Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 The Informal Organization. 2 Learning Objectives 1)Compare and contrast the formal and informal organizations. 2)Discuss some of the behavioral."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 5 The Informal Organization
2 Learning Objectives 1)Compare and contrast the formal and informal organizations. 2)Discuss some of the behavioral controls used by members of the informal organization to ensure compliance with the norms. 3)Explain how the informal communication network functions. 4)Identify the primary benefits associated with the informal organization.
3 Learning Objectives (contd.) 5)Identify the primary disadvantages associated with the informal organization. 6)Cite some of the ways in which a manager can deal with the informal organization. 7)Discuss how to successfully complete an employment interview.
4 Features of an Informal Organization Interpersonal relations Informal leadership Behavioral control Dependency
5 Figure Who Helps Whom?
6 Types of Relationships in Informal Networks 1.The advice network shows who provides helpful information to whom. 2. The trust network shows who shares delicate information with whom. 3. The communication network shows who regularly talks with whom about work- related matters.
7 Figure Formal Authority
8 Figure Informal Power
9 Organizational Goals and Individual-Group Goals The Organization GoalsThe Individual-Group Goals Good profit High return on investment Adequate worker efficiency High-quality goods/services Strong competitive posture Low tardiness/absenteeism Low turnover Good pay Job security Adequate fringe benefits Challenging work A chance to achieve Work satisfaction
10 Table Average versus Successful Managers: How They Spend Their Time
11 Informal Communication Networks Wayne Nancy Ken Lois Don Al Ken Lois DonAl Nancy Wayne Gossip Chain Single Strand (Least frequent)
12 Informal Communication Networks (contd.) Ken Lois Don Al Nancy Wayne Al Wayne Nancy DonLoisKen Probability Chain Cluster Chain (Most Frequent)
13 Causes for Grapevine Activity 1.Information is lacking 2.Insecurity in a situation 3.Personal interest is involved 4.Possession of new information
14 Figure Informal versus Formal Groups
15 Benefits of the Informal Organization 1)Getting Things Done 2)Lightening Managerial Workload 3)Providing Job Satisfaction 4)Serving as a Safety Valve 5)Providing Feedback to Managers
16 Figure 5.8 – The Informal Organization in Action
17 Disadvantages of the Informal Organization 1)Resistance to Change 2)Goal Conflict 3)Conformity Problems 4)Rumor
18 Dealing with the Informal Organization 1)Recognize Its Inevitability 2)Influence Its Direction 3)Stay Abreast of Changes
19 Key Terms in the Chapter Sociogram Advice network Trust network Communication network Authority Power Satisficing behavior Networking Nucleus group Fringe group Outer group Grapevine Single strand Gossip chain Probability chain Cluster chain Goal conflict Conformity Rumor Selective filtering Elaboration
20 Key Terms in the Chapter (contd.) Node central connectors Boundary spanners Gatekeepers Bridges Experts Interview etiquette