ignominy (IG nuh min ee) – disgrace, humiliation, shame Synonyms: dishonor, contempt, infamy (IN fuh mee)
ignominy In ancient Rome, if a person lost their reputation, or “good name” they suffered ignominia (disgrace/dishonor). ig (without) + nominia (name)
aboveboard (uh BUV bord) – without dishonesty or trickery Synonyms: forthright(ly), straightforward(ly), overt(ly) (oh VURT, OH vurt)
aboveboard Originally a gambler’s term for shuffling and holding your cards above the table (or board) By shuffling and holding the cards above the table, the possibility of cheating was greatly lowered.
anecdote (AN ik dote) – brief story of an interesting or amusing incident Synonyms: sketch, fable, tale, narrative (NAR uh tiv)
anecdote 6 th century AD, historian Procopius recorded everything he saw and heard at court (including some sensational and indecent incidents). Never meant to be seen (due to its incriminating content), he labeled his journal Anecdota: an (not) + ek (out) + dotos (given) = not given out Now, it is a brief, often humorous tale
Example (for fun) Walter Johnson, who pitched for the Washington Senators from 1907-1927, once had two strikes on a batter. The batter started walking away when the umpire called him back. “What’s the use,” responded the batter, “you can’t hit what you can’t see.” This anecdote emphasizes the speed of Johnson’s fastball.
bedlam St. Mary of Bethlehem was built as a religious house in 1247, closed by Henry the VIII in 1536 and turned into an insane asylum Visitors in those days teased and tormented the inmates, creating uproar and confusion The word Bethlehem contracted to Bethlem, then to Bedlam
martinet (mar tuh NET) – strict disciplinarian Synonyms: taskmaster, slavedriver, authoritarian (uh thor uh TER ee un)
martinet Jean Martinet (killed at siege of Duisburg, 1672), lieutenant colonel, who was so strict, it almost caused a rebellion among the troops
Root Words Lith – stone Lithograph, megalithic Sect – to cut Dissect, section Peri – around or near Perimeter, pericranium Bibli –book Bible, bibliography Dict – to say Diction, dictate