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What is inquiry/Research??  A studious, systematic examination of facts or principles; research  Investigation or experimentation aimed at  the discovery.

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Presentation on theme: "What is inquiry/Research??  A studious, systematic examination of facts or principles; research  Investigation or experimentation aimed at  the discovery."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is inquiry/Research??  A studious, systematic examination of facts or principles; research  Investigation or experimentation aimed at  the discovery and interpretation of facts,  revision of accepted theories or laws in light of new facts, or  practical application of such new or revised theories or laws © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 1

2 Research is Everywhere  iPad and iPhone shift reading habits:  ipad-and-iphone-shift-reading-habits/ ipad-and-iphone-shift-reading-habits/  The Educational Value of Ugly Font  market/2011/01/08/the-educational-value-of- ugly-fonts/ market/2011/01/08/the-educational-value-of- ugly-fonts/  Building Self-Esteem through Facebook  03/01/facebook.self.esteem/index.html?eref=mr ss_igoogle_cnn 03/01/facebook.self.esteem/index.html?eref=mr ss_igoogle_cnn 2

3 Research is Everywhere (2)  Women are Better than Men?!  life/2011/02/women-are-better-than- men?currentPage=2 life/2011/02/women-are-better-than- men?currentPage=2  Go Easy On Yourself, a New Wave of Research Urges  easy-on-yourself-a-new-wave-of-research-urges/ easy-on-yourself-a-new-wave-of-research-urges/  Google’s Quest to Build a Better Boss  13hire.html?hp 13hire.html?hp 3 Research is everywhere: connecting the world to what we're learning (Graded)

4 Inquiry -- from three different perspectives  Basic:  scientific investigation to develop or enhance theory  Applied:  testing theory to assess its ”usefulness” in solving (instructional or educational) problems  Evaluation:  determining whether a program, product, or process warrants improvement, has made a difference or impact, or has contributed to general knowledge or understanding 4

5 Inquiry calls for systematic thinking  What research (as we’ll study it) is not:  Mere information gathering  Mere information assembly  Mere rummaging for information  An abstraction (e.g., suggesting that “years of research” have led to ________________) © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 5

6 6 The research/evaluation dichotomy: real or contrived? Evaluation differs from other kinds of research in that...  central questions are derived from policymakers and practitioners,  results are generally used to improve programs, projects, products, or processes,  it tends to occur in turbulent action settings,  results are often reported to nonresearch audiences.

7 Why ED 690 in COE master’s programs?  To understand …  your field’s historical roots: its genesis, drivers, etc.  the issues and ideas about which practitioners have been and are now most interested  how your field has been explored/examined: techniques, strategies, methods  The research base informs the performance solutions we develop/implement—from insights into audience needs to facilitation models and assessment options © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 7

8 The topics we’ll cover  The tools of research  Formulating a research “problem”  Determining a research design  traditional and eclectic, quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods  Collecting data/triangulating data:  techniques, sampling, reliability, validity  Analyzing data:  conceptually and “technically” © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 8

9 Working with complex terminology  Theory  Approach  Model  Principle  Guideline  Heuristic  Framework  Frame of reference  Orientation © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 9

10 Why conduct research (broadly)  To judge merit or worth  (accountability, accreditation/licensing, cost-benefit decisions)  To improve programs  (identify strengths and weaknesses, ensure quality, or check progress toward goals)  To generate knowledge  (make generalizations about effectiveness, build theory, make policy, extrapolate principles that may be applied to other settings) 10

11 Why conduct research (specifically)  To describe what happens  thus providing evidence regarding the short- and long-term effects of ….  To determine cost-effectiveness  To improve existing programs  To document successes and mistakes  To predict how variables might impact/affect specific situations  To explain or identify promising theories associated with specific phenomenon 11

12 Research and decision-making (1)  Applied research (including evaluation) helps people make a wide array of instrumental action decisions, e.g.:  making midcourse corrections  continuing, expanding, or institutionalizing a program … or cutting, ending, or abandoning it  testing a new program idea  choosing the best of several alternatives  deciding whether or not to continue funding 12

13 Research and decision-making (2) Applied research (including evaluation) help people make a wide array of organizational decisions, e.g.:  recording program history  providing feedback to practitioners  highlighting program goals  establishing accountability  understanding social intervention 13

14 Personal Traits of A “Good” Investigator  Methodical  Logical  Systematic  Organized  Able to manage time, to prioritize tasks  Good with people/able to connect, commands respect, inquisitive/curious, not easily swayed by rumor and innuendo, persistent, tenacious, calm, etc. 14

15 Research and Researchers in the Big Bang Theory © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 15

16 Research and Researchers in the Big Bang Theory © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 16

17 Research and Researchers in the Big Bang Theory © 2009, MJ Bober-Michel; all rights reserved 17

18 Sex and the City 18

19 “Criteria”  As an researcher, then, you are expected...  to be competent  to be honest and demonstrate integrity  to show respect for people  to be politically savvy  to work systemically  to make data-based decisions 19


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