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from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad by Ann Petry Introducing the Selection Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence Reading Focus:

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Presentation on theme: "from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad by Ann Petry Introducing the Selection Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence Reading Focus:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad by Ann Petry Introducing the Selection Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer Feature Menu

3 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad by Ann Petry How much should a person sacrifice for freedom?

4 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad by Ann Petry Click on the title to start the video.

5 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Introducing the Selection As the fleeing slaves traveled on foot by night, they encountered many difficulties and dangers. In 1851, Harriet Tubman led a group of eleven slaves to freedom. During the month-long journey, she struggled to avoid capture on the trip from Maryland to Canada.

6 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Introducing the Selection As you read the selection, think about how the system Tubman used to lead slaves to freedom came to be called the “Underground Railroad.” [End of Section]

7 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence A biography is the story of someone’s life written by another person. Biographers work hard to make their subjects come to life on the page. I want my readers to experience what it’s like to walk in my subject’s shoes, so I use lots of details.

8 Humanitarian Mother Teresa cares for an orphan in Calcutta. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence The biography writer helps us “meet” the people in a biography. We observe actions and motivations, Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. leads a peace rally. interactions with others. values, and President and Mrs. Kennedy greet fans at the Orange Bowl in Florida.

9 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence In nonfiction, a text is coherent if the important details support the main idea and connect to one another in a clear order. detail 1detail 2detail 3detail 4 MAIN IDEA

10 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence A good biography has coherence. Its details come together in a logical order... infant toddler child teen... making the biography easy to understand.

11 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence Biographers use details to help us feel we know the people about whom they are writing. I feel like I know what this person’s life was really like. born in a farmhouse in 1823 attended a one- room schoolhouse married childhood sweetheart at 24 became an award- winning reporter started a newspaper [End of Section]

12 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea The main idea is the central idea or message of a nonfiction text. Main Idea

13 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea To find the main idea, look for key statements made by the writer and for details that point to an important idea. key statement detail

14 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea Read the following passage, looking for key statements and details. key statementdetail Language can be tricky. For example, the word salsa has more than one meaning. Salsa commonly describes a sauce that’s used as a dip for chips or a dressing on vegetables. The sauce ranges from mild to very hot. However, salsa also refers to a popular form of Latin American music. This music tends to be a combination of fast blues, jazz, and rock. Looking at the key statements and details, state the main idea of the passage. Language can be tricky. For example, the word salsa has more than one meaning. Salsa commonly describes a sauce that’s used as a dip for chips or a dressing on vegetables. The sauce ranges from mild to very hot. However, salsa also refers to a popular form of Latin American music. This music tends to be a combination of fast blues, jazz, and rock.

15 Main Idea The same word can have two very different meanings. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea To find the main idea, look for key statements made by the writer and for details that point to an important idea. Salsa is a kind of sauce. Salsa is a style of music. a dip for chips mild to hot blues, jazz, & rock Latin American a dressing for veggies

16 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea Into Action: As you read the biography, write down details that seem important. When you have finished, write the main idea. [End of Section] Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad “It was the largest group that she had ever conducted.” Important detail:

17 Find It in Your Reading from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer In this biography, Ann Petry turns historical facts into a dramatic story. [End of Section] As you read, record in a notebook objective, or factual, passages and subjective passages, which reveal the writer’s feelings and opinions.

18 Vocabulary

19 fugitives n.: people fleeing from danger or oppression. incentive n.: reason to do something; motivation. dispel v.: get rid of by driving away. incomprehensible adj.: impossible to understand. eloquence n.: ability to write or speak gracefully and convincingly. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary

20 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Fugitives are people who are trying to escape oppression or danger. Those who traveled the Underground Railroad were fugitives from the unjust system of slavery.

21 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary The campers became fugitives when a.they built a campfire. b.they set up their tent. c.they ran away from an angry bear.

22 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary The campers became fugitives when a.they built a campfire. b.they set up their tent. c.they ran away from an angry bear. What hardships might fugitives face while escaping oppression?

23 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary To some adults, teenage activities may seem incomprehensible. For example, they may find it impossible to understand why teens enjoy certain sports.

24 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary “I don’t get algebra,” complained Michael’s little brother. “It’s incomprehensible!” a.easy and straightforward. b.too difficult to understand. c.useful and valuable. Michael’s brother thinks algebra is

25 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary a.easy and straightforward. b.too difficult to understand. c.useful and valuable. How do you tackle a subject that seems incomprehensible? “I don’t get algebra,” complained Michael’s little brother. “It’s incomprehensible!” Michael’s brother thinks algebra is

26 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary An incentive encourages someone to do something. Driven by his motivation to earn a new bike, Keith promised to do his chores all summer: The incentive was enough to convince him to put in the extra work.

27 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary a.He wants to be a rock star. b.He wants to play in the school band. c.He wants to get his homework done early. What is most likely Jamal’s incentive for practicing the clarinet every day?

28 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary What is most likely Jamal’s incentive for practicing the clarinet every day? a.He wants to be a rock star. b.He wants to play in the school band. c.He wants to get his homework done early. What might be a student’s incentive to babysit after school?

29 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Bravely picking up the lizard, he hoped the hands-on experience would drive away his fear. Patrick wanted to dispel his fear of reptiles.

30 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary When Alexis heard some nasty gossip about her best friend, she decided to dispel the rumor. Alex decided to ____________. a.pass along the rumor to someone else b.refuse to listen to the gossip c.explain why the rumor isn’t true

31 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary What’s the best way to dispel a feeling of worry? When Alexis heard some nasty gossip about her best friend, she decided to dispel the rumor. Alex decided to ____________. a.pass along the rumor to someone else b.refuse to listen to the gossip c.explain why the rumor isn’t true

32 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary LeShawn spoke with eloquence at graduation. His impressive speaking ability brought the audience to its feet.

33 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Because Mariella is an eloquent writer and speaker, her guidance counselor suggested that she try out for a.the track team. b.the band. c.the debate team.

34 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Because Mariella is an eloquent writer and speaker, her guidance counselor suggested that she try out for a.the track team. b.the band. c.the debate team. Name someone who is an eloquent speaker. [End of Section]

35 The End

36 QuickTalk

37 How important is a person’s individual freedom to a healthy society? [End of Section] Discuss with a classmate how individual freedom shapes American society. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad QuickTalk

38 Build Background

39 In the Biblical book of Exodus, Moses is chosen by God to lead the people of Israel out of slavery in Egypt. Moses takes his people on a long, perilous desert journey and leads them to the Promised Land. [End of Section] from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad As you read this biography, look for reasons why Harriet Tubman was called the Moses of her people.

40 Meet the Writer

41 More About the Writer [End of Section] Petry earned a Ph.D. in 1931 and became a writer of books for young people and adults. Ann Petry was the granddaughter of an escaped slave who went north by way of the Underground Railroad. Petry grew up listening to stories. She said, “We always had relatives visiting us.... They were storytellers, spinners of yarns.” from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Meet the Writer

42 Preview the Selection

43 This excerpt from a biography relates how Harriet Tubman led a group of eleven people out of slavery in The fugitives traveled by night and slept by day, always on the alert. The risk of capture was constantly on their minds. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad [End of Section]


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