Presentation on theme: "How to enjoy Simplification, and benefit our Specialism Meeting: EUROCHAMBRES trade forum 2005 Location: Menthon Saint Bernard Date: April 22 nd 2005."— Presentation transcript:
How to enjoy Simplification, and benefit our Specialism Meeting: EUROCHAMBRES trade forum 2005 Location: Menthon Saint Bernard Date: April 22 nd 2005 Presentation by: Th. van de Velde
WELCOME Theo van de Velde Chamber of Commerce Rotterdam firstname.lastname@example.org Tel.: 06 136 538 96
About this presentation… 1.Structure of Chambers of Commerce in The Netherlands 2.Core competents of the Rotterdam Ch of C. 3.Quality and training programs concerning Exportdocuments 4.Costs of Documents 5.Procedures 6.Practice of simplicity 7.Examples of conflicting simplification rules 8.Future 9.Helpdesk Eurochambres 10.Help me ! !
The Netherlands - Facts & Figures 42.000 km 2 Population: 15,5 million Labour force: 6,6 million Approx. 500,000 businesses GNP: € 314 billion
Dutch Chambers of Commerce facts and figures Site www.kvk.nl =>1 mio visitors per month Pageviews =>6 mio per month Electronic newsletters =>40,000 subscribers Digital brochures =>70,000 per year Visitors at our offices =>375,000 per year Seminars =>35,000 participants per year Magazine =>700,000 per month ( largest B2B-medium in Holland ) Certificates of origin =>500,000 per year
We offer companies, especially SME’s, "boundless" assistance with regard to their international ambitions by means of: professional support state-of-the-art products and services (inter)national networks taking into consideration regional as well as global economic developments business environment Mission Statement
Strong market position Dutch Chambers of Commerce Total awareness: 92% 54% have used the Chamber in connection with International Trade 80% are (very) satisfied with the products and services offered
Portals to business 1. B-to-B: the Traderegister 2. Portal to businessinformation 3. Setting up shop 4. Gateway to international business 5. Lobby to public authorities and vice versa
Portal to business 4 ‘Gateway to international business’: use relations of ethnic entrepreneurs with countries of origin (Turkey, Morocco, Surinam, Cape Verde and Dutch Antilles) in a positive manner; give information on threats and opportunities of outsourcing in a pro-active way; orientation on the new neighbours of the EU (Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Turkey, etc.) Rotterdam Trade Dinner & Dutch Trade Board
Global Network Embassies / Consulates Local governments Branch organisations Enterprises Financial institutions Consultants
EXPORTDOCUMENTS & TRADE POLICY Advice on trade & customs-regulations: Import/export/transit prescriptions Import duties (EU and other countries) Customs law Tariff-contingency Trade Agreements Issuing authority: Certificates of Origin Declarations and legalisation Carnets ATA cates Involved issue Eur-1 certificates
Issuing tasks Certificates of origin Movement certificates Legalisation Declarations Carnets ATA
Quality and training programs courses instructions information letters audits helpdesk (national)
Costs for issuing documents Chamber of Commerce Rotterdam Certificate of Origin € 15,-- On line raises the cost EUR-1 € 15,-- Only in The Netherlands Legalisation € 10,-- * Against cost price ATA € 175,-- * Increased with CWF, insurance, papercosts Shall we compare costs and services?
Instrument for trade policy Essential for the customs Rules of origin
Rules of origin are tools to limit or encourage international trade.
I do not want your products I just allow a few You can not get mine You pay a premium price You get a reduction Used by governments to regulate trade flows: Rules of origin
One would change from production country when a slight change in circumstances occurs. World trade is changing rapidly
How to symplify the origin rules Non preferential Uruguay round Harmonisation proposals Preferential Green paper GSP New agreements? Mediterranean agreements?
Current and future origin rules are mainly understood by experts working in this minefield on a daily basis
Non preferential rules as stated in the Community Customs Code, EG regulation 2913/92 art. 24 …underwent the last, substantial, economically justified processing or working in an undertaking equipped for that purpose and resulting in the manufacture of a new product or representing an important stage of manufacture. gives a broad interpretation! !
Live poultry Meat of poultry Poultry fat Other prepared meat of poultry Soup and broths 01.05 02.07 15.01 16.02 21.04 Change of tariff-heading
Preferential rules are based on the HS code and are established in the several protocols – Dissimilarities in protocols – Cumulation rules – Tolerances – Footnotes (textiles) What is the involvement of your Chamber of Commerce?
LGO ACS MAGHREB Marokko Tunesië Algerije MASHREK Syrië Egypte Jordanië Libanon Faeröer Bosnië Herzegovina Macedonië Kroatië Israël Ceuta Melilla Albanië APS Donor Country Content Westelijke Jordaanoever en Gazastrook Zuid Afrika Servië en Montenegro Mexico Chili EER Zwitserland Turkije Bulgarije Roemenië
Examples of Products with origin rules that are not easy to simplify HeadingProductNon-prefPreferential 2203 2204 Beer wine Art.24 List 11? Change heading Origin of the grapes 0402.21MilkpowderNational Blending rules All products of chapter 04 Wholly obtained 2309Animal feedArt.24Grain, meat, milk, melasse, (fish) of origin
How about these products? SHOES 6401 - 4 Reconditioned engines Textiles Ch 50 - 63 Vegetable oils 1507-1515 Industrial products involved with cumulation Or Allocation rules?
FUTURE: Three tendencies Development international trade policy Globalisation Digitalisation
Few agricultural exceptions Major break in policy Minor impact - Trade volume - Recent history GSP: “Everything but arms”
Globalisation The era of multinational products - determination of origin: not easy anymore Multi-country sourcing - stability of the value added criterium Trade is rather complicated - responsability of policy makers - responsability of traders for example: Assembly of Anchors!
- Abolishing tariffs - Non-tariff barriers Free World Trade
For non-preferential origin, CCI´s are the competent acknowledged and accepted authorities Where are we? But we are still living in a paper-based world!
From the paper-based world to electronic commerce Think European! Change of the rules of origin The new situation Electronic certificates are a logistic solution ! It does not simplify procedures itself.
Security standards are different in the European countries CCI´s have to act or react according to their national law The technical aspects
Imagine the addressee of a C/O: Think European! He expects a European, not a national document
New rules do not mean new authorities to decide on New harmonized rules mean broader acknowledgement New rules of origin
European standards... set up by the European Chambers (= EUROCHAMBRES)... acknowledged and recognized by European authorities (= European Commission)... and used by each and every Chamber in the EU.
Import duties Uruguay Round: lowering duties Erosion of preferences Cost-benefit of a bureaucratic system Defensive or offensive rules of origin ? Equal treatment Decreasing import duties: other trade bariers