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ENERGY PLANNING DEPARTMENT MINISTRY OF ENERGY THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR 11 th November, 2011 ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN MYANMAR Greater Mekong.

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Presentation on theme: "ENERGY PLANNING DEPARTMENT MINISTRY OF ENERGY THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR 11 th November, 2011 ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN MYANMAR Greater Mekong."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENERGY PLANNING DEPARTMENT MINISTRY OF ENERGY THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR 11 th November, 2011 ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN MYANMAR Greater Mekong Subregion 5 th Meeting of the Subregional Energy Forum (SEF-5)

2 Country Profile  Area - 676,577 km 2  Population – about 60 Million Agriculture Country  International Border with  Bangladesh & India = North-West  China = North- East  Laos = East  Thailand = South-East  The Former Capital City = Yangon  The New Capital City = Nay Pyi Taw China

3 1.Institutional Framework of Myanmar Energy Sector 2.Primary Energy Resources In Myanmar 3.Myanma Energy Policy 4.Oil and Gas Sub-sector 5.Electricity Sub-sector 6.Coal Sub-sector 7.Renewable Energy Sub-sector 8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Activities 9. Energy Saving Target by Sub-sectors Contents of Presentation 1.Institutional Framework of Myanmar Energy Sector 2.Primary Energy Resources In Myanmar 3. Myanma Energy Policy 4.Oil and Gas Sub-sector 5.Electricity Sub-sector 6.Coal Sub-sector 7.Renewable Energy Sub-sector 8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Activities 9. Energy Saving Target by Sub-sectors

4 (1) Ministry of Energy = Petroleum (2) Ministry of Electric Power No.(1)=Hydropower (3)Ministry of Electric Power No.(2) =Thermal Electric-power + Power transmission and distribution (4) Ministry of Mines = Coal (5) - Ministry of Environmental Conservation & Forestry - Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation (6) - Ministry of Science & Technology - NGOs o Myanmar Engineering Society (MES) = Renewable Energy o Renewable Energy Association, Myanmar (REAM) 1. Institutional Framework of Myanmar Energy Sector * Ministry of Energy is a Focal Point of the Myanmar Energy Sector Cooperations = Biomass &Fuel Wood 4

5 2. Primary Energy Resources In Myanmar 1Crude Oil(Offshore & Onshore) MMBBL(proved) 2Natural Gas (Offshore & Onshore)20.14 TCF(proved) 3Hydro108,000 MW 4Coal711 Million Metric Tons 5BiomassAbout 48% of total land area covered with forest 6Wind365.1 TWH per year 7Solar Power TWH per year 8Geothermal93 Locations

6 3. Myanma Energy Policy I. I.To maintain the Status of Energy Independence II. II.To promote wider use of New and Renewable Sources of Energy III. III.To promote Energy Efficiency and Conservation IV. IV.To promote use of Alternative Fuels in household 6

7 4. Oil and Gas Sub-sector 7

8 Oil and Gas Bearing Areas of Myanmar SEDIMENTARY BASINS 1.Rakhine Coastal 2.Hukaung 3.Chindwin 4.Shwebo-Monywa 5.Central Myanmar 6.Pyay Embayment 7.Ayeyarwady Delta 8.Bago Yoma Basin 9.Sittaung Valley 10.Mepale 11.Mawlamyine 12.Namyau 13.Hsipaw-Lashio 14.Kalaw 15.Rakhine offshore 16.Moattama offshore 17.Tanintharyi offshore STATUS OF EXPLORATION (Offshore) Thoroughly Explored Basins Rakhine Offshore Moattama Offshore Tanintharyi Offshore STATUS OF EXPLORATION (Onshore) A.Thoroughly Explored Basins 1. Central Myanmar 2. Pyay Embayment 3. Ayeyarwady Delta (Only Part of the Basin) B.Explored to Some Extent 1. Chindwin 2. Rakhine Coastal C.Very Little Explored 1. Hukaung 2. Shwebo-Monywa 3. Bago Yoma D.Not Explored Yet 1. Hsipaw-Lashio 2. Namyau 3. Kalaw 4. Sittaung Valley 5. Mawlamyine 6. Mepale 8

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10 Current Offshore Activities Operator CompanyBlock TOTALM-5, M-6 (Yadana Project) PETRONAS M-12, M-13, M-14 (Yetagun Project) DAEWOO INTERNATIONALA-1, A-3 (Shwe Project) PTTEPIM-3, M-7, M-11 M-9 (Zawtika Project) CNOOCM-10 ESSAR A-2 NGWEM-8 TWINZA OIL (ASIA) LTD.YEB CNPC INTERNATIONAL LTDAD-1, AD-6, AD-8 MPRL E & PA-6 RIMBUNAN PETROGASM-1 PETROVIETNAM+EDENM-2 DAEWOOINTERNATIONALAD-7 PETRONASMD-4, MD-5, MD-6 KMDCA-5, A-7, M-15, M-16 In offshore area, 28 Contracts are active in 29 offshore blocks with 22 foreign companies. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar Blocks Map 10

11 -Present Oil & Gas Production Onshore Crude Oil 7,600 Bbl/day Natural Gas 75 MMCF/day Offshore Condensate12,000 Bbl/day Natural Gas 1.2 BCF/day - The Oil & Gas Sector placed as high priority

12 12 Natural Gas Export (Myanmar) Sr. No. YEARYADANAYETAGUNTOTAL ( BSCF ) According to the BP Statistical Review,2011,16 th Position of the World

13 CNG / NGV PROGRAMME OF CLEANER FOSSIL ENERGY IN MYANMAR  Initiated in Myanmar since  1986 – August 2004 : - 5 CNG Refueling Stations in Yangon City - 2 in Yenangyaung Field - 1 in Chauk Field NGVs (Converted from petrol buses)  CNG / NGV Programme was reactivated in August  46 CNG Refueling Stations in Myanmar in Yangon City - 2 in Mandalay City - 2 in Yenangyaung Field - 1 in Chauk Field - about 27,000 NGVs (Converted from both petrol / diesel cars)  Future : CNG Refueling Stations will be installed along the existing domestic pipeline corridor. (39) 13

14 Myanmar - China Crude Oil Pipeline 781km Myanmar - China Natural Gas Pipeline 870 km SHWE GAS PROJECT Zawtika Gas to Thailand Shwe Gas to China in 2013

15 Electricity Installed Capacity (2011) [MW] 5. Electricity Sub-Sector 15 Steam

16 Power Generation by Type Tot: Electricity Generation (GWh) Hydel % % % % % % Thermal63210%78613%85513%6149%5117%6417.4% Gas239840%202533%189130%189629%116217% % Diesel330.5%280.5%340.5%400.6%290.4%320.4%

17 6. Coal Sub-Sector   Known reserve 431 Million Tons from 36 Major Coal Deposits.   The potential coal resource inferred 711 Million Tons.

18 Annual Coal Production and Consumption Tons in Thousands YearProductionConsumptionExport

19 Coal Production Forecast YearProductionState Owned JV Operation Private Tons in Thousand 19

20 BiomassPotential - 48 % of total land area (32.2 million hectares)of Myanmar is covered with forest and widely use as traditional energy source - available annual sustainable yield of woodfuel is million cubic ton million cubic ton. 7. Renewable Energy Sub-Sector 20

21   Woodfuel and charcoal are the main sources of bioenergy used in Myanamr.   About 76% of total population mainly use the woodfuel for cooking and heating purposes.   The annual consumption of woodfuel per household is estimated to be 25 cu-ton for rural households and 1.4 cu-ton for urban residents.

22 Biofuels - Biofuel can be used as an alternative fuel to reduce the dependence on import of liquid fuel - Ministry of Energy issued specifications for Biofuels and take responsibility or monitoring the distributed Biofuels’ specification - -As per Government’s guidance for development of the Biodiesel production, Jatropha Curcas plants are grown in homesteads and cultivable land to use its oil as alternative fuel - The Government is making arrangement to reduce the CO2 emission by increasing natural gas utilization in Transport Sector by converting Gasoline, Diesel and LPG vehicles to CNG vehicles and also using Biofuels

23 23 Bio-fuel Implementation Program The Government laid out -  To encourage the use of bio-fuel at national level.  To set aside 500,000 acres for Jatropha Curcas cultivation in each State and Division.  To start with Jatropha oil blended with diesel for low valued engines in rural area.  To encourage the use of locally available raw materials in production of bio-diesel.  To encourage establishment of small scale processing plants in rural areas and  To implement projects on bio-fuel production with the assistance of FAO, and ASEAN countries. 23

24 8. Some Energy Efficiency and Conservation Activities 24 -The Government has initiated “ Dry Day” programme for Government Vehicles at 2 nd & 4 th Sundays of Every Months -Hope to set up EE & C Law -Fuel Switching System -Substitute MS, HSD & LPG to CNG - Substitute Biofuel 24

25 9. Energy Saving Target by Sub-sectors 25 Industrial Sector: Reduce consumption by 10% in Develop energy statistics - Promote introduction of equipment and facilities with high energy conservation capacity Commercial/Residential Sector : Reduce consumption by 5%-8% in Labelling systems for buildings and appliances - Develop demand-side management programme - Through management of energy and other resources 25

26 26 Transportation Sector:Fuel substitution by biofuel by at least 8% in Raise the fuel efficiency in terms of passenger-km and km/liter - Fuel substitution with by biofuel Electricity Sector:15-20% share of renewable energy to total installed capacity in Develop technology transfer and RE knowledge in rural area - Assist sustainable RE application in electricity generation 26

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