relations with other States Respect for Human Dignity JOCs Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries JOCs Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Secure Strategic Access Military Tasks Defense Strategy

16 16 Strengthen Alliances and Partnerships Sizing Constraints Key Activities Assure Dissuade Deter Defeat Strategic Objective 1- Defend the Homeland 4 – Operate in and from 4 Forward Regions 2 – Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns 1 – Win Decisive Campaign to Achieve Enduring Result Limited Lesser Contingencies Military Objectives NSS Strategic Aim Help Make the world not just safer, but better Goals Political and Economic Freedom Peaceful Relations with other States Respect for Human Dignity JOCs Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries JOCs Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Strengthen Alliances and Partnerships Military Tasks Defense Strategy Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations

17 17 Establish Favorable Security Conditions Sizing Constraints Key Activities Assure Dissuade Deter Defeat Strategic Objective 1- Defend the Homeland 4 – Operate in and from 4 Forward Regions 2 – Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns 1 – Win Decisive Campaign to Achieve Enduring Result Limited Lesser Contingencies Military Objectives NSS Strategic Aim Help Make the world not just safer, but better Goals Political and Economic Freedom Peaceful Relations with other States Respect for Human Dignity JOCs Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries JOCs Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Establish Favorable Security Conditions Military Tasks Defense Strategy

18 18 The NMS: Executing the Strategy Protect the United States— Active Defense in Depth  Applying Force  Land Control Operations and Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP)  Maritime/Littoral Control Operations and Maritime Interdiction Operations  Defend against Air and Missile Threats and Conduct Air Control Operations  Space Control Operations  Strategic Deterrence  Interagency Interoperability Training  Provide Support to Civil Authorities and Consequence Management  Deploying & Sustaining Military Capabilities  Force Generation  Force Management  Logistics  Securing Battlespace  Protection  Homeland Defense  Achieving Decision Superiority  Battlespace Awareness  Persistent Surveillance  Command & Control and interagency cooperation  Network Operations and intelligence sharing  Strategic Communications (PA, IO) Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Overarching Military Missions & Tasks National Military Objective Joint Functions and Capabilities

19 19 The NMS: Executing the Strategy Overarching Military Missions & Tasks National Military Objective  Applying Force  Battlespace Shaping through Security Cooperation Activities and Exercises  Preemptive Global Strike  Forward Deterrence and Flexible Deterrent Options (FDOs)  Strategic (including Nuclear) Deterrence  Land Control, Maritime/Littoral Control, Air Control, and Space Control Operations  Non-traditional Operations and Stability Operations  Deploying & Sustaining Military Capabilities  Forward Stationed, Rotational and Temporarily Deployed Capabilities  Strategic Lift  Force Generation  Force Management  Logistics  Securing Battlespace  Prevent WMD attacks  Protection  Achieving Decision Superiority  Battlespace Awareness  Command & Control, Network Operations and Interagency Coordination  Strategic Communications (PA, IO) Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Joint Functions and Capabilities

20 20 The NMS: Executing the Strategy  Applying Force  Strategic Deterrence  Non-traditional Operations  Land, Maritime/Littoral, Air and Space Control Operations  Access & Area Denial  Stability Operations  Shaping & Security Cooperation  Deploying & Sustaining Military Capabilities  Sustain Ongoing operations including Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom and the War on Terrorism.  Force Generation  Force Management  Logistics  Securing Battlespace  Prevent WMD attacks  Protection  Achieving Decision Superiority  Battlespace Awareness  Command & Control  Network Operations  Interagency Coordination  Strategic Communications (PA, IO) Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations Prevail Against Adversaries Overarching Military Missions & Tasks National Military Objective Joint Functions and Capabilities

21 21 The NMS: Military Objectives, Missions, Joint Functions & Capabilities Military Missions & Tasks Counter threats close to their source Protecting strategic approaches Defensive actions at home Support to civil authorities and consequence management Creating a global anti-terrorism environment Battlespace Preparation Swiftly Defeat Adversaries in Overlapping Campaigns Win Decisively to Achieve More Enduring Results Conduct Post-conflict Stability and Reconstruction Operations Protect the United States Prevent Conflict and Surprise Attack Prevail Against Adversaries National Military Objectives Forward posture and presence Promote security Deterring aggression Prevent surprise attacks Eliminate safe havens Preempt in self-defense  Applying Force  Battlespace Shaping through Security Cooperation Activities and Exercises  Preemptive Global Strike  Counter Anti-Access & Area Denial  Forward Deterrence, Flexible Deterrent Options (FDOs) and Strategic (including Nuclear) Deterrence  Land Control, Maritime/Littoral Control, Air Control, and Space Control Operations, and CIP  Non-traditional Operations and Stability Operations  Defend against Air and Missile Threats  Interagency Interoperability Training  Support to Civil Authorities & Consequence Management  Deploying & Sustaining Military Capabilities  Forward Stationed, Rotational and Temporarily Deployed Capabilities  Strategic Lift  Force Generation & Management  Logistics  Securing Battlespace  Prevent WMD attacks  Protection & Homeland Defense  Achieving Decision Superiority  Battlespace Awareness and Persistent Surveillance  Command & Control, Network Operations, intelligence sharing, and Interagency Coordination  Network Operations and Strategic Communications

22 22 DoD Agencies Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Defense Information Service Agency (DISA) Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Defense Security Services (DSS) Defense Legal Services Agency (DLSA) Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) Missile Defense Agency (MDA) Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) Defense Commissary Agency (DECA) Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA)

23 23 DoD Field Activities Armed Forces Information Services (AFIS) Counterintelligence Field Activity (CIFA) Defense POW/MIA Office Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA) DoD Education Activity (DoDEA) Office of Economic Adjustment TRICARE Management Activity (TMA) Washington Headquarters Services (WHS) DoD Human Resources Activity (DoDHRA)


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