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Presentation on theme: "Poetry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry

2 What is Poetry? What it is, exactly, is less important than how it makes us feel. Eleanor Farjeon (1966) def. Not a rose, but the scent of the rose It’s a kind of language that says more and says it more intensely than ordinary language. (Laurence Perrine)

3 Poetry by Eleanor Farjeon (1966)
What is Poetry? Who Knows? Not a rose but the scent of the rose; Not the sky but the light in the sky; Not the fly but the gleam of the fly; Not the sea but the sound of the sea; Not myself but what makes me See, hear, and feel something that prose Cannot, what it is, who knows?

4 Poetry… by Carl Sandburg
is the opening and closing of a door, leaving those who look through to guess about what was seen during a moment

5 Elements of Poetry Rhythm Rhyme and sound Imagery Figurative language:
Comparison and Contrast personification Shape Emotional force, mood Diction

6 Diction Word choice Latinate and Germanic Diction
Consider connotations and denotations p. 3 With a wide mouth: 1) talkative, 2) odd looking Latinate and Germanic Diction Poetry is often associated with fancy or elaborate vocabulary. Is French a more poetic language than German? This need not be the case. Hesse uses simple, clear, unpretentious language Much more Germanic or Anglo-Saxon than Latinate

7 Latinate and Anglo-Saxon Diction
Old English is Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) in its forms, structures, and vocabulary. But at around 1100, the Normans invaded England causing French, a romance language (meaning it is derived from Latin) to mix with Old English. During the Renaissance ( ), thousands more words were imported directly from Latin. For this reason, English today mixes Germanic and Latinate roots. Often we can find pairs of words, near synonyms, of which one comes from an Anglo-Saxon root and one from a Latinate root. Sometimes there are three closely related words, one each from Anglo-Saxon, from Latin via French, and directly from Latin, as in kingly (Germanic), royal (from French roi), and regal (from Latin rex, regis). As a (very rough) general rule, words derived from the Germanic ancestors of English are shorter, more concrete, and more direct, whereas Latinate words are longer and more abstract: compare, for instance, the Anglo-Saxon thinking with the Latinate cogitation. Most “bad” language is of Anglo-Saxon ancestry: compare, for instance, shit (Germanic) with excrement (Latinate).

8 Germanic Latinate anger, wrath rage, ire flood inundate ask inquire friendly amicable begin commence give provide belief creed go depart bodily corporal god deity brotherly fraternal help assist child infant hen poultry come arrive hill mount deadly mortal motherly maternal earth soil new novel, modern fatherly paternal shut close first primary teach educate

9 Poetry for children Like poetry for adults but may comment in a different way Poetry that is cute, coy, nostalgic, or sarcastic might be about children, but it is not for them. (Charlotte Huck) Didactic or preachy poems are usually not insightful or particularly enjoyable. Micahel Rosen Speaks

10 Poems can be funny

11 The Purple Cow by Gelett Burgess
I never Saw a Purple Cow I never hope to see one; But I can tell you, Anyhow, I’d rather see than be one.

12 The Burp by Anonymous Pardon me for being rude. It was not me, it was my food. It got so lonely down below, it just popped up to say hello.

13 Poems can be ironic

14 The Vulture Hilaire Belloc
The culture eats between his meals and that’s the reason why He very, very rarely feels As well as you and I. His eye is dull, his head is bald, His neck is growing thinner. Oh! What a lesson for us all To only eat at dinner

15 Poems can be fun

16 Betty Botter Betty Botter bought some butter. "But," she said, "the butter's bitter. If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter. But a bit of better butter-- that would make my batter better." So she bought a bit of butter, better than her bitter butter. And she put it in her batter, and the batter was not bitter. So 'twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter! How good a tongue twister are you? 40 seconds and over: Too slow. Your grandparents could say the poem faster. 30 to 40 seconds: Not bad. You're probably a faster talker than the President. 20 to 30 seconds: Pretty good. You've been gifted with a fast pair of lips. 15 to 20 seconds: Excellent. You can out talk anyone around. 14 seconds or less: You are a tongue tying champion!

17 Poems are insightful

18 Fog by Carl Sandburg The fog comes On little cat feet It sits looking
Over harbor and city On silent haunches And then moves on

19 Caterpillar Christina Rossetti
Brown and furry Caterpillar in a hurry, Take your walk To the shady leaf, or stalk, Or what not, Which may be the chosen spot. No toad spy you, Hovering bird of prey pass by you; Spin and die, To live again a butterfly.

20 Poems can express serious feelings

21 How to paint a donkey by Naomi Shihab Nye
She said the head was too large, the hooves too small. I could clean my paintbrush but I couldn't get rid of that voice. While they watched, I crumpled him, let his blue body stain my hand. I cried when he hit the can. She smiled. I could try again. Maybe this is what I unfold in the dark, deciding, for the rest of my life, that donkey was just the right size.

22 Which Lunch Table ? Where do I sit?          All my friends          from last year           have changed;           my world is                  f r a c t u r e d                  l o p s i d e d                 r e a r r a n g e d.           Where do I fit?           Nothing is clear.           Can already tell           this will be            a jigsaw year. Swimming Upstream: Middle School Poems by Kristine O'Connell George Clarion Books, 2002

23 Poems can speak through their shapes (Concrete poems)

24 "Breezes," by Court Smith, A concrete poem THE WINDLESS ORCHARD,

25 A Gentle Breeze

26 People are always finding new ways to create poetry

27 Arms by Dan Weber
The poem uses the internet to create poetry in a new form.

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