Presentation on theme: "Greater Mekong Subregion"— Presentation transcript:
1Greater Mekong Subregion 5th Meeting of the Subregional Energy Forum (SEF-5)ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENTIN MYANMARENERGY PLANNING DEPARTMENTMINISTRY OF ENERGYTHE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR11th November, 2011
2Country Profile Area - 676,577 km2 Population – about 60 Million Agriculture CountryInternational Border withBangladesh & India = North-WestChina = North- EastLaos = EastThailand = South-EastThe Former Capital City = YangonThe New Capital City = Nay Pyi TawChina
3Contents of Presentation 1 Contents of Presentation 1. Institutional Framework of Myanmar Energy Sector 2. Primary Energy Resources In Myanmar 3. Myanma Energy Policy 4. Oil and Gas Sub-sector 5. Electricity Sub-sector 6. Coal Sub-sector 7. Renewable Energy Sub-sector 8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Activities 9. Energy Saving Target by Sub-sectors
41. Institutional Framework of Myanmar Energy Sector (1) Ministry of Energy = Petroleum(2) Ministry of Electric Power No.(1) =Hydropower(3)Ministry of Electric Power No.(2) =Thermal Electric-power +Power transmission and distribution(4) Ministry of Mines = Coal(5) - Ministry of Environmental Conservation& Forestry- Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation(6) - Ministry of Science & Technology- NGOsMyanmar Engineering Society (MES) = Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy Association,Myanmar (REAM)= Biomass &Fuel Wood* Ministry of Energy is a Focal Point of the Myanmar Energy Sector Cooperations
52. Primary Energy Resources In Myanmar 1Crude Oil(Offshore & Onshore)MMBBL(proved)2Natural Gas (Offshore & Onshore)20.14 TCF(proved)3Hydro108,000 MW4Coal711 Million Metric Tons5BiomassAbout 48% of total land area covered with forest6Wind365.1 TWH per year7Solar PowerTWH per year8Geothermal93 Locations
63. Myanma Energy Policy To maintain the Status of Energy Independence To promote wider use of New and Renewable Sources of EnergyTo promote Energy Efficiency and ConservationTo promote use of Alternative Fuels in household6
8Oil and Gas Bearing Areas of Myanmar SEDIMENTARY BASINSRakhine CoastalHukaungChindwinShwebo-MonywaCentral MyanmarPyay EmbaymentAyeyarwady DeltaBago Yoma BasinSittaung ValleyMepaleMawlamyineNamyauHsipaw-LashioKalawRakhine offshoreMoattama offshoreTanintharyi offshoreSTATUS OF EXPLORATION (Offshore)Thoroughly Explored BasinsRakhine OffshoreMoattama OffshoreTanintharyi OffshoreSTATUS OF EXPLORATION(Onshore)Thoroughly Explored Basins1. Central Myanmar2. Pyay Embayment3. Ayeyarwady Delta(Only Part of the Basin)Explored to Some Extent1. Chindwin2. Rakhine CoastalVery Little Explored1. Hukaung2. Shwebo-Monywa3. Bago YomaNot Explored Yet1. Hsipaw-Lashio2. Namyau3. Kalaw4. Sittaung Valley5. Mawlamyine6. Mepale
10Current Offshore Activities The Republic of the Union of Myanmar Operator Company BlockTOTAL M-5 , M-6(Yadana Project)PETRONAS M-12 , M-13 , M (Yetagun Project)DAEWOO INTERNATIONAL A-1 , A-3(Shwe Project)PTTEPI M-3 , M-7 , M M-9 (Zawtika Project)CNOOC M-10ESSAR A-2NGWE M-8TWINZA OIL (ASIA) LTD. YEBCNPC INTERNATIONAL LTD AD-1, AD-6 , AD-8MPRL E & P A-6RIMBUNAN PETROGAS M-1PetroVietnam+Eden M-2DAEWOO INTERNATIONAL AD-7PETRONAS MD-4, MD-5, MD-6KMDC A-5, A-7, M-15, M-16The Republic of the Union of MyanmarBlocks MapIn offshore area, 28 Contracts are active in 29 offshore blocks with 22 foreign companies.
11-Present Oil & Gas Production OnshoreCrude Oil 7,600 Bbl/dayNatural Gas MMCF/dayOffshoreCondensate 12,000 Bbl/dayNatural Gas BCF/day- The Oil & Gas Sector placed as high priority
12Natural Gas Export (Myanmar) (BSCF)Sr.No.YEARYADANAYETAGUNTOTAL1.30.000-184.108.40.20604.75.8305.91.9306.92.33220.127.116.111.12.13.According to the BP Statistical Review,2011,16th Position of the World
13CNG / NGV PROGRAMME OF CLEANER FOSSIL ENERGY IN MYANMAR Initiated in Myanmar since 1986.1986 – August 2004 :- 5 CNG Refueling Stations -- 2 in Yangon City- 2 in Yenangyaung Field- 1 in Chauk Field- 587 NGVs (Converted from petrol buses)CNG / NGV Programme was reactivated inAugust 2004.46 CNG Refueling Stations in Myanmar-- 41 in Yangon City- 2 in Mandalay City- about 27,000 NGVs (Converted from both petrol / diesel cars)Future : CNG Refueling Stations will be installedalong the existing domestic pipeline corridor.(39)(39)
14Myanmar - China Crude Oil Pipeline 781km Myanmar - China Natural Gas Pipeline 870 kmShwe Gas to China in 2013Zawtika Gas to ThailandSHWE GAS PROJECT
16Power Generation by Type Tot: Electricity Generation(GWh)606461636398662169648624Hydel300049.5%332453.5%361856.5%407161.4%526275.6%618971.8%Thermal63210%78613%8556149%5117%6417.4%Gas239840%202533%189130%189629%116217%176220.4%Diesel330.5%2834400.6%290.4%32
176. Coal Sub-SectorKnown reserve 431 Million Tons from 36 Major Coal Deposits.The potential coal resource inferred 711 Million Tons.
18Annual Coal Production and Consumption Tons in ThousandsYearProductionConsumptionExport571.14132.71401.88631.93113.00531.25550.20120.40439.87925.42188.16737.26992.00192.12799.88559.20623.30798.41515.21888.70228.59564.48521.3943.09386.74356.7430.00
19Coal Production Forecast Tons in ThousandYearProductionState OwnedJV OperationPrivate48.80761.00925.0050.0055.00
207. Renewable Energy Sub-Sector BiomassPotential- 48 % of total land area (32.2 million hectares)ofMyanmar is covered with forest and widely use astraditional energy source- available annual sustainable yield of woodfuel is19.12 million cubic ton.
21Woodfuel and charcoal are the main sources of Woodfuel and charcoal are the main sources of bioenergy used in Myanamr.About 76% of total population mainly use the woodfuel for cooking and heating purposes.The annual consumption of woodfuel per household is estimated to be 25 cu-ton for rural households and 1.4 cu-ton for urban residents.
22Biofuels- Biofuel can be used as an alternative fuel to reduce the dependence on import of liquid fuel- Ministry of Energy issued specifications for Biofuels and take responsibility or monitoring the distributed Biofuels’ specificationAs per Government’s guidance for development of the Biodiesel production, Jatropha Curcas plants are grown in homesteads and cultivable land to use its oil as alternative fuel- The Government is making arrangement to reduce the CO2 emission by increasing natural gas utilization in Transport Sector by converting Gasoline, Diesel and LPG vehicles to CNG vehicles and also using Biofuels
23Bio-fuel Implementation Program The Government laid out -To encourage the use of bio-fuel at national level.To set aside 500,000 acres for Jatropha Curcas cultivation in each State and Division.To start with Jatropha oil blended with diesel for low valued engines in rural area.To encourage the use of locally available raw materials in production of bio-diesel.To encourage establishment of small scale processing plants in rural areas andTo implement projects on bio-fuel production with the assistance of FAO, and ASEAN countries.Curcus to carcus23
248. Some Energy Efficiency and Conservation Activities The Government has initiated “ Dry Day” programme for Government Vehicles at 2nd & 4th Sundays of Every MonthsHope to set up EE & C LawFuel Switching SystemSubstitute MS, HSD & LPG to CNGSubstitute BiofuelCurcus to carcus24
259. Energy Saving Target by Sub-sectors Industrial Sector: Reduce consumption by 10% in 2020- Develop energy statistics- Promote introduction of equipment and facilities with high energy conservation capacityCommercial/Residential Sector : Reduce consumption by 5%-8% in 2020- Labelling systems for buildings and appliances- Develop demand-side management programme- Through management of energy and other resourcesCurcus to carcus25
26- Raise the fuel efficiency in terms of passenger-km and km/liter Transportation Sector: Fuel substitution by biofuel by at least 8% in 2020- Raise the fuel efficiency in terms of passenger-km and km/liter- Fuel substitution with by biofuelElectricity Sector: 15-20% share of renewable energy to total installed capacity in 2020- Develop technology transfer and RE knowledge in rural area- Assist sustainable RE application in electricity generationCurcus to carcus26
27THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION Ministry of EnergyBuilding No.6, Nay Pyi Taw,The Republic of the Union of MyanmarTel:Fax:mptmail.net.mm