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The History of Soul Food and its connection with African Americans. By: kae middleton.

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1 The History of Soul Food and its connection with African Americans. By: kae middleton

2 Where does the term soul food come from. In the early 1960s the term “Soulfood” widely emerges in African American culture as a way for them to identify with their cultural aesthetics. In the 1960s African Americans rights and Black Nationalism movements are on the rise. Many African Americans sought to re-claim their part of the American cultural legacy. As terms like “soul brother,” “soul sister” and “soul music” were taking hold; it was only natural that the term “soul food” would be used to describe the recipes that African Americans had been cooking for generations.

3 C AROLINA T IMES Traditional Southern African American Cuisine This style of cooking originated from African American slave cooking. African slaves were given only the "leftover" and "undesirable" cuts of meat from their masters (while the slave owners got the meatiest cuts of ham, roasts, etc.). WHAT IS SOUL FOOD? - Kae Middleton, Nov

4 Brief History Goes back to “hog killing time” with emphasis on eating all parts of the pig. And, it was based upon economy, whatever was at hand. fresh fruits and vegetables from the garden or fresh buttermilk delivered by the family cow. Uses of spices, hot sauces, and peppers

5 FOOD Diasporas Southern food, often perceived as the quintessential American cuisine, is actually derived from a complex blend of European, Native American, and African origins that found realization in the hands of enslaved people. While Southern food has evolved from sources and cultures of diverse regions, classes, races, and ethnicities, African and African American slaves have one of the strongest yet least recognized roles For enslaved people, cooking was about culture and community as much it was about survival. Through the horrors of the Middle Passage and bondage in North America, generations of slaves preserved and created culinary traditions that remain strong today. Southern food reminds African Americans of our ancestors and the struggle so it is made with love and done from the heart – soul food

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7 HOG KILLING

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9 SOUTHREN and SOUL, or Country? You may be wondering what's the difference between the two or three. They are the same things however, soul food typically describes the foods that originate through slaves or are heavily influenced from them. May have Jamaican, Cuban, and creole influences depending on the cook. It’s the spice and vibe that set it apart from country cooking.

10 YOUR INVITED Biscuits (a shortbread similar to scones, commonly served with butter, jam, jelly, sorghum or cane syrup, or gravy; used to wipe up, or "sop," liquids from a dish). Black-eyed peas (cooked separately or with rice, as hoppin' john). Butter beans (immature lima beans, usually cooked in butter). Catfish (dredged in seasoned cornbread and fried). Chicken (often fried with cornmeal breading or seasoned flour). Chicken livers. Chitterlings or chitlins: (the cleaned and prepared intestines of hogs, slow- cooked and often eaten with vinegar and hot sauce; sometimes parboiled, then battered and fried). Chow-chow (a spicy, homemade pickle relish sometimes made with okra, corn, cabbage, green tomatoes and other vegetables; commonly used to top black-eyed peas and otherwise as a condiment and side dish). Collard greens (usually cooked with ham hocks, often combined with other greens). Cornbread (short bread often baked in an iron skillet, sometimes seasoned with bacon fat). Chicken fried steak (beef deep fried in flour or batter, usually served with gravy). Cracklings': (commonly known as pork rinds and sometimes added to cornbread batter). Fatback (fatty, cured, salted pork used to season meats and vegetables). Fried fish: (any of several varieties of fish whiting, catfish, porgies, bluegills dredged in seasoned cornmeal and deep fried). Fried ice cream: (Ice cream deep frozen and coated with cookies and fried). Grits, often served with fish. Ham hocks (smoked, used to flavor vegetables and legumes). Your Invited to Kae’s soul food café! On the menu we have everything to feed your SOUL

11 Menu Continued Hog maws (or hog jowls, sliced and usually cooked with chitterlings). Hot sauce (a condiment of cayenne peppers, vinegar, salt, garlic and other spices often used on chitterlings, fried chicken and fish not the same as "Tabasco sauce", which has heat, but little flavor). Lima beans (see butter beans). Macaroni and cheese. Mashed potatoes (usually with butter and condensed milk). Meatloaf (typically with brown gravy). Milk and bread (a "po' folks' dessert-in-a-glass" of slightly crumbled cornbread, buttermilk and sugar). Mustard greens (usually cooked with ham hocks, often combined with other greens). Neck bones (beef neck bones seasoned and slow cooked). Okra: (African vegetable eaten fried in cornmeal or stewed, often with tomatoes, corn, onions and hot peppers). Pigs' feet: (slow-cooked like chitterlings, sometimes pickled and, like chitterlings, often eaten with vinegar and hot sauce). Red beans. Ribs (usually pork, but can also be beef ribs). Rice (usually served with red beans). PICK ANY FOR ENTIRES & MAKE IT MEAL, PRICES VERY UPON ENTIRES

12 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PoWjet8 1oAY&index=3&list=PLQMKh4LBO6xPC01- fWnIf9zMMDqQAZ0NU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PoWjet8 1oAY&index=3&list=PLQMKh4LBO6xPC01- fWnIf9zMMDqQAZ0NU

13 Fats…. I meant FACTS Obesity African-Americans are disproportionately affected by obesity. Among non-Hispanic blacks age 20 and older, 63 percent of men and 77 percent of women are overweight or obese. Diabetes African-Americans are nearly twice as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. In fact, about 15 percent of all African-Americans age 20 and older have the disease. High blood pressure The prevalence of high blood pressure in African-Americans is the highest in the world. Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease and stroke, and it can cause permanent damage to the heart before you even notice any symptoms, that's why it is often referred to as the "silent killer." Not only is HBP more severe in blacks than whites, but it also develops earlier in life. *Research suggests African-Americans may carry a gene that makes them more salt sensitive, increasing the risk of high blood pressure. Your healthcare provider can help you find the right medication, and lifestyle changes can also have a big impact.

14 Don’t blame it on soul food

15 R.I.P NEGATIVE ASSUMPTION Blaming soul food for all cardiovascular diseases in the African American community on the 18 th day of november in the year Kae

16 BAD VEGGYYYY

17 Healthcare

18 EXERCISE This food was originally eaten by slaves who worked sun up to sun down! So you must exercise in order to stay healthy while consuming “Soul Food”.

19 Cutting Back When preparing these foods attempt to use less fatting or salty items. Try to prepare it from scratch as much as possible. It never hurt to eat half portions Examples: Add turkey meat when roasting your vegetables instead of ham or add roasted tomatoes afterwards. Instead of buying your biscuits you could make it naturally from scratch.

20 MOVIE SYNOPSIS Summary: This film focuses on a family in the 1990s, held together by the affectionate Mama Joe. Every Sunday she makes the family get together for dinner. She and her three daughters prepare the meal. Unfortunately, Mama Joe slips into a diabetic coma and the 40-year tradition comes to an end. Without the attentions of Mama Joe, the family slowly begins to come apart. Lem cannot find a job, and eventually becomes enraged with his wife Bird when he finds out how she got him a job. Terri, furious with Lem because she thinks he attacked Bird, has a goon beat him up. Lem eventually winds up in jail. Terri's husband Miles has an affair with her cousin Faith. This leads to a rather funny scene in which Terri first chases her husband with a butcher knife and then Faith while they are all at a party. Mama Joe dies and Terri decides to sell Mama Joe's house against the wishes of her family. In order to reunite the family Ahmed lures the family back to Mama Joe's for a Sunday dinner.

21 OX TAIL STEW /sunny-anderson/oxtail-stew- recipe.html

22 NARRITIVE For me “soul food” is Food For the Soul behind that name is a whole vibe, a lifestyle, a world. When I walk into a soul food restaurant — whether it's Rudean's, with Tavares' "Heaven Must Be Missing an Angel" on the jukebox, or the Pink Teacup, with D'Angelo's "Brown Sugar" playing — I'm entering a warm, loving, totally unpretentious world where I know I'll be cared for and well fed. Not that I wouldn't be cared for and well fed at the little country diner with George Jones and Alan Jackson in the rotation: similar food, slightly different vibe, same down-to-earth folk — like the difference between soul and country music.- Mark Kemp

23 Work cited A film by Byron Hurt. Soul Food Junkies is a co-production of God Bless the Child Productions, LLC and the Independent Television Service (ITVS) in association with the National Black Programming Consortium (NBPC), with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). "Soul Food" a Brief History." Welcome To The Black Box, Personal Narratives in High Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov Lynn, Andrea. "Soul Food – History and Definition." Aboutfood. N.p., Web. 30 Nov Whitey, Micheal. "Soul Food's Contested History." The American Prospect. N.p., 31 Oct Web. 30 Nov LaBelle, Patti, and Laura Randolph. Lancaster. LaBelle Cuisine: Recipes to Sing about. New York: Broadway, Print LaBelle, Patti, and Laura Randolph. Lancaster. Patti LaBelle's Lite Cuisine: Over 100 Dishes with To-die-for Taste Made with To-live-for Recipes. New York: Gotham, Print.’ Henderson, L. "Ebony Jr! and "Soul Food": The Construction of Middle-Class African American Identity through the Use of Traditional Southern Foodways." MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 32.4 (2007): Web. Nettles, Kimberly D. "Saving Soul Food." Gastronomica 7.3 (2007): JSTOR. Web. 30 Nov Porter, William. "Soul Food: Denver Author Adrian Miller Busts Myths, Shares Recipes." - The Denver Post. N.p., 7 Sept Web. 30 Nov Bliburg, Larry. USA TODAY. N.p., 1 Nov Web. 30 Nov The best places one can eat some excellent soul food


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