Presentation on theme: "Chapter 22, Section 3 The Radical stage of the revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 22, Section 3 The Radical stage of the revolution The French RevolutionChapter 22, Section 3The Radical stage of the revolution
2 After the Constitution of 1791… The bourgeoisie had brought about many changes during the first phase of the revolutionEnded special privileges, limited the king’s powersSome people felt the revolution had gone too far...but some felt that it had not gone far enough.What followed is now described as the second stage, or the radical stage of the revolution.
3 The Royal family flees...Marie Antoinette makes plans for their escape to the Austrian Netherlands.They attempt to flee June 20, 1791.Arrested and forced to return to Paris.King Louis XVI lost any remaining support that he had from the people of France.
4 The Sans-culottes…After the King tries to flee, radicals want France to become a republic.Many urban workers became radicalsAmong these radicals are the sans-culottesWage earners and small shopkeepersSo far, the urban workers had gained fewer benefits than the bourgeoisie and the peasants.They wanted more control in the government, high wages, lower food prices, and an end to food shortages.Some bourgeoisie saw this as a threat, others capitalized on the opportunity to become leaders of the radicals.
5 War with Austria and Prussia… The French worried that Austria might help the émigrés start a counterrevolution and bring back the Old RegimeThey decided to strike first – declared war on AustriaPrussia joined Austria and they both invaded FranceDuring the war, a new, radical government took over – the Commune
6 Execution… The Commune had the king arrested They also got rid of the National Assembly and created the National ConventionAll adult males could vote for the national convention – not just taxpayersThe National Convention felt that the king and his family were traitors and a threat to the revolutionThey voted to have the king executed by guillotineMarie Antoinette was executed a few months later
7 Back to the war…The war started to go better for France – they kicked out the Prussians and AustriansThey invaded Austrian NetherlandsOther countries got nervousBritain and Spain joined with Austria and PrussiaNow France was being overwhelmed and food was running out
8 Jacobins and Girondists… Two factions within the National ConventionJacobin – More radical, led by RobespierreGirondist – More moderateBoth groups led by members of the BourgeiosieJacobins used the crisis in France as an excuse to have Girondist leaders arrestedJacobins created the Committee of Public Safety
9 Dictatorial Government… Committee of Public Safety had almost unlimited powerRobespierre was its leaderTheir job was to feed the hungry, stop enemy troops, and get rid of opponents of the governmentThey created a draft to build up France’s armyThey created the largest army in the history of the world – over 1 million soldiers
10 The Reign of Terror…Robespierre and the Jacobins decide to get rid of anyone who criticizes their governmentThey begin jailing and executing peopleCommittee of Public Safety executes between 20,000 and 40,000 peopleThe trials were a unjust – No proof was needed to sentence someone to death; just a rumor was enough to get the guillotineWhen the French realized they had gone too far, they blamed RobespierreRobespierre was executed on July 28, 1794
11 After Robespierre…The reign of terror ended and the Jacobins were driven from powerA new government called the Directory was createdMade up of five menMostly represented the BourgeoisieThey were a weak governmentRuled for about five years – until the end of the French Revolution