Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byBrianne Nicholson Modified about 1 year ago

1
Test CPT with CMB Mingzhe Li Department of Physics, Nanjing University May 10, 2011 IHEP Beijing

2
Outline Cosmological CPT violation Test CPT with CMB polarization experiments Explicit and spontaneous CPT violations Conclusions

3
CPT theorem: any local and Lorentz covariant quantum field theory with hermitian Hamiltonian must have CPT symmetry. ccosmoccosmo Cosmological CPT violation Cosmological CPT Violation

4
Cosmological CPT violation & baryogenesis : dark energy curvature ML, X. Wang, B. Feng & X. Zhang, PRD(2002), ML & X. Zhang, PLB(2003), Davoudiasl et al, PRL(2004) H. Li, ML & X. Zhang, PRD(2004)

5
Albrecht & Skordis, PRL(2000) Quintessence model with tracking solution Copeland, Liddle & Wands, PRD(1998).

6
Bean, Hansen & Melchiorri, PRD(2001); Doran & Robbers, JCAP(2006)

7
1, The electroweak Sphaleron violates B+L and will make as low as 100GeV, M should be GeV 2, If M is higher, e.g., GUT scale or Planck mass scale, the generated baryon number asymmetry would be very small compared with the observation. In this case we need leptogenesis Comments:

8
ML, J. Xia, H. Li & X. Zhang, PLB (2007)

9
the decoupling temperature of B-L violating interaction. Sphaleron conserves B-L and converts B-L asymmetry generated above to a same order of baryon number asymmetry.

10
Electromagnetic anomaly Generate cosmic birefringence, may be detected by astrophysics and CMB

11
The action integral is gauge invariant. Cosmological CPT violation and cosmic birefringence In flat space

12
Geometric Optics Approximation In curved spacetime Basic equations:

13
Stokes parameters I→ intensity Q&U→ linear polarization V→ circular polarization The polarization angle: Spin 2

14
In curved spacetime, introduce tetrads

15
Cosmic birefringence: rotation of the polarizaton direction Rotation angle

16
Test CPT with CMB Polarization Experiments

17
Spherical multi-pole expansion Power spectra

18
ScalarTensorr=0.22 Challinor & Peiris (2009) TB, EB vanish in standard LCDM model

19
E-mode polarization, first detected by DASI 2002

20
For homogeneous rotation angle Power spectra changed by cosmic birefringence

21
Without CPT violation, the correlations of TB and EB vanish Consider the rotation angle as a free parameter

22
CMBPol can detect Simulation result : Current Status

23
WMAP3+BOOMERanG03

24
4) 5) 7) J.Q.Xia et al., A&A (2008) 6)J.Q.Xia et al., ApJL(2008) Komatsu et al., arXiv: , ApJS(2009) J.Q.Xia et al., A&A (2008) P.Cabella, Natoli & Silk, PRD (2007) 1) WMAP Group 3) QUaD Group M.L. Brown et al., arXiv: , ApJ(2009) Komatsu et al., arXiv: ) WMAP Group

25
WMAP7+B03+BICEP WMAP7+B03+BICEP+QUaD Jun-Qing Xia, Hong Li & Xinmin Zhang, PLB (2010) WMAP5+B03+BICEP

26
Comparison with laboratory CPT test Laboratory: spin-polarized torsion pendulum experiments To electrons Consider the velocity of the earth relative to the CMB rest frame Heckel et al. (2008) CMB polarization:

27
Explicit and spontaneous CPT violations Explicit: Gravitational field equation Einstein tensor symmetric and Inconsistent!

28
Constraint ML, Y. Cai, X. Wang & X. Zhang, PLB(2009)

29
TB and EB on RHS are due to CPT violation in gravity causes different spectra for left and right handed tensor perturbations and generates TB and EB of CMB at LSS.

30
Spontaneous: Not necessary to modify the gravity! Rotation angle depends on time as well as space

31
Spatial dependent rotation angle: ML & X. Zhang, PRD(2008)

32

33
A new method to produce B-mode polarization CPT violation Weak gravitational lensingW.Hu 2000

34
Recent progresses (1)How to De-Rotate the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization. Marc Kamionkowski, Phys.Rev.Lett.102:111302,2009. arXiv: Marc Kamionkowski (2)Constraining a spatially dependent rotation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization. Amit P.S. Yadav et al, Phys.Rev.D79:123009,2009. arXiv: Amit P.S. Yadav (3) De-Rotation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization: Full-Sky Formalism. Vera Gluscevic, Marc Kamionkowski, Asantha Cooray,Phys.Rev.D80:023510,2009. Vera GluscevicMarc KamionkowskiAsantha Cooray arXiv: (4) Non-Uniform Cosmological Birefringence and Active Galactic Nuclei. Marc Kamionkowski, Phys.Rev.D82:047302,2010. arXiv: Marc Kamionkowski (5) Cross-Correlation of Cosmological Birefringence with CMB Temperature. Robert R. Caldwell, Vera Gluscevic, Marc Kamionkowski,arXiv: Robert R. CaldwellVera GluscevicMarc Kamionkowski Reconstruct the rotation angle

35
Conclusions CPT violation in the early universe can be large enough to produce the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry and cosmic birefringence. Current CMB polarization experiments can be used to test CPT with high precision. CPT violation provides a new approach to produce B- mode polarization at late time.

36
Thanks!

Similar presentations

© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google