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Chapter 3.1 Controls Programming In Visual Basic.NET.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3.1 Controls Programming In Visual Basic.NET."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3.1 Controls Programming In Visual Basic.NET

2 2- 2 Controls in the Toolbox Those controls that we will use in this class.

3 2- 3 The Name Property How the programmer refers to a control in code Name must begin with a letter Must be less than 215 characters long May include numbers and the underscore Use appropriate 3 character naming prefix

4 2- 4 Control Name Prefixes

5 2- 5 Text Box (txt) Used for user input/data entry Text Property –What is displayed in text box –What user entered in text box TextAlign Property –Controls alignment of text in the Text Box Change Event

6 2- 6 TextBox Control – Properties BorderStyle - defines the border surrounding the text box ForeColor, BackColor - defines the text color and background color respectively Enabled - controls whether the text box can get focus and will respond to events Locked - controls whether user can change the text appearing in the text box MultiLine - controls whether text will appear on multiple lines MaxLength - defines the maximum number of characters that the user can enter into the text box

7 2- 7 TextBox Control – Properties Name - defines name used to reference control instance with code –Again, use a standard prefix of "txt" ScrollBars - defines whether vertical or horizontal scroll bars appear in text box Text - contains the text appearing in text box TextAlign - justifies text within the visible region of the control instance X, Y, Height, Width properties define the position and size of the control instance

8 2- 8 TextBox - Methods and Events Focus method sets input focus to a text box Enter event fires when text box gets focus Leave event fires when text box loses focus TextChanged event fires when the the textual contents change at run time –The event fires for each character typed

9 2- 9 Button (btn) Used to run/activate an Event Procedure Click event Properties –Text – Change the text property to display text to user –Image – change image to use a graphic button –Forecolor – changes the color of the text displayed –Backcolor – changes the color of the button

10 2- 10 Label (lbl) Used for –Output on a form –Identification of objects –Directions/Information Cannot by modified by user

11 2- 11 Label Properties Text – used to display text or instructions to the user Font – change font size, color, appearance Image – use images to draw attention Autosize – adjust the label object to text entered into the text property textAlign – aligns the text displayed on the object

12 2- 12 Group Box (grp) Used as containers for other controls such as radio buttons and check boxes Improves readability of form Text Property –What is displayed on the top edge of the group box Splits the form object into separate planes –allows several groups of radio buttons on one form.

13 2- 13 Group box (grp) Group boxes must be added to the form before other objects are added to them. –You can not drag checkboxes or radio buttons from the form to the group box –The group box must have the focus of the cursor before you draw your other objects inside them Editing handles must be visible

14 2- 14 Check Box (chk) Used for user input/data entry Allows the user to select or deselect 1 or more in any group Checked Property –Checked = True –Unchecked = False CheckChanged Event – default event

15 2- 15 Radio Button (rdo) Used for user input/data entry Allows the user to select only 1 in any group First create a group and then create each radio button inside the group Checked Property –Checked = True –Unchecked = False CheckChanged Event – default event

16 2- 16 Picture Box (pic) Displays/contains a picture/graphic Image Property –Complete path and filename of graphic –.bmp,.gif (including animated),.jpg,.png,.ico,.emf,.wmf SizeMode Property –StretchImage causes graphic to be resized to match the size of the control Visible Property

17 2- 17 Other Properties BorderStyle Property – None, FixedSingle, Fixed3D Forecolor – changes the color of text inside object Backcolor – changes the color of object Textalign – aligns text property Enable –true (user can activate the object), –false (object us not available to user) Visible –True (object appears on form) –False (object is hidden at run time) TabIndex – set the order of the focus for controls on the form

18 2- 18 Properties and Methods Properties can be set at design time in the property box Or they be changed during program execution by statements in your code –txtHours.Text = "“ ‘ clears the content Methods are action performed on objects –txtHours.focus

19 2- 19 Selecting Multiple Controls SHIFT-Click or CTRL-Click to select/deselect multiple controls Use the mouse to drag a selection box around multiple controls To deselect all selected controls click elsewhere on the form

20 2- 20 Selecting Multiple Controls (cont.) Multiple selected controls, observe selection handles. Using mouse to drag a selection box around multiple controls Start here Drag to here

21 2- 21 What Can be Done with Multiple Selected Controls? Use Format Menu or Layout Toolbar to –Align them to each other –Make same size –Modify the spacing between them Move them as a group Set their common properties

22 2- 22 Designing the User Interface To the user the Interface should be –Easy to understand –Familiar –Comfortable –Organized –Sans Serif Fonts are best, not boldface or large –Color Neutral Overall –Keyboard Accessible

23 2- 23 Keyboard Access Keys Also referred to as Hot Keys Underlined Letter User presses ALT + underlined letter Use Windows-Standard Keys Defined using Text Property Text=&OK Text=E&xit

24 2- 24 Default & Cancel Buttons Default Button –Identified visually on Form by its darker outline –Responds to ENTER key –Form's AcceptButton Property Cancel Button –Responds to ESC key –Form's CancelButton Property

25 2- 25 Focus One control on a Form always has the Focus Not all control types can receive the focus TabStop Property (applicable only for controls that are capable of receiving the focus) –Designates whether a control is allowed to receive the focus; True or False

26 2- 26 Tab Order User should be able to use TAB key to move the focus through a form in an organized manner; top to bottom, left to right TabIndex Property –Number in tab sequence –0 for first control to receive the focus when the form loads In form’s graphic view – Use View Menu, Tab Order to set

27 2- 27 Setting TabIndex Property View menu, TabOrder Click on each control in sequence to set TabIndex property of controls automatically

28 2- 28 Form's Screen Location StartPosition Property –Manual –CenterScreen –WindowsDefaultLocation –WindowsDefaultBounds –CenterParent

29 2- 29 ToolTips Small label that is displayed when user places pointer on a control and pauses Usually used with Command Buttons Steps for creating ToolTips –Add a ToolTip Control to Form Appears in the Component Tray, pane at bottom of Form Designer where nondisplay controls are shown –Set ToolTip on ToolTip1 Property of each control to the text of tip

30 2- 30 ToolTip Control Component Tray

31 2- 31 txtName.Text = "" lblMessage.Text = "" txtCourse.Clear( ) Clearing Text Boxes & Labels Set Text Property equal to the Empty String –Empty String is 2 quotation marks with no space between them ("") Use the Clear Method of a Text Box

32 2- 32 txtName.Focus( ) Resetting the Focus Places the Insertion Point in a Text Box Use the Focus Method

33 2- 33 radRed.Checked = True chkBold.Checked = False Checked Property of Check Boxes and Radio Buttons Selects/Deselects Check Box or Radio Button Set Checked Property –True = Checked, selected –False = Unchecked, deselected

34 2- 34 VB Color Constants ForeColor and BackColor Properties Use VB Color Constants from the Color Class View complete list in Help by using the keyword Color followed by a period txtName.ForeColor = Color.AliceBlue lblMessage.BackColor = Color.White

35 2- 35 With txtName.Visible = True.Text ="Lynne". Focus( ) End With With and End With Change several properties at once in Code Will run more efficiently

36 2- 36 lblFullName.Text = txtFName.Text & " " & txtLName.Text lblNote.Text = "Today's weather is " & txtWeather.Text & "." Concatenation Think of it as "glueing" text strings together Example: txtFName contains First Name txtLName contains Last Name

37 2- 37 lblMessage.Text = txtFName.Text & "" & txtLName.Text & _ ", welcome to Aiken Technical College. Today is " & _ txtToday.Text Continuing Lines of Code For long lines of code it is more readable to continue them to the next line At the end of the line type Line Continuation Character, a Space followed by an Underscore

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