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Kendra Farrow, CVRT.  VRTs address the physical, emotional, and social implications of vision loss  Provides counseling and training in NEW skills and.

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Presentation on theme: "Kendra Farrow, CVRT.  VRTs address the physical, emotional, and social implications of vision loss  Provides counseling and training in NEW skills and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kendra Farrow, CVRT

2  VRTs address the physical, emotional, and social implications of vision loss  Provides counseling and training in NEW skills and adaptive techniques  Success is based on level of independence and emotional adjustment  Work to enhance vocational opportunities, independent living, and educational development

3  OTs address physical, cognitive, psychosocial and sensory performance  Provides activities with an aim towards improving health, well-being, and quality of life  Success is based on increasing participation and performance  Engagement in daily life activities (occupations) that support health and participation in home, school, the workplace, and community life (AOTA, 2008)

4 OT  Work with all impairments as well as states of wellness  If billing insurance, Treatment is defined in the Plan of Care (POC) written by the OT & authorized by the physician OT must perform an evaluation to identify medical necessity of services  Anyone can refer. If utilizing medical insurance requires physician involvement VRT  Focuses on blindness and vision impairment  Has community B/VI connections  Free services, generally  Flexibility in service hours  Anyone can refer

5 1. OTs with training to work with Low Vision and may also work in the Blindness Stream. Services are directed at LV patients 2. OTs who work in other settings and may occasionally have a patient who is also experiencing vision loss. OTs in hospitals and nursing homes without LV training frequently provide vision services to clients with field limitations and loss secondary to brain injury

6  If we don’t use the same words with the same meanings, it leads to; misunderstandings, confusion, and frustration.  If we can’t communicate, we can’t work together.

7 Disability and Health (ICF)  Developed by the World Health Organization to help communication  Offers specific terminology and definitions to describe disability and functioning  OTs use this language

8 OT  Patient  SNF (skilled nursing facility)  MCB  Physician Prescription or Orders  Plan of Care (POC)  Training, Participation  Eccentric Viewing Training (EVT) Using Preferred retinal locus (PRL) VRT  Client  Nursing Home  Medicare part B  Referral  Individualized service plan  Teaching  Eccentric viewing

9  Low Vision – OT uses this phrase to describe vision rehabilitation, including legal blindness.  Low Vision – VRT uses this phrase to describe specific training

10 Terms  Blindism  Acuity  Photophobic  Charles Bonnet Syndrome  Lumens  Diopter Concepts  Perceived brightness  Color perception  Contrast sensitivity  Focal distance  Color temperature  Principles of task lighting

11  Reading an eye report  Measuring low vision using near and distance charts  Knowledge of low vision aids and appliances

12  Braille instruction  Transition services  Advocacy skills  Concept development  Training under blindfold  Adjustment to vision loss counseling  Link to vocational services  Sighted guide and protective technique

13  OT referrals must have: Visual acuity of 20/70 or worse Must have doctors’ orders and use medical codes, CPT and ICD9  VRT referrals are for clients who: Want to learn Braille Are not eligible for OT services Need only one appointment

14  Model developed 2007 by a group of professionals representing: Ophthalmology Low Vision, optometry Vision Rehabilitation Occupational Therapy The Consumer

15  In 2002, Medicare issued transmittal AB-02-78: Medicare Coverage of Rehabilitation Services for Beneficiaries With Vision Impairment  All licensed rehabilitative therapists eligible to provide and bill services provided to those with vision impairment “Medicare beneficiaries who are blind or visually impaired are eligible for physician-prescribed rehabilitation services from approved health care professionals on the same basis as beneficiaries with other medical conditions that result in reduced physical functioning.” (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2002)


17 Diagnosing Physician Older Blind or Vocational Occupational Therapy VRT O&M Community Services Low Vision Evaluation

18  Keep a positive attitude  Respect the OT  Offer training  Offer shadowing opportunities  Give resources  Keep the door open for further communication

19  Using a hand squeeze to detect tremors and strength  Exercises for hand-eye coordination improvement  Awareness of tripping hazards like throw rugs

20 Occupational Therapists  Over 100,000 OTs Vision Rehabilitation Therapists  Approximately 600 CVRTs  Up to 2,500 working in the field

21  Overview of types of vision loss Causes Different patterns of vision loss LV devices are not one size fits all

22  What is a Low Vision Exam? The importance of LV exam LV doctors in your area Stress the importance of using the correct device for each task

23  Blindness Services Your services and how to make a referral Funding for LV devices Courtesy rules for blindness Other specialized services NLS, Newsline O&M services Support groups

24  Introduction to Functional vision impairment assessments & screens  Consideration of co-morbidities  Centralized OT domain articulating occupational roles, participation & performance  Treatment, progress & discharge notes

25  Introduction to functional and acuity assessment tools  Implications of other disabling conditions  Scope of work of the OT  Documentation

26  AFB eLearning  The Carroll Center  Lighthouse  University of Alabama at Birmingham  Hadley School  The NRTC on Blindness and Low Vision

27  Low Vision Rehabilitation: A Practical Guide for Occupational Therapists, Second Edition  Occupational Therapy Interventions for Adults with Low Vision

28  Be proud of what you do  Keep up your certification  Educate yourself about medical terminology  Take opportunities to talk with OTs  Provide education when appropriate

29  Your role is valuable and needed  VRTs can be a great resource  Referring your patient to the VRT does not mean your services are unnecessary  Keep learning, you can never learn everything about vision loss

30  Communicate with your staff  Have specific expectations and goals  Support the VRT staff  Require LV qualifications from OT staff  Debrief and assess service delivery  Communicate with staff

31 Carmen Garcia-Hommel, OTL Occupational Therapist VisionCorps 244 N. Queen Street Lancaster, PA 17603 717.205.4145 717.291.9183 fax

32 Number of OTs  AOTA overview of LV Certification  /media/Corporate/Files/EducationCareers/CE/SCLV%20Overv iew.pdf VRT Scope of Practice  OT Scope of Practice  International Classification of Functioning 

33 662-325-8694 The National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision at Mississippi State University

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