# CPT – CRQ Practice. What do you see? First: underline, circle, and brainstorm 1. Define the following terms and how they apply to central place theory:

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CPT – CRQ Practice

What do you see?

First: underline, circle, and brainstorm 1. Define the following terms and how they apply to central place theory: (a) range of good or service (b) threshold population (c) hierarchy of market centers 2. Explain how the diagram at the left demonstrates the hierarchical relationship, characterized in central place theory, between the settlements shown on the map.

First: underline, circle, and brainstorm 1. Define the following terms and how they apply to central place theory: (a) range of good or service (b) threshold population (c) hierarchy of market centers 2. Explain how the diagram at the left demonstrates the hierarchical relationship, characterized in central place theory, between the settlements shown on the map.

1. Define the following terms and how they apply to central place theory: (a) range of good or service (b) threshold population (c) hierarchy of market centers 1. Definitions and description of how a term applies to central place theory. 1 point for each definition, 1 point for how the term applies to CPT.

(A) Range of good or service definition: the distance people will go for a good or service application: larger settlements are farther apart and offer services with high ranges while smaller settlements, which are nearer to each other, offer only services with small ranges.

(B) threshold population Definition: the minimum number of people needed in a settlement before a good or service will appear there Application: the larger settlements have all of the goods and services available in smaller settlements, plus additional services which have higher thresholds and only appear in them when they reach a certain population

(C) hierarchy of market centers

Definition: settlements range in size from large cities – with many services, to smaller villages and towns - with some services, to small hamlets – which offer few services. Application: there are fewer large settlements (cities) and they are more widely dispersed, then medium settlements (towns) which occur more frequently, and finally small settlements (hamlets) which are numerous and closer together

2. Explain how the diagram at the left demonstrates the hierarchical relationship, characterized in central place theory, between the settlements shown on the map. This is worth 4 points. Discuss what you see on the map / diagram. How many cities, towns and hamlets? Which would have the most services? Which would have the largest range? What types of services would be offered in the cities, towns, and hamlets? Gravity model

2. Explain how the diagram at the left demonstrates the hierarchical relationship, characterized in central place theory, between the settlements shown on the map. On the map you can see that there is only one city, which represents the top of the hierarchy of settlements in central place theory. It would have the MOST services because of its larger population and some of its services would have the largest RANGE, attracting people from the entire region shown. It would offer both high order and low order goods and services.

2. Explain how the diagram at the left demonstrates the hierarchical relationship, characterized in central place theory, between the settlements shown on the map. There are four medium-sized settlements (towns) which are in turn surrounded by 12 smaller villages. These would have fewer services and attract customers only from their immediate areas. These would offer mainly low order goods and services. The goods and services in these towns and hamlets, would require a lower threshold, and have a much smaller range.

Based on the gravity model, people in towns and hamlets closest the city, will be attracted to the city because of its intervening opportunities, transferability and complementarity. The city has a larger population, and the availability of high order goods and services.

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