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ACC/AHA Cholesterol, Hypertension, and Sodium Guidelines: Implications for Cardiovascular Health: Sodium Robert Merritt, M.A., B.A. Epidemiology and Surveillance.

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Presentation on theme: "ACC/AHA Cholesterol, Hypertension, and Sodium Guidelines: Implications for Cardiovascular Health: Sodium Robert Merritt, M.A., B.A. Epidemiology and Surveillance."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACC/AHA Cholesterol, Hypertension, and Sodium Guidelines: Implications for Cardiovascular Health: Sodium Robert Merritt, M.A., B.A. Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch Chief State Grantee Webinar, Hypertension, Cholesterol and Sodium Guidelines: Implications for Cardiovascular Health February 12, 2014 National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

2 2013 AHA/ACC Guidelines  Excess sodium consumption is a significant health problem that contributes to hypertension, a leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke, both of which are leading causes of death in the United States.  Currently, the average American consumes more than 3,400 milligrams of sodium a day and nearly two-thirds of U.S. adults have high or elevated blood pressure.  CDC follows The Dietary Guidelines 1 for Americans policy recommendations which happens every 5 years, the 2015 DGAs are expected in early U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, Available at:

3 2013 AHA/ACC Guidelines  CDC acknowledges that the new AHA/ACC cardiovascular prevention guidelines to reduce sodium intake to <2,400 mg/day differs from The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) and the Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes. These publications recommend 2,300 mg/day as the upper limit of intake for adults.  The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 1 and the AHA/ACC 2 both advise people to lower sodium intake and to follow an overall heart-healthy diet, such as the DASH dietary pattern 3, that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while including low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish and nuts, and limiting red meat, sweets and sugar- sweetened beverages to reduce blood pressure. 1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, Available at: 2. "2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines." Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2013). Available at: 3. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. DASH Eating Plan. Available at:

4 2013 AHA/ACC Guidelines  The “2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk” provides recommendations for heart-healthy lifestyle choices based on the latest research and evidence. The guidelines focus on two important lifestyle choices—diet and physical activity— both of which can have a big impact on cardiovascular health.  The AHA/ACC guidelines are intended for adults aged 18 and up and less than 80 years who have CVD risk factors (e.g., pre-HTN and HTN) that would benefit from lowering their blood pressure and blood cholesterol to prevent cardiovascular diseases. 1. “2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines." Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2013). Available at:

5 The 2013 AHA/ACC Guidelines for Sodium are as follows:  For people who need/advised to lower their blood pressure, the guidelines recommend a gradual step-down approach that caps daily sodium intake at no more than 2,400 mg.  The guidelines advise that 1,500 milligrams a day of sodium to reflect that this is the upper limit advised because of its effect on blood pressure.  “Reducing sodium intake by at least 1,000 milligrams a day from the US average will lower blood pressure, even if the desired sodium intake is not yet achieved.” 1. "2013 AHA/ACC Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines." Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2013). Available at: 2. American Heart Association. guidelinehttp://newsroom.heart.org/news/american-heart-associationamerican-college-of-cardiology-joint-healthy-living-clinical-practice- guideline

6 Thank you! For more information please contact Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA Telephone: CDC-INFO ( )/TTY: Visit: | Contact CDC at: CDC-INFO or The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention


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