Presentation on theme: "Essential Questions. August 4, 1789 Noblemen make speeches about liberty and equality Do you think these noblemen really wanted this? NO! Motivated."— Presentation transcript:
August 4, 1789 Noblemen make speeches about liberty and equality Do you think these noblemen really wanted this? NO! Motivated by fear than by passion Joined in to get rid of feudal privileges Which Estates will be impacted? 1 st and 2 nd privileges….GONE Everyone is Equal Old Regime DEAD
Aug. 27 1789 Nat’l Assembly adopts new ideals “Declaration of the Rights of Man” What ideas do you think they came up with? “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” What group was left out of the Declaration of the Rights of Man? Women Olympe de Gouges Fought for women’s rights beheaded
How do you think people would react if the government started taking their property and other properties that don’t belong to them? Why would a government do something like that?
Assembly took over the church’s land Priests and church officials became elected officials What do you think the Assembly will do with the land? Sold the land Why would they sell the land? Revenue
Which Estate paid a lot in taxes? 3 rd Couldn’t tax the Bourgeoisie Sell off the land to pay off debt How do you think the peasants would react? Didn’t like it Liked their priests Conservative Catholics Created a wedge between Bourgeoisie Peasants oppose revolutionary changes!
Louis XVI fears his days as monarch are over Felt his family was in danger Supporters of the king left France June 1791 Tried to escape to Austrian Netherlands Caught by a postmaster Recognized him from the $ Thoughts about the king now? Doomed
By 1791 major changes in France Limited Monarchy Created a limited constitutional monarchy King stripped of most powers Assembly the power to create laws King would hold power to enforce the laws
September 1791 King Louis signs the new constitution Legislative Assembly create laws Approve/ disapprove wars the King declared
What changes happened after Louis was caught trying to flee France? What does this painting represent?
Preview….the Assembly splits into 3 groups. In your opinion are political parties a good thing or bad thing? Explain your reasoning.
New gov’t….old problems What were the problems? Food shortages Gov’t debt Want more liberty These cries led to… Revolution leaders attacking each other! Legislative Assembly splits into 3 groups
Radicals (Liberal) Moderates Conservatives Come up with a definition for these three terms Once you have your definitions share and compare with a neighbors
Liberal (Radical) Favorable to progress or reform as in political affairs. Open to new ideas Moderate Being within reasonable limits, not excessive or extreme Conservative Favorable to traditional views and values, tends to oppose change
Radicals Sat on the left side of the hall Were called “Left- wing” Opposed the king and idea of a monarchy Wanted big changes in gov’t Common people have full power Moderates Sat in the Center Wanted some changes in the gov’t But not as much as the Radicals
Answer the following questions What do the divisions in the Legislative Assembly say about the differences in French society? What similarities and differences do you see between the political factions in the Legislative Assembly and those in the U.S. gov’t today?
Émigré Nobles and others who fled France What side do you think they were on? On the Right…..Far Right Goal Undo the Revolution Restore Old Regime
Sans-culottes “those without knee breeches” What side do you think they were on? Far left They were Shopkeepers Parisian wage earners Wanted a greater role To lower food prices Food shortages
1792-A lot has happened in France How do you think other European nobles/ monarchs feel w/ what is going on in France? FEAR IT! Austria and Prussia Want King Louis back in power How do you think the Legislative Assembly responded to that? Declaring WAR
European leaders thought they were helping King Louis XVI What shape do you think the French Army is in? Poorly equipped and trained Summer of 1792 Enemy marched closer to Paris July 25 Prussia threaten to destroy Paris if anyone harmed the Royal Family
Aug. 10 20,000 invaded the Tuileries 900 guardsman tried to defended the Royal Family Guards were over powered Royal Family imprisoned
Parisians joined in to fight Prussia Rumor that if Parisians left Imprisoned Royalist will regain Paris Fearful Raided prisons and murdered over 1,000 prisoners Legislative Assembly Responded Giving up on a limited monarchy Set aside the Constitution Dissolved the assembly
National Convention Sept. 21 Abolished the monarchy Established a republic Everyman had the right to vote King Louis Common man and prisoner
Middle Class People Jacobins Wanted to remove the king Establish a Republic Jean Paul Marat Ran a newspaper Called for heads to be chopped OFF!!!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2D7 nQk2Cyc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2D7 nQk2Cyc Jacobins influenced the trial King Louis guilty of treason Sentenced to DEATH!
Who was France fighting? Prussia and Austria GB, Holland and Spain join in 1793 National Convention Draft of 18-40 year olds
Jacobins had thousands of enemies within France Peasants were mad Priests now following gov’t rules Other leaders causing problems How would you go about controlling these enemies?
Takes over 1 st mission Wipe out every trace of France’s past! “Republic of virtue” Changes Families changed their names Playing cards changed Calendar was changed Closed churches All these represented Revolutionary ideas
1793-Committee of Public Safety Led by Robespierre What you think their job was? Protecting France during war BUT…. Robespierre had total power Decided who would be guillotined
1793-1794 What type of leader was Robespierre? Basically a dictator Reasoning? Stay true to the revolution Off with their heads Who do you think he went after? People who challenged him Not as radical as him
3,000 were executed in Paris Estimated 40,000 were killed 85% were who? Peasants Urban poor Middle Class
1794 How do you think the people feel around Robespierre? AFRAID!!! Turn against him “Down w/ the tyrant” July 28…Robespierre lost his head
If you are France what type of gov’t are you going to setup? A form of democracy Two house legislature 5 member group to be the executive branch (Directory) Stability finally arrived Selected a new general….any ideas who?