Stripes - 3 white The North, West & South - 2 blue: Top Lake Michigan & The North Branch of Chicago River Bottom The South Branch of Chicago River & Great Canal Stars - 1 st Fort Dearborn - 2 nd The Great Fire of 1871 - 3 rd The World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 - 4 th The Century of Progress Exposition (1933-1934) SYMBOLISM
FORT DEARBORN Built in 1803, to protect the settlers against attacks by Native American In 1812, it was destroyed in war with Great Britain In 1816, it was rebuilt In present, part of the fort outline is marked by plaques & a line embedded in the sidewalk & road near the Michigan Avenue Bridge and Wacker Drive.
THE GREAT FIRE OF 1871 On Oct. 8th, 1871 How the fire began is unknown to this day. Started in a barn owned by the O’Leary family The rumor O’Leary’s cow started fire by kicking over a lantern in the barn The firefighters were sent to the wrong neighborhood. Blaze spread quickly, - at least 300 pp dead, - 100,000 pp homeless, - $200,000 million worth of property destroyed By morning of Oct. 10, 1871 the fire died out, after 4 days the city was rebuilt.
THE CENTURY OF PROGRESS EXPOSITION (1933-1934) World’s Fair, to celebrate Chicago's 100th anniversary Opened on May 27, 1933 The theme of the fair was technological innovation. Located at the shore of Lake Michigan, between 12th and 39th streets. It was popular enough to get 39,000,000 visitors in 2 years.