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LIFE TCY 98/CY/167 Integrated Control of Industrial Pollution and Chemical Substances in Cyprus VOC EMISSIONS By: Dr. Stelios Georghiades Labour Inspection.

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Presentation on theme: "LIFE TCY 98/CY/167 Integrated Control of Industrial Pollution and Chemical Substances in Cyprus VOC EMISSIONS By: Dr. Stelios Georghiades Labour Inspection."— Presentation transcript:

1 LIFE TCY 98/CY/167 Integrated Control of Industrial Pollution and Chemical Substances in Cyprus VOC EMISSIONS By: Dr. Stelios Georghiades Labour Inspection Officer Department of Labour Inspection

2 VOC Emissions Establishment of an integrated management system concerning VOC emissions according to EU Directives

3 Definition of VOC According to 1999/13/EU –Any organic compound having at 293,15K a vapour pressure of 0,01 kPa or more

4 Sources of VOC Emissions Petrol storage & distribution Motor vehicle exhausts Evaporative emissions from cars Solvent usage Industrial processes

5 Concern about VOC Stratospheric ozone depletion Ground level ozone formation Human health effects Enhancing greenhouse effect Accumulation and persistence in the environment

6 EU Directives 1994/63 on the control of VOC emissions resulting from the storage and distribution of petrol 1999/13 on the limitation of emissions of VOC due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities & installations

7 Directive 1994/63 Storage installations at terminals Loading and unloading of mobile containers at terminals Mobile containers Loading into storage installations at service stations

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9 VOC emissions from storage and distribution of petrol TerminalsStationsTotal Emissions (tonnes/ 1999)

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13 Directive 1999/13 Purpose: To prevent or reduce the direct and indirect effects of emissions of VOC Note: The Directive limits emissions of solvents, NOT their use

14 Directive 99/13 - Activities Coating Use –Vehicle refinish –Coil coating –wood coating –leather coating –coating of winding wire

15 Directive 99/13 - Activities Printing and adhesive –printing –footwear production –wood / plastic lamination –adhesive coating

16 Directive 99/13 - Activities Other activities –surface cleaning –dry cleaning –wood impregnation –coating manufacture –rubber conversion –vegetable oil extraction –pharmaceutical manufacture

17 Directive 99/13 - Methodology Bottom up –Emission = emission factor x activity statistic Top down –Emission = (Imports - Exports) x emission factor

18 Manufacture of coating preparations Top down method Investigated 5 major industries Three industries covered by 99/13 Total VOC emissions for 43 solvents –per industry –per district

19 Manufacture of coating preparations Imports (tonnes- 1999) Exports (tonnes ) Emissions (tonnes )

20 Coating preparations - emissions / district Nicosia (tonnes ) Limassol (tonnes ) Larnaca (tonnes ) Paphos (tonnes ) Ammochostos (tonnes )

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22 Dry Cleaners - Bottom up method TypeNo Open system89 Closed system60

23 Dry Cleaners - Bottom up method Solvent Emissions (tonnes ) White spirit150 Perchloroethylene50

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25 Conclusions Complexity of a VOC emissions register Registry of VOC emissions in Cyprus

26 Total Emissions of VOC Source Emissions (tonnes-1999) Petrol 718 Solvents1477 Refinery 36 Dry cleaning 200 Printing 130 Total 2561

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28 Future plans Identify all VOC emission sources VOC emissions inventory by species

29 Acknowledgements All companies that provided data All my colleagues who contributed towards this project


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