Presentation on theme: "Change In The US As A Result of Land Acquisitions."— Presentation transcript:
Change In The US As A Result of Land Acquisitions
Economic Differences and Expansion Lead to Conflict Beginning with the purchase of the Louisiana Territory the precedent was set for future land acquisitions Jefferson secured control of the Mississippi River for transportation that allowed the west to expand It also created more government owned land available for purchase by settlers
Democracy Spreads As New Territories Become States It allowed more men to be able to vote Qualifications to vote changed
Andrew Jackson Elected President First to be elected from the West A democrat First to be nominated in a national nominating convention Favored the “spoils system” which allowed men to be appointed to government positions as a reward for their support but he argued it allowed more people to be a part of the government He was a man most common men could relate with
Voting Requirements in the Early 19c
More men were becoming property owners Many states dropped the property requirement for being eligible to vote All white males could now vote Some African Americans who owned land were even allowed to vote.
Andrew Jackson as President
Who Backed Him? The planter elite in the South People on the frontier State politicians (because of the spoils system) Immigrants in the city The “Common Man”
1832 Tariff Conflict > “Tariff of Abomination” > new tariff South Carolina’s reaction? Refused to pay it Jackson’s response? Threatened federal force Clay’s “Compromise” Tariff?
South Carolina responded by taking back their nullification of the tariff BUT not the right of a state to nullify an act of Congress Significance – The immediate threat to the Union was averted.
Indian Removal Jackson’s Goal? 1830 Indian Removal Act Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) * “domestic dependent nation” Worcester v. GA (1832) Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!
The Cherokee Nation After 1820
Trail of Tears ( )
3- Sectional Differences
Economy Leader __________ Role of Government NORTHEAST Business and ManufacturingBusiness and Manufacturing Daniel Webster ____________Daniel Webster ____________ Wanted TariffsWanted Tariffs Backed internal improvementsBacked internal improvements Wanted end to cheap public landWanted end to cheap public land Increasingly nationalisticIncreasingly nationalistic Against Slavery and believed the U.S. Govt. must abolish it.Against Slavery and believed the U.S. Govt. must abolish it.
SOUTH Cotton growingCotton growing John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun_____________ Opposed tariffs and government spending on American SystemOpposed tariffs and government spending on American System Increasingly supportive of states’ rightsIncreasingly supportive of states’ rights Pro-slavery and opposed any steps of the U.S. Govt. to try and abolish it.Pro-slavery and opposed any steps of the U.S. Govt. to try and abolish it. Economy Leader __________ Role of Government
WEST Frontier agricultureFrontier agriculture Henry ClayHenry Clay_____________ Supported internal improvementsSupported internal improvements Wanted cheap landWanted cheap land Loyal to the U.S. Govt.Loyal to the U.S. Govt. Against slavery but some supported letting the people decide the slavery issueAgainst slavery but some supported letting the people decide the slavery issue Economy Leader __________ Role of Government
ALL OF THESE THINGS ALONG WITH DISAGREEMENTS OVER THE EXPANSION OF THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY WOULD ULTIMATELY THREATEN NATIONAL UNITY IN THE CIVIL WAR