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Presentation on theme: "Royal Palaces 8 Form Подготовила: Богословская Татьяна Александровна. МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОЕ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ «СРЕДНЯЯ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ШКОЛА»№1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Royal Palaces 8 Form Подготовила: Богословская Татьяна Александровна. МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОЕ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ «СРЕДНЯЯ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ШКОЛА»№1 с углубленным изучением отдельных предметов село АЛЕКСАНДРОВСКОЕ

2 The Tower of London The Tower of London was built more than 900 years ago. Vistors come to see the Crown Jewels and the Tower guards called 'Beefeaters'. Nearest Tube:Tower Hill (Circle) London Bridge (Northern, Jubilee,) Adults £12, kids £7.80, concess £9

3 One thousand year-old prison, palace and place of execution. With its stunning riverside backdrop, the Tower has been used as a prison, palace and place of execution, arsenal, mint and menagerie(зверинец), since its construction following the Norman Conquest of 1066. After King Henry VIII's break with the Catholic Church it housed religious prisoners including two of Henry VIII's six wives (Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard), both of whom were beheaded at Tower Green. It is now one of the most famous structures in the world and hosts a range of exhibitions which celebrate and represent some of the most spectacular aspects of its gory(кровавый) and glorious past.

4 The Tower of London With over 1000 years of royal history hiding within its highly fortified walls, a trip to the Tower of London is like being involved in one of the most spectacular dramas of all time. Follow in the unfortunate footsteps of Queen Anne Boleyn as she walks to meet her tragic fate at the scaffold (эшафот) on Tower Green. Join Edward I in the court fest within the Medieval Tower and admire Henry VIII's armour (доспехи), weaponry and torture instruments in the White Tower before being dazzled by the array(масса) of royal jewels, crowns and diamonds encased in the Jewel and Martin Towers.

5 The Tower of London Did you know? About 150 people still live within the walls of the Tower of London, these are mainly the Yeoman Warders (or 'Beefeaters') and their families. Address: Tower Hill, EC3N 4AB Phone: 0844 482 7777 | Outside UK +44 (0)20 3166 6000 Timing: Tue to Sat 9am-5.30pm, Sun & Mon 10am-5.30pm Pricing: £17 (Adults) £14.50 (Concs) £9.50 (Under 16s) Nearest Station: Tower Hill Tube

6 Hampton Court Palace Travel through over 500 years of rich royal history reflected in the palace's varied and stunning mix of Baroque and Tudor architecture. The winding corridors, lavish State Apartments, expansive Tudor kitchens, immaculate 60-acre riverside gardens and maze (лабиринт) together make Hampton Court the oldest surviving Tudor palace in England. From the early 1500s when King Henry VIII's lavish (щедрый) re- decoration and extension transformed Cardinal Woolsey's country seat into a palace more than fit for a king, through to 1996 when fires ripped through the King's Apartments. East Molesey, Surrey,

7 Oldest surviving Tudor palace in England. Hampton Court has undergone a lot of changes. In 1689 King William III commissioned Sir Christopher Wren to rebuild the palace. Thankfully, lack of money and time prevented total demolition of the building and Henry VIII's Tudor palace remains to this day - a testimony to the estate's original and most celebrated owner. The palace also houses one of the most important works of the Italian Renaissance - Andreas Mantegna's 'Triumphs of Caesar'. This formidable sequence of nine paintings is on permanent display in the Lower Orangery.

8 Hampton Court Palace No trip to Hampton Court is complete without a visit to the world's oldest and largest vines, a stroll around the glorious formal and informal riverside gardens and a tour around the world-famous trapezoidal maze - part of William III's Wilderness Garden and the oldest surviving hedge maze still in use. A revolutionary audio installation brings the maze alive for visitors. Using fragments of music, snatches of laughter, the seductive rustling of fine silks and snatches of covert conversations the audio installation brings to life an age when the maze symbolized an opportunity for secrecy.

9 The King's Apartments. Best for: Henry VIII, Tudor and Baroque architecture, mazes, vines and Tudor kitchens. Did you know? Henry VIII's palace kitchens occupied over 50 rooms - an area of 3000sq ft. Over 200 people worked in them, providing two meals a day for over 800 members of the court. Address: East Molesey, Surrey, KT8 9AU Phone: 0870 752 7777 Timing: Daily 10am-4.30pm/6pm Pricing: £13-£14 (Adults) £10.50- £11.50 (Concs) £6.50-£7 (Under 16s) Nearest Station: Hampton Court Rail

10 Kensington Palace London Originally a private country house, public visitors are now warmly welcomed into Kensington Palace – the birthplace of Queen Victoria and home to Princess Diana between 1981 and 1997. Relive the moment in the Victorian Rooms when the young Princess Victoria discovered that she was to become the Queen. Admire the family portraits and original furnishings adorning the homely Queen's Apartments. Revel (веселиться) in the grandeur of the King's Apartments, decorated with paintings and works of art from the Royal Collection, and find calm and relief in Cupola Room where Princess Victoria was christened.

11 Kensington Palace (State Apartments) On permanent display inside the palace is the famed Royal Ceremonial Dress Collection bursting at the seams with outfits from the 18th century to the present day including a range of glamorous dresses worn by HM Queen Elizabeth II and an array of spectacular and unique evening gowns modelled by Diana, Princess of Wales.

12 Kensington Palace Best for: Princess Diana and Queen Victoria, dresses, family portraits, Orangery and sunken gardens. Did you know? In 1725-6 King George I introduced a number of exotic animals into the gardens of Kensington Palace - including three tigers and two extremely rare civet cats. Address: Kensington Gardens, W8 4PX Nearest Station: High Street Kensington Tube

13 Buckingham Palace England's most famous royal palace, and the official residence of Queen Elizabeth II, opens the doors of its State Rooms to the public every summer. Originally acquired by King George III for his wife Queen Charlotte, Buckingham Palace was increasingly known as the 'Queen's House' and 14 of George III's children were born there. On his accession to the throne, George IV decided to convert the house into a palace and employed John Nash to help him extend the building. Queen Victoria was the first sovereign to live in Buckingham Palace (from 1837). The State Rooms are now still used by the Royal Family to receive and entertain guests on State and ceremonial occasions. Visitors can admire some of the more unusual gifts received by the current Queen, including drawings by Salvador Dali, an embroidered silk scarf from Nelson Mandela and a grove of maple trees.

14 Official residence of Queen Elizabeth II. Decorated in lavish fashion, the rooms include paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens, Canaletto, Vermeer and Poussin, sculpture by Canova, exquisite examples of Sevres porcelain, and some of the finest English and French furniture in the world. The Ball Supper Room, the setting for a host of sparkling events in the history of the palace, 29 acre gardens and annual exhibitions are all also available to visitors.

15 Gate outside Buckingham Palace Best for: Rembrandt, Rubens and Rooms of State, House of Windsor, ceremony and history, Nash architecture and design. Did you know? Queen Victoria ordered the removal of Marble Arch from the palace to its present position near Hyde Park in order to make way for more bedrooms. Address: Buckingham Palace Road, SW1A 1AA Phone: 020 7766 7300 Timing: Jul to Sep - Daily 9.45am-6pm Pricing: £16.50 (Adults), £15 (Concs), £9.50 (Under 17s), FREE (Under 5s) Nearest Station: Hyde Park Corner Tube

16 Windsor Castle William the Conqueror chose to build a castle at Windsor more than 900 years ago to defend the western approach to the capital. As one of the Queen's official residences Windsor Castle still plays a formal role in State and official occasions. Equally stunning is St George's Hall, which has been completely restored following a fire in 1992 and is still used by the Queen for state banquets and receptions. The State Apartments are also open to the public and are lavishly furnished with paintings by Rubens, Holbein and Rembrandt, sculpture and tapestries. Modernday Royal Residence

17 The world's biggest house is Windsor Castle

18 St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle Visitors can marvel at St George's Chapel, which was founded by Edward IV back in 1475 and is one of the best examples of gothic architecture in the country. Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones were married there in June 1999. It is also the burial site for 10 sovereigns

19 In the Drawings Gallery, visitors have an opportunity to see artwork from the Royal Library and Queen Mary's Dolls' House will delight everyone with its perfect rooms and furnishings in miniature. Built on a scale of 1 to 12 the dolls' house was crafted in the 1920s.

20 Frogmore House A mile south of Windsor Castle lies Frogmore House, one of Queen Victoria's favourite retreats. Originally acquired by Henry VIII in the sixteenth- century, the estate of Frogmore now forms part of Home Park in Windsor. The current house was originally built between 1680-1684 but was extended when George III bought it for his wife Queen Charlotte in 1792. Charlotte used Frogmore as a country retreat and held receptions and masques in the gardens. Following the death of her beloved Albert, Queen Victoria chose a site here for his mausoleum (tomb) just days after his death (1861) but it was not completed for another 10 years. Queen Victoria insisted that the interior of the mausoleum was decorated in the style of Raphael, whom Prince Albert considered the greatest artist of all time, and she held a regular ceremony there on the anniversary of his death (14th December) until her own death in January 1901 when her body was placed next to his. Address: Windsor Castle, Windsor and Maidenhead, SL4 1NJ Phone: 020 7766 7304 Pricing: £15.50 (Adults), £14 (Concs), £9 (Under 16s) Nearest Station: Windsor Rail

21 Palace of Westminster Now more commonly known as the Houses of Parliament, the Palace of Westminster began life as a royal residence in 1042 under Edward the Confessor. The major structure to survive various fires, Westminster Hall, was built between 1087-1100 and is one of the largest medieval halls in Europe with an unsupported hammer beam roof. During the 14th century the hall housed shops and stalls selling wigs, pens and other legal equipment and the courts of law met there. Thomas More, Charles I and those accused of trying to blow up parliament (1605) were all tried in Westminster Hall.

22 The Westminster Palace and Abbey are unique architectonical masterpieces

23 Big Ben Sir Charles Barry was responsible for the mock gothic building that has become such a familiar landmark today; including the Clock Tower that houses Big Ben, the bell that chimes on the hour, and is home to the largest clock face in the country.

24 The House of Lords Chamber Following a fire in 1512, Henry VIII decided to abandon the palace and from this moment onwards it became home to the two seats of parliament - the Commons and the Lords. However, it was to suffer from another disastrous fire in 1834 and everything was lost except Westminster Hall and the Jewel Tower. A competition was launched to redevelop the whole site. Members of the public can watch debates when Parliament is in session. You don't need tickets in advance, but may have to queue. View of the House of Lords Chamber in the Palace of Westminster, London, looking from the galleries towards the Throne

25 The Towers of Westminster

26 Address: Parliament Square, Westminster, St Margaret Street, SW1A 0AA Phone: 020 7219 5353 Pricing: Visitor's Gallery FREE | Tours £11.70 (Adults), £7.80 (Concs), FREE (Under 16s), £22 (Family) Nearest Station: Westminster Tube

27 A view of Westminster Palace from the London Eye.

28 The Jewel Tower Across the road from the imposing Houses of Westminster, this simple, three-storey, 14th century tower often gets overlooked on the tourist trail. Built in 1365, the tower was used by King Edward III to store his treasures and wardrobe - remains of the original moat and medieval quay designed to secure the building can still be seen today. Items on display now include the Speaker's robes from the collection of the Houses of Parliament and an interactive touch-screen computer providing a virtual reality tour of both Houses of Parliament. Did you know? From 1869 to 1938 the Jewel Tower served as a weights and measures office. Address: Abingdon Street, SW1P 3JY 14th century royal tower. Best for: 14th century vaulted ceiling, medieval remains and ruins. Also known as: King's Privy Wardrobe

29 St. James's Palace is one of London's oldest palaces

30 St James's Palace

31 Lambeth Palace

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