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Parenthetical Citations in disgustingly gross detail.

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Presentation on theme: "Parenthetical Citations in disgustingly gross detail."— Presentation transcript:

1 Parenthetical Citations in disgustingly gross detail.

2 Reminder: / We use parenthetical citations to give credit to the people’s thoughts we use. / We give credit for: / direct quotes / paraphrasing / summarizing / We use parenthetical citations to give credit to the people’s thoughts we use. / We give credit for: / direct quotes / paraphrasing / summarizing

3 What’s a Direct Quote? / A direct quote happens when you write down EXACTLY what another person or author wrote, not just when you are conducting an interview.

4 Example / Example: “Green chile is part of my soul,” (McNamer, interview) said a former New Mexican resident.

5 What does paraphrasing mean? / Basically, paraphrasing is when you explain what your source said in your own words. You still have to give them credit!

6 Example / Example: Rule number 76 means you should never take advantage of excuses (East Hollywood High School Manbear Code ). / Notice how this gives you the same information that is in our citizenship posters, but a few words are changed. / Example: Rule number 76 means you should never take advantage of excuses (East Hollywood High School Manbear Code ). / Notice how this gives you the same information that is in our citizenship posters, but a few words are changed.

7 How is a summary different? / Paraphrasing is used for smaller concepts. When you summarize, you take a big idea and explain it in less complex terms.

8 Example / The St. Louis Rams destroyed the Arizona Cardinals winning streak (“St. Louis Rams hand Arizona Cardinals their first loss”). / Notice how we left out details about the football game but still gave our source CREDIT. / The St. Louis Rams destroyed the Arizona Cardinals winning streak (“St. Louis Rams hand Arizona Cardinals their first loss”). / Notice how we left out details about the football game but still gave our source CREDIT.

9 The general, garden variety citation (from a book): / We see Scout admit that she lies to her father when she says, “I said I could like it very much, which was a lie, but one must lie under certain circumstances” (Lee 128).

10 Two things to note: / We see Scout admit that she lies to her father when she says, “I said I could like it very much, which was a lie, but one must lie under certain circumstances” (Lee 128). 1.The author’s name and page number appear without a “p” or comma we know the number is a page we don’t need a comma, either 2.Punctuation appears outside the quotation there are certain circumstances that require punctuation inside the quotation…

11 “Certain circumstances:” / When the quotation has pertinent punctuation in it that change the meaning if omitted / The older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well- Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79). / But notice, there is still a closing punctuation mark after the citation / When the quotation has pertinent punctuation in it that change the meaning if omitted / The older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well- Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79). / But notice, there is still a closing punctuation mark after the citation

12 Speaking of Hemingway… / You might have noticed that the citation didn’t have an author in it! / The older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79). / That’s because I already gave the author credit! / Do you see it? / You might have noticed that the citation didn’t have an author in it! / The older waiter in Hemingway's "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" asks himself, "What did he fear?" (79). / That’s because I already gave the author credit! / Do you see it?

13 Trickery: / Citing the author this way (in the sentence itself) accomplishes two things: 1. It cites the author (duh). 2. It varies your sentence structure automatically for you! – this = good writing

14 What about those pesky internet sources? / Cite the author, forget the page number / no pages in cyberspace / No author? Should you really use the site? / if no one takes credit for it, is it a credible site? / If you must, cite the website / Cite the author, forget the page number / no pages in cyberspace / No author? Should you really use the site? / if no one takes credit for it, is it a credible site? / If you must, cite the website

15 Internet Example (Preferable) / If you MUST use one without an author, use the article title: / There is no truth to the rumor that al-Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country (“Coca-Cola No Al Queda”). / If you MUST use one without an author, use the article title: / There is no truth to the rumor that al-Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country (“Coca-Cola No Al Queda”).

16 Internet example (no title?): / There is no truth to the rumor that al- Qaeda has poisoned the Coca-Cola supply in our country (snopes.com). Note: I did not give the complete URL, only a snippet. The complete URL goes in your works cited page. Also note that the good folks at “snopes.com” DO take credit for their work Their names are Barbara and David Mickelson and they do a nice job fact-checking…

17 But again, / Try to use as few unaccredited web pages as humanly possible. / Source validity is a huge concern when the source takes no credit for their work.

18 Side note: / When we do literary analyses, like when we talk about Stargirl / Do remember that characters don’t talk, / authors do! / When we do literary analyses, like when we talk about Stargirl / Do remember that characters don’t talk, / authors do!

19 What? Interview sources? / Cite the last name of the interviewee. / Then that it was an interview.

20 Interview example: / As junior students, we were told that this paper is “dummy proof and it’s impossible to do wrong if you try” (Lesh interview). Note the same rules apply: 1.no comma 2.punctuation outside of the parentheses

21 Remember… / Parenthetical citations are just the beginning. Your complete citations should be listed on your Works Cited page or Bibliography.

22 Finally… / If you can out-perform the student on the next slide by creating a song that helps us memorize an aspect of MLA citations either on your own or in a group I will give you 5 points of extra credit.

23 / ambCy5YDE&feature=related ambCy5YDE&feature=related / ambCy5YDE&feature=related ambCy5YDE&feature=related

24 Works Cited Blackcatcia. "MLA Citation Memorization Song." YouTube. YouTube, 28 Mar Web. 07 Oct "Game Center." NFL : Arizona Cardinals at St. Louis Rams. Nfl.com, 06 Oct Web. 07 Oct Lesh, Benjamin. "Parenthetical Citations." Parenthetical Citations. 07 Oct Web. 07 Oct McNamer, Anna M. "Interview." Personal interview. 07 Oct Blackcatcia. "MLA Citation Memorization Song." YouTube. YouTube, 28 Mar Web. 07 Oct "Game Center." NFL : Arizona Cardinals at St. Louis Rams. Nfl.com, 06 Oct Web. 07 Oct Lesh, Benjamin. "Parenthetical Citations." Parenthetical Citations. 07 Oct Web. 07 Oct McNamer, Anna M. "Interview." Personal interview. 07 Oct


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