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FIBA 3-PERSON MECHANICS Document prepared by PAUL DESHAIES CABO NATIONAL INTERPRETER © © Paul Deshaies, October 2004, revised August 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "FIBA 3-PERSON MECHANICS Document prepared by PAUL DESHAIES CABO NATIONAL INTERPRETER © © Paul Deshaies, October 2004, revised August 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIBA 3-PERSON MECHANICS Document prepared by PAUL DESHAIES CABO NATIONAL INTERPRETER © © Paul Deshaies, October 2004, revised August 2007

2 TERMINOLOGY Ball-sideBall-side Lead, Centre, TrailLead, Centre, Trail Table sideTable side Opposite sideOpposite side Rotation: change of position during live ballRotation: change of position during live ball Strong side: side of front court where L is locatedStrong side: side of front court where L is located Weak side: side of front court where L is not locatedWeak side: side of front court where L is not located Switch: change in position during dead ball caused by a foul being calledSwitch: change in position during dead ball caused by a foul being called

3 BASIC CONCEPTS TeamworkTeamwork RespectRespect PatiencePatience CommunicationCommunication Team success depends on C’s and T’s involvementTeam success depends on C’s and T’s involvement

4 FIBA vs CCA (highlights) Here are, in a nutshell, some of the ways that FIBA 3-person mechanics differ from CCA’s: –no pre-game meeting with mid-court –official who calls the foul goes to Opposite after reporting –front court end line throw-in: official administering throw-in between basket and thrower-in (“ass to glass”) –free throws administered from Opposite –double whistle on foul between L and C or L and T, L has primary responsibility – “towards whom the play is coming, NOT from whose area the play started –out of bounds call – stop clock FIRST, then point and state direction of play –long switch, as in the old CCA, when a foul is called in the back court and ball goes to new front court –During free throws L looks across the lane, and C look s across the lane. –C is responsible for free thrower violations.

5 PRE-GAME On the court 20 minutes before game timeOn the court 20 minutes before game time Opposite the tableOpposite the table Make sure scoresheet is correctly prepared and that, 10 minutes before game time, coaches confirm list, indicate five starters and sign scoresheetMake sure scoresheet is correctly prepared and that, 10 minutes before game time, coaches confirm list, indicate five starters and sign scoresheet Introduction:Introduction: –6 minutes before game time, move to scorer’s table –Blow whistle to stop warm- up and bring teams to respective bench (clock still running) –After introduction, blow whistle to resume warm-up with 3 minutes on the clock –With 1:30 minute left, blow whistle and bring teams to bench U1RU2

6 OPENING TOSS Responsibilities: –R: toss –U1: starting the clock,calling re-jump or jumper violation –U2: 8 non-jumpers Movement: ball to R’s right U1 R U2 C T L

7 OPENING TOSS Responsibilities: –R: toss –U1: calling re-jump or jumper violation –U2: 8 non-jumpers Movement: ball to R’s left U1 R U2C T L

8 OFFICIALS WORKING AREAS L works the paintL works the paint C stands 2 meters beyond free throw line extendedC stands 2 meters beyond free throw line extended T at the edge of the team bench areaT at the edge of the team bench area Officials must go where they can see the air (find the spaces)Officials must go where they can see the air (find the spaces) L T C

9 AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY T is responsible for outside of strong sideT is responsible for outside of strong side L is responsible for paint on strong side and inside arcL is responsible for paint on strong side and inside arc T and L have shared responsibilities in dual areaT and L have shared responsibilities in dual area C is responsible for whole weak sideC is responsible for whole weak side T L C DUAL

10 BALL GOES TOWARD THE BASKET On a try for goal or a final free throw, T and C step towards the basket, in order to make the triangle smaller On a try for goal or a final free throw, T and C step towards the basket, in order to make the triangle smaller T L C T C

11 ROTATION If ball is passed to other sideIf ball is passed to other side –L moves to ball-side and initiates rotation –T moves to C –C moves to T T L B B C B T C L

12 TRANSITION T becomes new LT becomes new L C continues to be C:C continues to be C: –All violations and fouls between the top of the two free throw semi-circles on his side –On fast break, follow play quickly to assist L –Ball coverage to the basket on his side L becomes TL becomes T –New sideline responsibility –Coverage behind the fast break T L C T C L

13 PRESSING T becomes new LT becomes new L –Last line of defense C continues to be C:C continues to be C: –First line of defense L becomes new TL becomes new T T L C T C L

14 THROW-INS Throw-in spot nearest to point of infractionThrow-in spot nearest to point of infraction Not behind backboard, but try to get it outside the lane if possible.Not behind backboard, but try to get it outside the lane if possible. Diagonal from end of free throw line to corner: endlineDiagonal from end of free throw line to corner: endline Throw-in from back court handled by TThrow-in from back court handled by T

15 ENDLINE THROW-IN L between player and basketL between player and basket C L B T B

16 SIDELINE THROW-IN C L B T

17 OUT OF BOUNDS IN BACK COURT Ball goes out of bounds in back court on weak side, ball coming back to front courtBall goes out of bounds in back court on weak side, ball coming back to front court C becomes new T and handles throw-inC becomes new T and handles throw-in L moves to ball-sideL moves to ball-side T becomes new CT becomes new C T L B C BT L C

18 Shot coverage C is primarily responsible for shots from within the free throw semi-circleC is primarily responsible for shots from within the free throw semi-circle T is responsible to help on shots from his side of semi-circleT is responsible to help on shots from his side of semi-circle T L B C

19 Shot coverage L is primarily responsible for shooter and ball-side reboundingL is primarily responsible for shooter and ball-side rebounding C is primarily responsible for goal tending and basket interference, weak-side reboundingC is primarily responsible for goal tending and basket interference, weak-side rebounding T is responsible for goal tending and basket interference and perimeter reboundingT is responsible for goal tending and basket interference and perimeter rebounding T L B C

20 3-point field goal coverage C and T are responsible for signalling 3-point try on their side of the courtC and T are responsible for signalling 3-point try on their side of the court When C or T signals successful 3-point basket, the other mirrors the successful basketWhen C or T signals successful 3-point basket, the other mirrors the successful basket T L C DUAL

21 CALLING A FOUL Stop clock: arm straight up, clenched fistStop clock: arm straight up, clenched fist Point to player’s waist with a straight arm, palm facing downPoint to player’s waist with a straight arm, palm facing down Indicate number of free throws in controversial situationsIndicate number of free throws in controversial situations RUN to scorer’s table (6 to 8 m) and STOPRUN to scorer’s table (6 to 8 m) and STOP Report while standing stillReport while standing still –Signal colour & number of the player –Indicate nature of foul –Consequence : Number of free throws or direction of play (If applicable, B-F-S-T)(If applicable, B-F-S-T) RUN to next positionRUN to next position Free officials keeps all players within field of visionFree officials keeps all players within field of vision Double whistle:Double whistle: –Eye contact –Nearest official or official toward whom play is moving takes call

22 Procedure when foul is called Calling official:Calling official: –Identifies player and reports to scorer –Moves to side opposite the table Officials not calling the foul:Officials not calling the foul: –Freeze and observe all players until reporting has begun, then move to new positions while continuing to observe all players –If official on table side did not call, he remains table side –The non calling official closest to the table administers requests for time-outs and substitutions Official who calls offensive foul on:Official who calls offensive foul on: –Table side becomes the new C on opposite side –Opposite side returns to opposite side

23 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT C calls foul on defensive playerC calls foul on defensive player C reports and goes opposite as CC reports and goes opposite as C T freezes and goes table side as TT freezes and goes table side as T L moves to table sideL moves to table side T L C L C T

24 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT L calls foul on defensive playerL calls foul on defensive player L reports and goes opposite as TL reports and goes opposite as T T goes to LT goes to L C stays as CC stays as C T L C T L C

25 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT T calls foul on defensive playerT calls foul on defensive player T reports and goes back opposite as TT reports and goes back opposite as T C T L

26 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT C calls offensive foulC calls offensive foul C reports and goes opposite as new LC reports and goes opposite as new L L becomes new T and handles throw-inL becomes new T and handles throw-in T becomes new CT becomes new C T L C C T L

27 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT L calls offensive foulL calls offensive foul L reports and goes opposite as new CL reports and goes opposite as new C C becomes new T and handles throw-inC becomes new T and handles throw-in T becomes new LT becomes new L T L CC T L

28 SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT T calls offensive foulT calls offensive foul T reports and goes opposite as new CT reports and goes opposite as new C L becomes new T and handles throw-inL becomes new T and handles throw-in C goes table side and becomes new LC goes table side and becomes new L T L CC T L

29 FREE THROW ADMINISTRATION L (opposite side)L (opposite side) –Signals number of throws –Bounces ball to thrower –Watches players across lane –After last successful free throw, signals start of clock C (table side)C (table side) –Signals number of throws –Watches players across lane –Signals start of clock after last unsuccessful free throw T (opposite side)T (opposite side) –Helps with free throw violations if necessary –Helps with perimeter rebounding T L C

30 ADMINISTRATION OF FOULS FOLLOWED BY POSSESSION Official calling foul reports and goes opposite as TOfficial calling foul reports and goes opposite as T L (opposite side) administers all free throwsL (opposite side) administers all free throws C (table side) at the free throw line extendedC (table side) at the free throw line extended After last free throw, L passes ball to T for throw-inAfter last free throw, L passes ball to T for throw-in T L C

31 CHARGED TIME-OUTS Official nearest table grants the time-out, becomes C and stands straddling centre line outside circleOfficial nearest table grants the time-out, becomes C and stands straddling centre line outside circle The other officials straddles the free thow lines extended outside free throw semi-circleThe other officials straddles the free thow lines extended outside free throw semi-circle If free throw, L holds ballIf free throw, L holds ball If throw-in, official responsible holds ballIf throw-in, official responsible holds ball After warning signal, officials ensure that players return and move to normal positionsAfter warning signal, officials ensure that players return and move to normal positions O O C


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