9 Minerals 22 minerals are needed by the body Two categories: Major Include calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfurTraceInclude iron, zinc, iodine, selenium, copper, manganese, fluoride, chromium, molybdenum, arsenic, nickel, silicon, boron and cobalt
10 Sodium What does sodium do for you? Helps maintain fluid balance Helps transmit nerve impulsesInfluences contraction and relaxation of muscles
11 Sodium & Health Too much sodium Causes high blood pressure May lead to fluid retention
12 Sodium SavvyThe human body requires about 500 mg of sodium per day, while the average American usually ingests between 2,300-6,900 mg each day.It is recommended to stay in a range of 1,500 to 2,400 mg / day.
14 Sodium & Food On food labels: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) Baking soda Baking powderDisodium phosphateSodium alginateSodium nitrate or nitrite
15 Reducing sodium in your diet Eat more fresh foodsEat less processed foodsLook for low-sodium productsLimit the salt you add to foodsExperiment with other seasoningsUse salt substitutes with caution
16 Calcium The most abundant mineral in your body Known for bone health 99% is stored in the bonesKnown for bone healthHow much do you need?Males years old: 1,000 mg / dayFemales years old: 1,000 mg / day
17 Vitamin D / Calcium Deficiency May lead to osteomalacia and/or osteoporosis
18 Calcium & Foods Dairy products, fortified juices, sardines Food Yogurt, plain (low-fat)Yogurt, flavored (low-fat)1 cup mg1 cup – 345 mgMilk, skimMilk, 1-2%1 cup – 302 mg1 cup – 300 mgIce cream½ cup – 88 mgBroccoli, cooked½ cup – 68 mgSalmon, canned3 oz – 165 mgFortified orange juice8 oz – 300 mg
19 IronIron deficiency is the most widespread vitamin or mineral deficiency in the world.70% of your body’s iron is in your hemoglobinToo little iron = too little oxygen
20 Iron & Foods Heme iron: Non-heme iron: Found in animal products Red meats, liver, poultry and eggsNon-heme iron:Found in plant productsBeans, nuts, seeds, dried fruits, fortified breads and cereals
21 Iron supplements Check with your doctor first. High risk groups: Strict vegetariansThose who do not eat a balanced dietThose who are over 60Smokers and those who regularly drink alcoholChronic dietersThose who suffer from food allergies, intolerances
22 Antioxidants / Phytochemicals What are they?Why are they important?Where do you get them?(Kline, 2008)
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