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THE APPLICATION OF ACTIVE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES TO MITIGATE PUBLIC ORDER CHALLENGES Presenter: Mr. Cobus van der Merwe Saab.

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Presentation on theme: "THE APPLICATION OF ACTIVE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES TO MITIGATE PUBLIC ORDER CHALLENGES Presenter: Mr. Cobus van der Merwe Saab."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE APPLICATION OF ACTIVE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES TO MITIGATE PUBLIC ORDER CHALLENGES Presenter: Mr. Cobus van der Merwe Saab

2 2 Disorder Takes Many Forms In All Cases the Basic Challenge is Stopping Potential for Violence Objective: Successful Conflict Resolution with Minimum Collateral Damage

3 3 Factors contributing to Violent Public Disorder Causes out of Police domain – i.e. Police not in a position to rectify the source of the problem but needs to create time & space for other agencies to do so. Police/Security Personnel thus not seen as Protector but as the face of the opponent & thus a legitimate target

4 4 Factors contributing to Violent Public Disorder Failure to understand specific crowd psychology – different types of disorder have differences in nature. Failure to understand the reasons for the specific event – Treating all public disorder in the same way is a 1-tool approach Basic Life Needs Survival Safety Needs Security/Stability Relational Needs Country/Family/Work/Love Esteem Needs Status/Responsibility Self-Actualisation Needs Growth/Fulfilment What will trigger Violence? Propensity for Violence

5 5 Factors contributing to Violent Public Disorder A-type personalities on both sides are pushing the envelope & often sparks violence (it only needs a single ignition event). This is a known fact and the antagonists are exploiting it & use it to manipulate the media. Pushed it Lost it Captured it

6 6 Factors contributing to violent Public Disorder Escalators of Violence Perceived/Real vulnerability of Protectors – abandon “minimum applicable” force principle out of self-preservation. High entry level of countermeasures intensity without simultaneous removal of unrest causes – creates sense of “losing” with rioters and depending upon group, the “need to get even”. Containment & Mitigation Less-than-lethal: Ballistic Less-Than-Lethal: Chemical Audio-Visual & Physical Channelise & Negotiate

7 7 Factors contributing to violent Public Disorder Escalators of Violence Cornering rioters with no avenue of escape or attack after submission creates a survival situation for rioter and raises aggression. Perception that law cannot be effectively enforced leads to disproportionate criminality in large groupings or perceived opportunity.

8 8 Factors contributing to violent Public Disorder Wrong handling of Public Disorder results in outcomes often only seen in military warfare

9 9 Requirements For Mitigation Of Unrest Multi-layered response options Joint conflict resolution team driving the operation with real-time intelligence, command & control Pre-emptive damage reduction along possible routes: –Movement restriction –Limited evacuation –Fire proofing –High Value Stock/Asset removal Ways to ensure due course of law enforcement – Long arm of Law Technologies to reduce law enforcement collateral

10 10 Candidate Technologies And Applications Incident Command & Surveillance System

11 11 Candidate Technologies And Applications On Foot Video Solution 1.Shoulder Camera 2.Transmit Antenna 3.Transmitter 4.Battery Cell 5.Specialist Jacket pre configured with wiring loom The Wireless body worn Video solution comprises of a standard Domo transmitter and battery supply housed in a specially modified jacket containing all the necessary equipment and cabling. The body worn camera comes in various mounting options and configurations.

12 12 Candidate Technologies And Applications Petrol Bomb Protection Safety Tested for Use on Humans by SABS – Can be provided in 1 kg Handheld Format Fire = Basic Human Fear

13 13 Candidate Technologies And Applications Petrol Bomb Protection Comparative Testing With DCP by Somerset West Fire Department

14 14 Candidate Technologies And Applications Vehicle Access Limitation Pepper Spray impregnated Slippery Surface UV Marker

15 15 Candidate Technologies And Applications Anti-Looting/Anti-Theft Application Typically dustbins upended or cars vandalised Pepper Spray impregnated Stench Generator UV Marker

16 16 Candidate Technologies And Applications Anti-Hijack Installation Pepper Spray impregnated UV Marker

17 17 Candidate Technologies And Applications Situational Deployment of Countermeasures Manual or automated Various Less-Than-Lethal Options Different types/calibres can be fitted

18 18 Candidate Technologies And Applications Robotic Deployment using Vehicle Protection System Reduce physical risk to Police Officers Different countermeasure options Envelopment & Surprise

19 19 Candidate Technologies And Applications Less-Than-Lethal Ammunition Options: GALIX 46 Protect Vehicle Drive off rioters

20 20 Candidate Technologies And Applications Less-Than-Lethal Ammunition Options: GALIX 19 Flash-Bang Effect Drive off rioters

21 21 Benefits Of Active Protection Mitigation In The Law Enforcement Chain Better protection of Law Enforcers and Public Order Officers specifically against: –Fire bomb attack –Vehicle losses –Close proximity and risk of injury Superior situational awareness keeps force on top of the game. Scalable countermeasures Enables due process of law by marking of perpetrators

22 22 Conclusion A flexible approach is required. Public Order Policing is a complex art that requires a high degree of specialisation. Each situation is unique and requires detailed understanding of the complexities. Mature technologies used in the defence and civil security sectors can mitigate the Public Policing Challenge

23 Thank You Questions?


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