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Open Registration Balanced Teams Everyone Plays Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship AYSO Philosophies U-8 Official Course 1.1 - Lesson 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Open Registration Balanced Teams Everyone Plays Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship AYSO Philosophies U-8 Official Course 1.1 - Lesson 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Open Registration Balanced Teams Everyone Plays Positive Coaching Good Sportsmanship AYSO Philosophies U-8 Official Course Lesson 1

2 Laws of the Game FIFA (Federation International de Football Association) governs the worldwide game USSF (United States Soccer Federation) is the national governing body AYSO is a National Association member of USSF Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1

3 Laws of the Game The Laws of the Game can be summarized in three simple words: Fun Fair Safe Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

4 Philosophy of Refereeing The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referee to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

5 Touch Line Goal Line Goal Corner Flag Halfway Line Center Circle Penalty Area Goal Area Corner Arc Penalty Mark Penalty Arc Halfway Flag Field of Play

6 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Arrive early Check field and equipment Introduce yourself to the Coaches Check players equipment Brief Assistant Referees Conduct coin toss

7 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Arrive early At least 15 minutes prior to game time (20-30 mins if first game of the day) In proper uniform

8 U-8 Official Course Lesson 3 Pre-game Duties and Activities Arrive early With required equipment

9 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Check Field and Equipment Markings Holes, glass, rocks, debris, etc. Goals (properly secured) Nets (secured, no holes/gaps) Corner flags Ball

10 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Introduce yourself to the Coaches Learn their names Be approachable Not flippant, cold or arrogant

11 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Check players equipment Team Uniform Shirt, Shorts, Shoes, Socks, Shinguards If thermal shorts are worn, they must be the same color as the shorts Shinguards must be under the socks Goalkeeper’s shirt must be distinguishable from all other players and the referee

12 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Check players equipment Nothing dangerous (in your opinion) No jewelry, watches, earrings No casts or splints (even if padded) Knee braces are okay, but only if padded and safe to all players (in your opinion) Medical alert bracelets may be worn, but must be secured to the player with tape, cloth wristband or something similar that is safe. The information must remain visible

13 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Brief Assistant Referees Neutral AR’s: Work as a team Follow standard signals Discuss non-standard signals

14 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Pre-game Duties and Activities Brief Assistant Referees Club Linesmen: Non-neutral Explain expectations; Put at ease Only call in/out of play Raise flag straight up when ball has gone completely over the line.

15 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Post-game Duties Collect the game ball and return to owner. Supervise team handshake Complete lineup card and misconduct report (if any) Congratulate referee team and seek feedback

16 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Now that we’ve finished our pre-game activities.... How do we start the game?

17 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Conduct coin toss Brief introduction (no long lectures) Doesn’t matter who tosses the coin or who calls it Winner of the coin toss chooses which goal to attack The other team takes the kick-off Starting the Game

18 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Kick-Off Verify the correct number of players on the field (no visible/audible counting).

19 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 All players must be on their own side A D D A A A A A A A D DD D D D Defenders must be 10 yds from the ball

20 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Kick-Off Referee blows whistle to start play. Ball is in play when kicked and moves forward. The ball is stationary in the center of the field.

21 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Keeping Time Time starts when the ball has been put into play (kicked and moves forward). The match consists of two equal periods. The clock is stopped (or time added) for excessive time lost due to substitutions, time wasting or unusual delays. The amount of time lost (if any) is determined by the referee.

22 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Stopping the Game There are seven reasons to stop play: 1.Ball goes out of play 2.The referee deems it necessary 3.Goal is scored 4.Foul is committed 5.Injury 6.Substitution 7.Halftime / End of Game

23 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 The lines of the field are part of the area they define: IN OUT In Play Out of Play In Play Either in the air or on the ground

24 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 The ball’s position determines whether it is in or out of play; Not the player’s position

25 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped when the referee deems it necessary Sometimes there are outside influences that make it necessary to stop play.

26 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped when a goal is scored When the ball crosses wholly over the goal line, between the goalposts and beneath the crossbar. It does not matter which team put it there.

27 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped when a foul is committed This is something that is unfair or unsafe.

28 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped for injuries ANYTIMEIMMEDIATELY In younger players’ games it’s better to err on the side of caution

29 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped for injuries Blood on clothing must be neutralized. Blood on the body must be removed. This is the coach’s responsibility

30 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped for substitutions There are four opportunities for substitutions during a regulation match: 1.Injury 2.Approx. midway through the first half 3.Halftime 4.Approx. midway through the second half

31 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Play is stopped at the end of the first half and at the end of the game

32 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Fouls and Misconduct

33 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A foul is an unsafe or unfair act: 1.Committed by a player 2.Against an opponent 3.On the field of play 4.While the ball is in play All four elements must exist for the incident to be a foul.

34 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Fouls are categorized into two types: Direct Free Kick fouls Indirect Free Kick fouls These categories are named for the way play is restarted

35 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Direct Free Kick fouls There are 10 1.Kicks an opponent 2.Trips an opponent 3.Strikes an opponent Even the attempt to commit any of these three actions is a foul.

36 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Direct Free Kick fouls There are 10 4.Jumps at an opponent 5.Unfairly charges an opponent 6.Pushes an opponent 7.Tackles an opponent

37 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Direct Free Kick fouls There are 10 8.Holds an opponent 9.Spits at an opponent 10.Handles the ball deliberately

38 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Direct Free Kick fouls Six of these fouls most commonly occur in U-10 and younger age groups: Kicks an opponent Trips an opponent Pushes an opponent Holds an opponent Unfairly charges an opponent Handles the ball deliberately

39 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Indirect Free Kick fouls There are 7 The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area. 1.Takes more than six seconds while controlling the ball with his hands, before releasing it from his possession

40 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Indirect Free Kick fouls The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area. 2.Touches the ball again with his hands after it has been released from his possession and has not touched any other player.

41 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Indirect Free Kick fouls The first four pertain solely to the goalkeeper in his own penalty area. 3.Touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate.

42 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Indirect Free Kick fouls The remaining three pertain to all players. 5.Plays in a dangerous manner 6.Impedes the progress of an opponent 7.Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands

43 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Two of these fouls most commonly occur in U-10 and younger age groups: Plays in a dangerous manner Goalkeeper takes more than six seconds to put the ball into play Indirect Free Kick Be prompt with the Dangerous Play call. Don’t be too ticky-tacky with the “six second” call

44 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 MISCONDUCT Behavior that is in serious conflict with the spirit of the game and good sportsmanship (Something that’s very rare in the U-10 game) Two types of Misconduct: Those resulting in a Caution Those resulting in a Send-Off

45 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Misconduct is rare in U-10 games. Referees should deal with it informally without showing cards.

46 Restarting the Game For some reason, the game has been stopped. (Injury, goal, foul, ball out of play, etc.) How do we restart play? Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

47 Touch Line Goal Line Goal Corner Flag Halfway Line Center Circle Penalty Area Goal Area Corner Arc Penalty Mark Penalty Arc Halfway Flag Field of Play

48 Restarting the Game THROW-IN When the ball passes out of play over a touch line, play is restarted with a Throw-in. The throw is taken by the opponents of the team that last touched the ball. The throw is taken from the approximate point on the line where the ball left the field. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

49 Restarting the Game THROW-IN At the moment of delivering the ball, the thrower must: Face the field of play; Have part of each foot touching the ground either on or behind the line; and Use both hands to deliver the ball from behind and over the head. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

50 Restarting the Game THROW-IN The ball is in play as soon as released and any portion of it is on or over the outside edge of the touchline. Opposing players must be at least 2 yds. from the point of the throw-in. A goal may not be scored directly from a throw-in. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

51

52 Touch Line Goal Line Goal Corner Flag Halfway Line Center Circle Penalty Area Goal Area Corner Arc Penalty Mark Penalty Arc Halfway Flag Field of Play

53 Restarting the Game GOAL KICK When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by an attacker (not a goal), play is restarted with a Goal Kick for the defending team. The ball is placed anywhere in the goal area. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

54 GOAL KICK All of these balls are legally placed within the goal area. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

55 Restarting the Game GOAL KICK The ball is in play when it leaves the penalty area into the field of play The kicker cannot touch the ball a second time until it’s touched by any other player. A goal can be scored directly from a goal kick, but only against the opposing team. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

56 Touch Line Goal Line Goal Corner Flag Halfway Line Center Circle Penalty Area Goal Area Corner Arc Penalty Mark Penalty Arc Halfway Flag Field of Play

57 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Restarting the Game CORNER KICK When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by a defender (not a goal), play is restarted with a Corner Kick for the attacking team. The ball is placed anywhere within the corner arc area.

58 Restarting the Game Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 All of these balls are legally placed CORNER KICK

59 Players from the opposing team must be 10 yds. from the ball. The ball is in play when it is kicked (with a kicking motion) and moves. It does not have to leave the corner arc area. The kicker cannot move the corner flag. A goal can be scored directly from a corner kick. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

60 Restarting the Game Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A way to restart play for an unusual but neutral reason. DROPPED BALL Examples: Injury Dog on the field Stray ball on the field

61 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 The referee drops the ball where it was when play was stopped. The ball is dropped from the players’ waist height. The ball is in play when it hits the ground. If a player kicks the ball before it hits the ground, the ball is dropped again. DROPPED BALL

62 Restarting the Game Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A way to restart play when the Referee has stopped play because of a foul. FREE KICKS There are two types of free kicks: Direct Free Kick Indirect Free Kick

63 Restarting the Game Direct Free Kick (DFK) A goal can be scored directly from the kick (against the opposing team) Indirect Free Kick (IFK) The ball must touch any other player before a goal can be scored Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

64 Restarting the Game To signal an Indirect Free Kick, the Referee holds his hand straight up into the air. The hand remains in this position until the ball either (a) touches any other player, or (b) goes out of play. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 There is no signal for a Direct Free Kick

65 Restarting the Game The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Exception: If a free kick taken by the defending team in its own penalty area is touched a second time before the ball leaves the penalty area, the kick is retaken.

66 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 In most cases a Free Kick (both types) is: Taken from the location of the foul, and In play once it is kicked (with a kicking motion) and moves. All opponents must be 10 yds. from the ball. But there are some exceptions.

67 PENALTY KICK (U-10 and above, only) A penalty kick is awarded when a direct free kick foul has been committed by a team within its own penalty area. All players (other than the kicker and the goalkeeper) must be: -Outside the penalty area and penalty arc -Behind the ball Until the ball is played. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

68 PENALTY KICK (U-10 and above, only) The goalkeeper must remain on the goal line (but can move side-to-side) until the ball is in play. The ball is in play once it is kicked and moves forward. The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until touched by any other player. Basic Referee Course Lesson 1

69 Checking for Learning The ball goes completely over the touch line, last touched by an attacker. What is the restart? Throw-in for the defending team The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by a defender. What is the restart? Corner Kick

70 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Checking for Learning How many players must be present for the taking of a dropped ball? There is no requirement The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by an attacker. What is the restart? Goal Kick

71 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 The Offside Law is the only law that restricts tactical positioning during dynamic play. The offside law is intended to ensure that players earn the right to shoot on goal. OFFSIDE

72 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Elements of the offside infraction: 1.Position 2.Time of Judgment 3.Active Involvement All three elements must be present or there cannot be an infraction OFFSIDE

73 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 OFFSIDE Offside Position A Player is in an offside position if he is: 1.In the opponents’ half of the field; 2.Closer to the opponents’ goal line than at least two opponents; and 3.Closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball All three elements must be present or the player is not in an offside position, and there cannot be an infraction

74 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Offside Position It is not an offence to be in an offside position It just means that player is momentarily off his team. He cannot interfere with play or any of the opposing players. He cannot have any involvement in the match. He’s off his team.

75 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 OFFSIDE Time of Judgment Offside Position is judged at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team

76 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 OFFSIDE Active Involvement A player may be involved in active play by: 1.Interfering with play; 2.Interfering with an opponent; or 3.Gaining an advantage by being in that position.

77 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 OFFSIDE Once all three of these conditions have been met: POSITION TIME OF JUDGMENT ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT An offside infraction has occurred An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team from the place the infringement occurred.

78 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 OFFSIDE Exceptions There is no offence if a player receives the ball directly from: Goal Kick Corner Kick Throw-In

79 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D D A Direction of attack OFFSIDE A1 A2 A

80 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D D A Direction of attack NOT OFFSIDE A1 A2 A

81 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D D A Direction of attack NOT OFFSIDE A1 A2 A A A3

82 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D D A Direction of attack NOT OFFSIDE Goal Kick A1 A2 A

83 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D D Direction of attack OFFSIDE A Deflection off goalpost or goalkeeper

84 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack NOT OFFSIDE A D

85 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack OFFSIDE A D A

86 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack OFFSIDE A D

87 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack OFFSIDE A D D A

88 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack NOT OFFSIDE D D AA

89 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 A AR D Direction of attack OFFSIDE D D A Corner Kick A

90 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Key Takeaways It is not an offence to be in an offside position Wait for Active Involvement before penalizing for offside The player is not required to touch the ball for the offside to be penalized

91 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 In AYSO, It’s about more than the game !

92 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS Neutral Assistant Referee: Indicate ball out of play Indicate which side gets throw-in, goal kick or corner kick Indicate when offside infringement has occurred Indicate when substitution is desired Assist the referee to control the game

93 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS Club Linesmen Only indicate ball in-and-out of play

94 Basic Referee Course Lesson 1 Key Takeaways The Referee’s role is to ensure the game is Fun, Fair and Safe Assistant Referees assist the Referee The referee team positions themselves to “box” play


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