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The French Revolution CHAPTER 22, SECTION 3 THE RADICAL STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION.

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Presentation on theme: "The French Revolution CHAPTER 22, SECTION 3 THE RADICAL STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 The French Revolution CHAPTER 22, SECTION 3 THE RADICAL STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION

2 After the Constitution of 1791…  The bourgeoisie had brought about many changes during the first phase of the revolution  Ended special privileges, limited the king’s powers  Some people felt the revolution had gone too far...but some felt that it had not gone far enough.  What followed is now described as the second stage, or the radical stage of the revolution.

3 The Royal family flees...  Marie Antoinette makes plans for their escape to the Austrian Netherlands.  They attempt to flee June 20,  Arrested and forced to return to Paris.  King Louis XVI lost any remaining support that he had from the people of France.

4 The Sans-culottes…  After the King tries to flee, radicals want France to become a republic.  Many urban workers became radicals  Among these radicals are the sans-culottes  Wage earners and small shopkeepers  So far, the urban workers had gained fewer benefits than the bourgeoisie and the peasants.  They wanted more control in the government, high wages, lower food prices, and an end to food shortages.  Some bourgeoisie saw this as a threat, others capitalized on the opportunity to become leaders of the radicals.

5 War with Austria and Prussia…  The French worried that Austria might help the émigrés start a counterrevolution and bring back the Old Regime  They decided to strike first – declared war on Austria  Prussia joined Austria and they both invaded France  During the war, a new, radical government took over – the Commune

6 Execution…  The Commune had the king arrested  They also got rid of the National Assembly and created the National Convention  All adult males could vote for the national convention – not just taxpayers  The National Convention felt that the king and his family were traitors and a threat to the revolution  They voted to have the king executed by guillotine  Marie Antoinette was executed a few months later

7 Back to the war…  The war started to go better for France – they kicked out the Prussians and Austrians  They invaded Austrian Netherlands  Other countries got nervous  Britain and Spain joined with Austria and Prussia  Now France was being overwhelmed and food was running out

8 Jacobins and Girondists…  Two factions within the National Convention  Jacobin – More radical, led by Robespierre  Girondist – More moderate  Both groups led by members of the Bourgeiosie  Jacobins used the crisis in France as an excuse to have Girondist leaders arrested  Jacobins created the Committee of Public Safety

9 Dictatorial Government…  Committee of Public Safety had almost unlimited power  Robespierre was its leader  Their job was to feed the hungry, stop enemy troops, and get rid of opponents of the government  They created a draft to build up France’s army  They created the largest army in the history of the world – over 1 million soldiers

10 The Reign of Terror…  Robespierre and the Jacobins decide to get rid of anyone who criticizes their government  They begin jailing and executing people  Committee of Public Safety executes between 20,000 and 40,000 people  The trials were a unjust – No proof was needed to sentence someone to death; just a rumor was enough to get the guillotine  When the French realized they had gone too far, they blamed Robespierre  Robespierre was executed on July 28, 1794

11 After Robespierre…  The reign of terror ended and the Jacobins were driven from power  A new government called the Directory was created  Made up of five men  Mostly represented the Bourgeoisie  They were a weak government  Ruled for about five years – until the end of the French Revolution


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