Presentation on theme: "RUGBY. History The game of Rugby was invented in 1823 at Rugby School in Warwickshire It began when a schoolboy picked up the ball during a soccer game."— Presentation transcript:
History The game of Rugby was invented in 1823 at Rugby School in Warwickshire It began when a schoolboy picked up the ball during a soccer game and ran with it Today, Rugby is played in many countries. Including, UK, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Fiji, Samoa. There are also several varieties of Rugby, with slightly different rules.
The Ball The ball is oval in shape and made of leather It is about 30cm long and weighs 0.4Kg
Field & Scoring Rugby is played on a rectangular field There are two goalposts. The purpose of the game is to score the most points by achieving “tries” and “goals”. To score a “try” the ball must be carried across the goal line and placed onto the ground. When this occurs the scoring team is awarded 5 points and a “place kick” for a goal is permitted.
Field & Scoring “GOAL” (conversion) Place where the “try” was scored Conversion kick can be taken anywhere along this line
Practice kicking a Conversion on this website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/funny_old_game/games
Positions Each team has 15 players on the field at a time, 8 of these are forward positions: 2 props (1,3) 1 hooker (2) 2 locks (4,5) 2 flankers (6,7) 1 eight-man (8) 7 of these are “back” positions: 1 scrumhalf (9) 1 fly half (10) 2 centers (11, 12) 2 wingers (13, 14) 1 fullback (15)
Positions The purpose of the backs is to move the ball down the field and score a try. The ball can only be passed backwards so the backs will line up at 45 degrees. Backs are usually fast and agile
Positions Forwards are generally larger and stronger. Forwards act mostly as a support for the backs when on offense. On defense, forwards and backs both tackle the other team. Only the player who is carrying the ball may be tackled.
The ball is passed from player to player to avoid to avoid the other team’s players
Scrums & Lineouts If the ball is ever or goes out of play (e.g. over the sideline) then there is a scrum or a lineout to put the ball back into play
Scrums A scrum is a formation of forwards in which each team is attempting to gain possession of the ball. The eight forwards from each team mass together in a crouched position and lock together. Each team, facing each other, binds together and attempts to kick the ball out of the back of their side of the scrum. The scrumhalf rolls the ball into the scrum so that the two teams can fight for the ball. Then after the ball exists the scrum the scrumhalf is able to pass the ball off to one of the members of the back line.
Lineouts To form a lineout at least two forwards from each team line up, side-by-side, single file, perpendicular to the sideline. The two rows form a tunnel and the ball is thrown in from the side, down the tunnel.
Rucks A ruck occurs when a player carrying the ball is tackled to the ground. Opposing teams try to push each other away from the ball so that the scrumhalf can get the ball out and pass it down the line of backs.
Mauls A maul is like a ruck except the ball carrier and the tackler remain standing and fight for the ball. Other teammates will join in and try to push the maul downfield and also try to strip the ball from the maul.
Other Rules The ball must be passed backwards, never forward. The ball is not permitted to move forward off any part of a player's body. This is a knock-on. Tackles above the shoulders are illegal. This is considered a high tackle and is very dangerous. The ball cannot be played on the ground. When the ball carrier is grounded as a result of an opposing player, the grounded players may not touch the ball unless both feet are touching the ground. Kicking is permitted at any time in the game.
Cricket Traditionally, a leisurely game played on weekends during summer Has become an international sport (not so leisurely anymore) Played in England, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, West Indies