Presentation on theme: "Joshua Medow MD, MS Christopher Nickele MD, Christy Hunter,RN,CCRN, Patricia Chesmore,RN,CCRN, Tammy Kundinger,RT, William Tanke,PharmD, Gabriel Norgaard,BS,"— Presentation transcript:
Joshua Medow MD, MS Christopher Nickele MD, Christy Hunter,RN,CCRN, Patricia Chesmore,RN,CCRN, Tammy Kundinger,RT, William Tanke,PharmD, Gabriel Norgaard,BS, Tony Frey,BS Doug Miller Symposium April 25, 2013 USING THE ELECTRONIC MEDICAL RECORD TO MAXIMIZE PRACTICE EFFICIENCY IN ORGAN DONATION
DISCLOSURE The authors of this presentation have no financial or ethical conflicts to disclose
OUTLINE Efficiency The use of protocols Abilities of the EMR Order sets to increase efficiency Other avenues to increase efficiency
DEMANDS ON TIME OR ER ICU Documentation Outpatient Calls General Care
PROTOCOLS Nursing care Physician input up front Triggers for call to physician Requires nursing to implement Computerized protocols versus paper 1 1. J Burn Care Res. 2011 ; 32(2): 246–255. doi:10.1097/BCR.0b013e31820aaebf
THE TEAM Neurocritical Care Physician Nursing Respiratory Care Pharmacy Hospital IT
BRAIN DEAD DONOR (BDD) Optimizing care Critical care team efficiency Managing parameters / metric driven
DONATION AFTER CARDIAC DEATH (DCD) DONOR Donor comfort Optimizing care Critical care team efficiency Managing parameters/metric driven
PROTOCOLS – VASCULAR VOLUME MAINTENANCE 1.Obtain weight in kg 2.If weight is > 20 kg skip to step 5 3.If weight is > 10 kg skip to step 7 4.Multiply weight by 4 and skip to step 10 5.Subtract 20 from weight 6.Add 60 to result and skip to step 10 7.Subtract 10 from weight 8.Multiply result by 2 9.Add 40 10.This is the rate to maintenance (.9ns+20k.) IVF at
PROTOCOLS – VASCULAR VOLUME MANAGEMENT 1.Obtain CVP every 2 hours 2.If CVP > 6 go to step 8 3.Multiply (7 – CVP) by 5 4.Multiply the value in step three by the weight in Kg 5.Round up to nearest 10 ml. Do not exceed 2000 mL 6.Give.9 NS at 1000 mL/hr until calculated volume is reached 7.Go to step 1 8.If CVP is < 13 go to 1 9.Give lasix 40 mg every 6 hours prn for CVP > 12 10.Go to step 1
PROTOCOLS – FREE WATER DEFICIT CORRECTION 1.Obtain serum sodium. 2.If serum sodium < 151 skip to step #9. 3.Divide patient admit weight by 2. (VL = patient weight / 2). 4.Number of L of D5W to replace: LD5 = VL – ((150 * VL)/serum sodium). 5.Number of mL of D5W to replace: MLD5 = LD5 * 1000. 6.Round MLD5 to nearest 10 mL. 7.Administer MLD5 at a rate of 500 mL / hour until infusion completed. 8.Wait 2 hours and return to step #1. 9.Obtain serum sodium every 6 hours. 10.If serum sodium > 150 and U.O. > 250 mL/hr give ddAVP 1 mcg every 3 hours and return to step #3.
PROTOCOLS – HEMATOCRIT CORRECTION 1.Obtain hematocrit 2.If hematocrit is > 23 no need to transfuse, go to step 1 3.Subtract hematocrit from 24 4.Divide resultant by 3 5.Divide weight by 70 6.Multiply steps 4 and 5 7.Round up to nearest integer 8.If value in step 7 is < 7 transfuse number of units in step 7 and go to step 1 9.Call MD for transfusion concerns
PROTOCOL – PAIN / AGITATION SCORES FOR DOSING Validated Sedation / Agitation Score Table Used for Midazolam Dosing Validated Nonverbal Pain Score Table Used for Morphine Dosing
CAPABILITIES Can follow new labs/vitals instantly Notify nurses instantly Can generate pages to physician automatically When protocol fails When issue needs special attention Meds, transfusions, etc.
PURPOSE Optimize patient care (organs per donor) Efficiency (collected data) Hours billed Pages generated Physician and nurse satisfaction with process
METHODS Tracked critical care hours billed Tracked pages generated Tracked organs procured per donor Developed order sets Brain Dead Donation Donation after Cardiac Death EpicCare (Epic Systems Corporation, Verona, WI)
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