4How many people use mobility devices? There are 6.8 million Americans living in the community who use an assistive device to help them with mobility 27.4%of Americans who use mobility devices are in the labor force These statistics are from following document Kaye, H. S., Kang, T. and LaPlante, M.P. (2000). Mobility Device Use in the United States. Disability Statistics Report, (14). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Available online at
5Impairments which may require use of a mobility device ArthritisAmputationALSBack conditionsCancerCerebral PalsyHeart DiseaseHemiplegiaHip conditionsKnee ConditionsMultiple SclerosisMuscular DystrophyMyasthenia GravisLupusOsteoporosisParaplegiaParkinson’s DiseaseQuadriplegiaRespiratory DisordersSpina BifidaSpinal Cord InjuryStroke
6Types of mobility devices CanesCrutchesWalkersKnee WalkersRollatorsWheelchairsManual and ElectricStandingOutdoorScooters
7Mobility Impairments in the Workplace Accessing the work siteAccessing the work spaceAccessing information technologyBending, stooping, and kneelingReachingMaintaining balanceSitting for prolonged periodsStandingWalkingLifting materialsCarrying and moving materialsLifting peopleDriving or operating vehicles
8Accessing the Worksite Install automatic door openersAccessible door handlesParkingModify the building to make it accessibleRampsChair liftsStair liftsElevatorsRestrooms
9Accessing the Worksite Moving employee to accessible locationAllowing or providing mobility devicesScooterWheelchairManualPoweredAll-Terrain
10Emergency Evacuation Motor Impairments Employers should remove any physical barriers (boxes, supplies, furniture) to insure a barrier-free route of travel out of the building.Employers may want to provide heavy gloves to protect individuals' hands from debris when pushing their manual wheelchairs, a patch kit to repair flat tires, and extra batteries for those who use motorized wheelchairs or scooters. Arrangements should also be made to make wheelchairs available after evacuation.
11Designate areas of rescue assistance Emergency evacuationDesignate areas of rescue assistanceProviding emergency evacuation mobility aids
12Accessing the Workspace Providing accessible route of travelModifying workstation to make it accessibleErgonomic chairsArticulating keyboard trays and mousing surfacesFoot rests and forearm supportsHeadsetsSlant boards and copy holders
13Accessing the Workspace Desk-A-LatorsProvide adjustable workstation that can allow a wheelchair user access to the desk, or allow alternating between sitting and standingAccessible workstations for office settingsAccessible workstations for industrial settings
14Accessing Information Technology Alternative keyboardsAlternative miceSpeech recognition
15Accommodations for Climbing Aerial LiftsWork platformsProvide reacherProvide safety ladders foremployees who must useladders
16Bending, Stooping, and Kneeling Raise equipment or material on which the employee is workingProvide low stool or creeperRacatacProvide reacher
17Set up workstation to minimize reaching Provide reacher Job restructuring
18Provide safety ladders for employees who must use ladders Maintaining BalanceProvide safety ladders for employees who must use laddersProvide or allow use of mobility aidsCanesWalkers with seatsRollatorsWheelchairScooter
19Sitting for Prolonged Periods Providing adjustable workstationUsing ergonomic chairsSeat cushions
20Sitting for Prolonged Periods Implementing ergonomic principlesMonitor risersArticulating keyboard and mouse traysFoot rests and forearm supportsHeadsetsLumbar cushionsCopyholders, page turners, and book holdersTask lighting
21Standing for Prolonged Periods Adjustable and accessible workstationsStand-lean stoolsAnti-fatigue mattingStand-up wheelchairsErgoMates
22Communicating with email, IM, two-way radios and cell phones ErgoMates WalkingCommunicating with , IM, two-way radios and cell phonesErgoMatesProviding or allowing mobility deviceWheelchairsScootersWalkers and rollatorsCanes
24Carrying and Moving Materials Carts and hand trucksMotorized cartsBaskets for walkers and rollatorsCarts that can be attached to a mobility device like a scooter
25Accessibility in Agriculture National Agrability Project
26Lifting People Adjustable and walk-up changing tables Adjustable examination tablesPatient liftsTransfer aidsIndependent living products
27Driving or Operating Vehicles Steering gripsVehicle cushionsAnti vibration seats and wrapsAutomatic clutchHand controlsPedal extendersSpecific seat belts and seat belt extendersSwivel seats and seat extendersLifters and carriers for mobility aidsAllow work from home
29Scenario 1A caller said an employee with a doctor's note stating he needs to telework because he can only walk 200 ft without experiencing pain/weakness due to neuropathy. The employee’s job is sedentary. They wanted some alternatives to working from home. We discussed the use of a mobility device and placing him closer to the common-use areas in the office, such as, the restroom, break area, etc.
30Scenario 2A school teacher with 30 years experience in the classroom has difficulty walking around the room in order to give one-on-one attention to her students and has difficulty balancing while standing in front of the class for prolonged periods. Her arthritis has worsened in the last two years making mobility an issue at work. We discussed the use of a sit-to-stand stool to use when lecturing and a rollator for some limited walking.
31Scenario 3Caller said they have a city employee working in grounds maintenance, but the employee has difficulty walking on uneven terrain and must haul bags of fertilizer throughout the area. She has a back condition resulting in restrictions of walking, carrying, and lifting. We suggested a powered scooter designed for outdoor use with a "yardcart" attached to the rear of the scooter.
32Scenario 4An employee has trouble lifting/moving heavy boxes of computer paper due to a shoulder injury; he works in an office setting and deliveries are made to the basement. He must lift/move the boxes while ascending the basement stairs. We explained the use of a stair-climbing compact material lift device.