Presentation on theme: "Rhetorical Devices and Poetry Vocabulary"— Presentation transcript:
1 Rhetorical Devices and Poetry Vocabulary 6th Grade ELA
2 Stanzaa division of a poem made up of lines put together to convey meaning or fit a certain rhyme or rhythm patternWhen writing poetry, skip a line between stanzas.
3 RhythmA flow of rising and falling sounds in a poem or song that helps give the verse a flowing soundConsists of stressed and unstressed syllablesExample: Hickory dickory dock,The mouse ran up the clock.
4 Echo Repeating of a sound, word, phrase or line in a poem In songs, this is usually called the chorus.Often helps connect stanzas to one anotherNext slide gives an example of a poem using echo
5 Sleeping Outside by: Kristine O’Connell George Small me,in a small tentstaked to a huge planetrolling slowly through open space –alone.still wide awakeunder a wide starred sky,almost – almost – feeling the earthturning.
6 RhymeRepeating the same ending sound in several words within a line, phrase or stanzaMany times, rhyme comes at the end of lines in poems and has a specific pattern such as ABAB or AABBExample: Jack and Jillwent up the hill,
7 Rhyme Patterns Jack and Jill went up the hill A To fetch a pail of water. BJack fell down and broke his crown, CAnd Jill came tumbling after. BAABCCB
8 AlliterationRepeating the same initial/beginning consonant sound in several words within the same line or phraseExample: The raging river roared.
9 Betty Botter by Mother Goose Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter’s bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So ’twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.
10 AssonanceRepeating the same vowel sounds in words that have different consonants within the same line or phraseExample: The mad cat ran after the rabid rat.
11 Repetitive Vowel Sounds - Assonance "As I was going to St. Ives, I met a man with seven wives, Every wife had seven sacks, every sack had seven cats, Every cat had seven kittens: kittens, cats, sacks and wives, How many were going to St. Ives?"
12 OnomatopoeiaThe use of a word that sounds like the thing that it stands forUsually these words are verbsExamples: Sizzle, Buzz, Smack, Rustle, Pop
13 The Sweetest Roll Drive draw and dish. can turn nothing into swish as I resist temptationto let one popfrom the topof the key.Could be worth three,but only if I make it.Fake itthen take it strongto the holewith soullooking to finishwith a finger roll.To the leftTo the rightearthbound legs take flightready to excite the crowdinto a frenzyVictory-Could be-if my finger rollcan clear the trees.As I rise highto the skyI Let flymy Allwith the Ballas the buzzer soundsand the swishfalls.The Sweetest Roll
14 Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration that emphasizes a point It is not meant to be taken literallyExample: I am so hungry I could eat a horse!
15 AppetiteIn a house the size of a postage stamp lived a man as big as a barge. His mouth could drink the entire river You could say it was rather large For dinner he would eat a trillion beans And a silo full of grain, Washed it down with a tanker of milk As if he were a drain.
16 PersonificationA type of metaphor in which human characteristics or feelings are given to an animal or objectExample: The young kitten jumped for joy!Example: The grass whispers softly in the wind.
17 The Cat & The FiddleHey diddle, diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon.By Mother Goose
18 SimileA way of describing something using the words “like” or “as” in a comparisonExample: Her hair is as beautiful as a sunset.Example: His eyes twinkled like stars in the sky.
19 FlintAn emerald is as green as grass, A ruby red as blood; A sapphire shines as blue as heaven; A flint lies in the mud.A diamond is a brilliant stone, To catch the world's desire; An opal holds a fiery spark; But a flint holds a fire.Christina Rossetti
20 MetaphorAll the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players, They have their exits and their entrancesWilliam Shakespeare
21 MetaphorA metaphor is a figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing. This allows us to use fewer words and forces the reader or listener to find the similarities.The simplest form of metaphor is: "The [first thing] is a [second thing]."Her home was a prison.In the above sentence, we understand immediately that her home had some of the characteristics of a prison. Mainly, we imagine, she could not leave her home. She was trapped inside. Why it was a prison we do not know, but that would be clear from the context--perhaps her husband forced her to stay at home, perhaps she was afraid of the outside. We don't know, but the rest of the story would tell us. What is important here is that in five simple words we understand a lot about her environment, how she felt and how she behaved. In this sentence, "prison" is a metaphor.
22 The Highwayman by Alfred Noyes The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees, The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas, The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor, And the highwayman came riding-- Riding--riding-- The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn-door.
23 Original sense of the word (example) Metaphor exampleOriginal sense of the word (example)The committee shot her ideas down one by one.Anti-aircraft guns shoot down planes.The private detective dug up enough evidence to convince the police to act.Dogs like to hide things. They bury bones and dig them up later.He broke into her conversation.Burglars break into buildings.The new movie was very popular. People flocked to see it.Birds flock together before they migrate.His head was spinning with ideas.Some computer hard drives spin at over 10,000 revolutions per minute.He was dressed rather vulgarly in a loud checked suit.I can't hear you because the radio is too loud.It wasn't long before their relationship turned sour.Sour food has an acid taste like lemon or vinegar
24 Extended MetaphorA comparison that is extended throughout a large portion of the poem.Usually big ideas with great elaborationExamples: Life is a Highway (Rascal Flatts), Firework (Katy Perry) – in these songs, two ideas are compared through the entire piece making them extended metaphors.