Presentation on theme: "What is Mario doing?. Starter Questions Have you ever played baseball? Which countries enjoy playing baseball? Baseball is sometimes called “American’s."— Presentation transcript:
What is Mario doing?
Starter Questions Have you ever played baseball? Which countries enjoy playing baseball? Baseball is sometimes called “American’s pastime”; what do you think this means?American’s pastime
Baseball which comes from Rounders that the British invented for small kids, became an extremely popular sport during and just after the American Civil War. It was called "America's Pastime" because during the late 19th and early 20th century it was probably the most widely played sport in the country. Before the invention of TV, Baseball was what kids did after school and on the weekends and during the summer...etc. It was literally how America passed the time.
The Baseball Diamond three bases and a home plate
How many players are on a baseball team?
catcher pitcher left fielder center fielder right fielder first baseman second baseman third baseman short stop
Types of Pitchers 先發投手 SP - Starting Pitcher 中繼投手 RP - Relief Pitcher 長中繼 LRP - Long Relief Pitcher 短中繼 MRP - Middle Relief Pitcher 終結者 CP - Closer 或 Close Pitcher
What does “Bullpen” mean? In baseball, the bullpen (or simply the pen) is the area where relief pitchers warm-up before entering a game. Depending on the ballpark, it may be situated in foul territory along the baselines or just beyond the outfield fence. Also, a team's roster of relief pitchers is metonymically referred to as "the bullpen". These relievers usually wait in the bullpen when they have yet to play in a game, rather than in the dugout with the rest of the team. The starting pitcher also makes his final pregame warmups in the bullpen. Managers can call coaches in the bullpen on an in- house telephone from the dugout to tell a certain pitcher to begin his warmup tosses
Why does it call “Bullpen”? The origin of the term "bullpen" has long been debated in baseball. One popular notion is that the term came from Bull Durham tobacco. At one time most ballparks had ads on the outfield fences and Bull Durham was always near the spot where the relief pitchers warmed up. In those days all games were day games and the signs provided much needed shade. In 1910 the Bull Durham name was so closely associated with the ballpark, that signs where in almost every park in the country. These signs stood 40 feet long by 25 feet high. The company offered a $50 reward to any hitter who could hit a ball off one. In addition, any player hitting a home run in a park with a bull on the fence got a carton of tobacco. In 1909 there were 50 signs in place and 14 players won. The next year with nearly 150 Bull Durham signs being hit 85 times, $4,520 in cash and more than 10,000 pounds of tobacco was given out.
While this seems to be the most convincing theory of the terms origin, it should be noted that the term "bullpen" had long been used in the United States to denote either a log enclosure for holding cattle or a holding area for prisoners. This concept of it being an enclosure, along with some help from the Bull Durham promotion, may have strongly influenced the terms use. Another theory likens the relief pitchers to the reserve bulls in bullfighting, who are pinned nearby the arena should the starting bull be deemed unable to fight. Reference-The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary,Paul Dickson
Equipment for Baseball Umpires http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OWYgogjmMI&p=C3B5AE6CF4 3D9CCD&playnext=1&index=14http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OWYgogjmMI&p=C3B5AE6CF4 3D9CCD&playnext=1&index=14
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Play Ball 開始比賽 《高舉右手掌》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Strike 好球 《高舉右手握拳》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Safe 安全上壘 《雙手平舉》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Out 出局 《高舉右手握拳》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Fair Ball 界內球 《單手向場內壓》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Foul Ball 界外球 《雙手向外推或雙手高舉》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Time 暫停 《雙手掌高舉》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Home Run 全壘打 《右手握拳旋轉》
裁判手勢與口令介紹 Change 攻守交換 《雙手連續交叉打開又交叉３次》
How many baseball terms do you learn from this lesson? What are they? What do we call the person who throws the ball? What shape is the infield area? What is the person who is trying to hit the ball called? What is the place where he stands called? What is the person who sits behind the home plate and tries to catch the pitched balls called? What is it called, if the batter hits the ball and runs around the bases and to homeplate. Quick Review
What is it called if the batter misses the thrown ball? What is it called, if the pitcher's throw is too low, too high or too wide? Who decides if it is 'a strike' or 'a ball'? What is it called when the pitcher throws four balls and the batter goes to first base? What is one 'round' of play called? What happens if the batter has three 'strikes'? What happens if the player is tagged before he reaches the base? How many innings are there in a game?