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Unit 4 Class Notes Accelerated Physics Projectile Motion Days 1 thru 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Class Notes Accelerated Physics Projectile Motion Days 1 thru 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 4 Class Notes Accelerated Physics Projectile Motion Days 1 thru 3

2 Day #1 Free-Falling Object Review

3 In-Class Practice







10 Day #2 Horizontal Projectiles

11 From Reading Assignment handout

12 Horizontal Projectiles The first example on the previous slide is often called a horizontal projectile. This is the first example we will look at. – The object is given an initial horizontal velocity. Thus, velocity is purely horizontal (no y component) – Our initial velocity in the y direction v iy =0. – Next, analyze the motion in the horizontal and vertical direction separately.

13 Figure #1 Figure #2 Figure #3 From Reading Assignment handout

14 Using figures from previous slide Figure 1 – Free fall object. The object’s position after every second of falling is shown. The object is accelerating because it travels a longer distance in each successive time interval. Figure 2 – Horizontally traveling object at a constant velocity. Acceleration equals zero so each time interval shows the same distance traveled. Figure 3 – A combination of both these motions. When a projectile falls, it accelerates downward so its y direction matches figure 1. However, since nothing (including air) slows the object down as it moves horizontally, its x direction matches figure 2.

15 Since projectile motion is a combination… We will analyze the motion separately. The only shared variable between the two motions is TIME (since they both occur in the same amount of time) Solve for time in vertical (y) side, then plug in to horizontal side. Horizontal (x)Vertical (y) a x =0 v ix =v fx = constant = v x ∆x = v x ∆t (distance = velocity x time) a y =-9.8 m/s 2 ∆y = 1 / 2 a y (∆t) 2 +v iy ∆t V fy 2 = v iy 2 + 2a y ∆y A = (v fy – v iy ) /∆t ∆y = ½∆t(v iy +v fy )

16 Horizontal (x) Vertical (y) From Reading Assignment handout There are so few equations in the x direction because a=0 so velocity is constant. In the y direction we have the 4 familiar acceleration formulas. EXAMPLE 1: A ball is rolled off a flat roof hat is 30 m above the ground. If the ball’s initial speed is 15 m/s, find the time needed to strike the ground as well as the distance that it lands away from the building.

17 Horizontal (x) Vertical (y) From Reading Assignment handout

18 Horizontal (x) Vertical (y) From Reading Assignment handout

19 In-Class Practice



22 Day #3 COMPETITION LAB!!!! (Ball Rolling Off Table)

23 Day #4 Tracking and Impact Velocity

24 Side-ways Toss (Gravity Turned Off) Each position corresponds to 1 sec later than the previous position (starting with the red dot)

25 Horizontal Projectiles Side-ways Toss (Gravity Turned Off) Free-Fall

26 Horizontal Projectile Side-ways Toss (Gravity Turned Off) Free-Fall Velocities Impact Velocity

27  V fx V fy V impact

28 From Reading Assignment handout

29 Horizontal (x) Vertical (y) 19.6 m/s 4 m/s V2V2  V 2 = 20 m/s [78.46 o BH]

30 From Reading Assignment handout

31 In-Class Practice






37 Day #5 Angled Projectiles on Flat Ground

38 What we’ve done so far What we still need to do

39 Projectiles at Angles Side-ways Toss (Gravity Turned Off) Throw-up, then Free-Fall

40 So, what are the Equations we use for this “NEW” type of projectile???? Vertical Horizontal There are NO NEW EQUATIONS

41  vivi  vivi v ix v iy = v i sin  = v i cos  So…..How are “angled” projectiles different than “horizontal” projectiles? V iy = 0 (for horizontal projectiles) V iy = something, + or - (for horizontal projectiles)

42  vivi What are some important things to remember? The velocity at every moment in time is the resultant of the two velocity components V ix = V fx = V x = 0 (since a x = 0) When rising, V y is positive (when falling = V y is negative) V y, top = 0 If launching and landing occurs at the same height (on level ground) then the launching/landing speeds & angles are the same 

43 In-Class Practice





48 Day #6 MORE Angled Projectiles … Sometimes NOT on Flat Ground

49 In-Class Practice



52 Day #7 Field Goal Style Problems

53 In-Class Practice



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