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1 INTERNATIONAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS SA TRADE AGREEMENTS DIRECTORATE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE FEBRUARY 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "1 INTERNATIONAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS SA TRADE AGREEMENTS DIRECTORATE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE FEBRUARY 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 INTERNATIONAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS SA TRADE AGREEMENTS DIRECTORATE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE FEBRUARY 2012

2 2 AGREEMENTS WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION  Various agreements – Agriculture, Sanitary & Phytosanitary, Technical Barriers to Trade, Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights, etc.  Rules for trade between members  Establishes rules for trade agreements Types of Agreements  Free Trade Agreement (FTA) – substantially all trade  Preferential Agreements – selected products, between developing countries  Unilateral Agreements – unilateral tariff concessions granted to developing countries

3 3 TRADE AGREEMENTS  Africa SACU SADC  Americas AGOA MERCOSUR  Europe TDCA (reviewed: EPA) EFTA  In Process  India  Tripartite (SADC, Comesa, EAC)

4 4 Southern African Customs Union (SACU)  Customs Union established in 1910 o Members: RSA, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia & Swaziland o “New” SACU Agreement  Agreement provides for: o Common External Tariff o Free flow of goods o Sharing of customs & excise revenue o Common negotiating mechanism – Trade Agreements o Harmonization of the industrial and trade policies

5 5 Southern African Development Community (SADC)  Established in 1980; RSA joined in 1994  SADC Trade Protocol (FTA) implementation: 2000  SADC Trade Protocol (FTA) fully implemented: 2008 by 12 of 14 members  With some exceptions, all trade essentially free of customs duties  Electronic system of reporting NTBs

6 6 SA-EU Trade and Development Cooperation Agreement (TDCA)  FTA, EU is SA’s main trading partner (EU: currently 28 member states)  TDCA entered into force in 2000  Implemented over 10 (EU) and 12 (RSA) years  Substantially all trade, agriculture in EU favor  Some sensitive products excluded from liberalization on both sides  South Africa has positive agricultural trade balance with EU  TDCA is under review – EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement)

7 7 OTHER AGREEMENTS: EFTA  SACU: EFTA (European Free Trade Area, includes Switzerland, Norway, Lichtenstein & Iceland  FTA – substantially all trade  Implementation since 2008  Review currently underway

8 8 OTHER AGREEMENTS: PREFERENTIAL MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay & Paraguay)  Agreement finalized in 2009, not yet implemented  Preferential access for selected products (+ 160 tariff lines)  SACU huge agricultural trade deficit INDIA  Negotiations recently started  Limited coverage envisaged

9 9 OTHER AGREEMENTS: FTA TRIPARTITE FTA  SADC, COMESA, EAC  Full Free Trade Agreement – Substantially all trade  26 Countries  Negotiations started in 2011

10 10 SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL TRADE R - MILLION

11 11 SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS: 2010

12 12 SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS: 2010

13 13 MARKET ACCESS REQUIREMENTS Compliance are required on: o Rules of Origin (SARS Website) o Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical standards always apply o Procedures, e.g. application for permits/quotas or certification if required o Specific forms, related to each agreement, that must accompany every consignment (may be obtained from SARS).  Full agreements are available online: and follow links:  Customs and Excise  Trade  Trade agreements

14 14 FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT Directorate: International Trade Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Tel: Fax:


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