Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Test CPT with CMB Mingzhe Li Department of Physics, Nanjing University May 10, 2011 IHEP Beijing.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Test CPT with CMB Mingzhe Li Department of Physics, Nanjing University May 10, 2011 IHEP Beijing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Test CPT with CMB Mingzhe Li Department of Physics, Nanjing University May 10, 2011 IHEP Beijing

2 Outline Cosmological CPT violation Test CPT with CMB polarization experiments Explicit and spontaneous CPT violations Conclusions

3 CPT theorem: any local and Lorentz covariant quantum field theory with hermitian Hamiltonian must have CPT symmetry. ccosmoccosmo Cosmological CPT violation Cosmological CPT Violation

4 Cosmological CPT violation & baryogenesis : dark energy curvature ML, X. Wang, B. Feng & X. Zhang, PRD(2002), ML & X. Zhang, PLB(2003), Davoudiasl et al, PRL(2004) H. Li, ML & X. Zhang, PRD(2004)

5 Albrecht & Skordis, PRL(2000) Quintessence model with tracking solution Copeland, Liddle & Wands, PRD(1998).

6 Bean, Hansen & Melchiorri, PRD(2001); Doran & Robbers, JCAP(2006)

7 1, The electroweak Sphaleron violates B+L and will make as low as 100GeV, M should be GeV 2, If M is higher, e.g., GUT scale or Planck mass scale, the generated baryon number asymmetry would be very small compared with the observation. In this case we need leptogenesis Comments:

8 ML, J. Xia, H. Li & X. Zhang, PLB (2007)

9 the decoupling temperature of B-L violating interaction. Sphaleron conserves B-L and converts B-L asymmetry generated above to a same order of baryon number asymmetry.

10 Electromagnetic anomaly Generate cosmic birefringence, may be detected by astrophysics and CMB

11 The action integral is gauge invariant. Cosmological CPT violation and cosmic birefringence In flat space

12 Geometric Optics Approximation In curved spacetime Basic equations:

13 Stokes parameters I→ intensity Q&U→ linear polarization V→ circular polarization The polarization angle: Spin 2

14 In curved spacetime, introduce tetrads

15 Cosmic birefringence: rotation of the polarizaton direction Rotation angle

16 Test CPT with CMB Polarization Experiments

17 Spherical multi-pole expansion Power spectra

18 ScalarTensorr=0.22 Challinor & Peiris (2009) TB, EB vanish in standard LCDM model

19 E-mode polarization, first detected by DASI 2002

20 For homogeneous rotation angle Power spectra changed by cosmic birefringence

21 Without CPT violation, the correlations of TB and EB vanish Consider the rotation angle as a free parameter

22 CMBPol can detect Simulation result : Current Status


24 4) 5) 7) J.Q.Xia et al., A&A (2008) 6)J.Q.Xia et al., ApJL(2008) Komatsu et al., arXiv:0803.0547, ApJS(2009) J.Q.Xia et al., A&A (2008) P.Cabella, Natoli & Silk, PRD (2007) 1) WMAP Group 3) QUaD Group M.L. Brown et al., arXiv:0906.1003, ApJ(2009) Komatsu et al., arXiv:1001.4538 2) WMAP Group

25 WMAP7+B03+BICEP WMAP7+B03+BICEP+QUaD Jun-Qing Xia, Hong Li & Xinmin Zhang, PLB (2010) WMAP5+B03+BICEP

26 Comparison with laboratory CPT test Laboratory: spin-polarized torsion pendulum experiments To electrons Consider the velocity of the earth relative to the CMB rest frame Heckel et al. (2008) CMB polarization:

27 Explicit and spontaneous CPT violations Explicit: Gravitational field equation Einstein tensor symmetric and Inconsistent!

28 Constraint ML, Y. Cai, X. Wang & X. Zhang, PLB(2009)

29 TB and EB on RHS are due to CPT violation in gravity causes different spectra for left and right handed tensor perturbations and generates TB and EB of CMB at LSS.

30 Spontaneous: Not necessary to modify the gravity! Rotation angle depends on time as well as space

31 Spatial dependent rotation angle: ML & X. Zhang, PRD(2008)


33 A new method to produce B-mode polarization CPT violation Weak gravitational lensingW.Hu 2000

34 Recent progresses (1)How to De-Rotate the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization. Marc Kamionkowski, Phys.Rev.Lett.102:111302,2009. arXiv:0810.1286 Marc Kamionkowski (2)Constraining a spatially dependent rotation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization. Amit P.S. Yadav et al, Phys.Rev.D79:123009,2009. arXiv:0902.4466 Amit P.S. Yadav (3) De-Rotation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization: Full-Sky Formalism. Vera Gluscevic, Marc Kamionkowski, Asantha Cooray,Phys.Rev.D80:023510,2009. Vera GluscevicMarc KamionkowskiAsantha Cooray arXiv:0905.1687 (4) Non-Uniform Cosmological Birefringence and Active Galactic Nuclei. Marc Kamionkowski, Phys.Rev.D82:047302,2010. arXiv:1004.3544 Marc Kamionkowski (5) Cross-Correlation of Cosmological Birefringence with CMB Temperature. Robert R. Caldwell, Vera Gluscevic, Marc Kamionkowski,arXiv:1104.1634 Robert R. CaldwellVera GluscevicMarc Kamionkowski Reconstruct the rotation angle

35 Conclusions CPT violation in the early universe can be large enough to produce the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry and cosmic birefringence. Current CMB polarization experiments can be used to test CPT with high precision. CPT violation provides a new approach to produce B- mode polarization at late time.

36 Thanks!

Download ppt "Test CPT with CMB Mingzhe Li Department of Physics, Nanjing University May 10, 2011 IHEP Beijing."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google