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The Early Years of the War. I. Americans Divided A.What sacrifices would you have to make to win your freedom?- 1.20-30% were loyalists 2.40-45% were.

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Presentation on theme: "The Early Years of the War. I. Americans Divided A.What sacrifices would you have to make to win your freedom?- 1.20-30% were loyalists 2.40-45% were."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Early Years of the War

2 I. Americans Divided A.What sacrifices would you have to make to win your freedom? % were loyalists % were patriots 3.The rest were neutral B.Slaves were divided-? C.Native Americans were divided-? D.Some families would also be divided-?

3 II. Creating an Army A.What problems might come up in raising an Army-? 1.The Continental Army never numbered more than 20,000- men didn’t stay in long B.The soldiers never had enough supplies- C.Women helped whenever they could-

4 III. Struggle for the Middle Colonies A.One goal for the British was to control coastal cities- B.British hired Mercenaries from Germany-Hessians C.The fight moved to New York

5 IV. American Crisis A.Thomas Paine published a series of pamphlets called “The American Crisis” to raise soldiers spirits

6 V. Back Across the Delaware A.December 25, 1776 Washington’s troops rowed across the Delaware to N.J. and marched to Trenton B.They caught the Hessians sleeping and defeated their force C.Washington won another victory at Princeton 8 days later

7 VI. Britain’s Strategy A.Take the Hudson River Valley- cut New England off from the other colonies (divide and conquer) 1.Americans drove off cattle and took any kind of supplies so the British could not use them 2.The British Split forces 3.Howe invaded Pennsylvania (Sep 1777) and defeated Washington but failed to capture him

8 VII. Battles Along the Mohawk A.British forces struggled to defeat Ft. Stanwix in the Mohawk River Valley of N.Y. 1.British had Native Allies led by Mohawk chief Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea) 2.American General Benedict Arnold sent some Iroquois (American Allies) to spread a rumor to the British that he had a massive force on the way to help at Stanwix 3.The British retreated so quickly that they left cannons, tents, and supplies behind B.Britain's plan failed due to their inability to follow it

9 VIII. Saratoga A.The British sent out raiding parties looking for supplies and encountered American troops, the British were defeated in this encounter B.The British continued to move towards Albany and ran into General Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold (American Generals) 1.Gates had built up Fortifications before the British had arrived 2.Charge after charge Americans turned back the British advances C.Americans win the Battles of Saratoga

10 IX. Effects of Saratoga A.Benedict Arnold married a woman who was a loyalist B.Over time Arnold felt that he had not been rewarded enough for his actions at Saratoga 1.He betrayed his army and agreed to turn over an American fort to the British 2.His plot was discovered before it could be carried out 3.He escaped to England C.Winning Saratoga showed Europeans that Americans might actually win the war


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